5. Climate Change Greece PARMA

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CRITICAL ISSUES DUE TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN GREECE Greek Team Natalia Mammaka, Amalia Geraskli

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Sea Level Temperature Precipitation Critical Issues

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2100 0,2 - 2 m Estimation Extremely long coastline 1.000 km high vulnerability Aegean Sea 58% of coastline in danger 16.300 km ≈ ⅓ of Earth’s circumference Impacts Tourism Land Use Transportation Coastal Erosion E xtreme conditions Sea Level Rising

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Coastal Alterations Italian Records 1930

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Alterations in Precipitation Rainfall Reduction Extremities in Weather patterns 1989-1990 rainfall were reduced 40% By the end 21st century 5%-19% rainfall reduction Unprecedented heavy precipitation Unprecedented kind of precipitation

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Floods Short duration & very heavy precipitation Droughts 2021-2050 20 more days 2071-2100 40 more days Water Resources Quantity & Quality diminution Impacts

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Impacts Agriculture Lorem ipsum congue Temprature By the end of 21st air temperature will increase 3.0-4.5 o C Heatwaves Droughts Biodiversity Energy demand for cooling Forest Fires Tourism Ecosystems

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European Droughts The map shows the main drought events in Europe in 2002 - 2012 http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/river-flow-drought-1/assessment

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2007 Forest fires in Peloponnese-NASA satellite

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Strategies

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Strategies 1 NON ACTION Scenario Total absence of action to reduce Gas emissions 2 MITIGATION Scenario Take action to reduce Gas Emissions - Limitation of temperature increase to 2% 3 ADAPTATION Scenario Radical, wide spread actions to limit temperature increase

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NON ACTION SCENARIO Annual reduction of Greek National Gross Product 2050 2070 2% 6% Total cost till 2070 for Greece 701 billion Euros

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MITIGATION SCENARIO Total cost till 2070 for Greece 436 billion Euros 265 billions Euro less (40%) compared to Non Action Scenario

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ADAPTATION SCENARIO Annual reduction of Greek National Gross Product 2050 2070 2.3% 3.7% Total cost till 2070 for Greece 67 billion Euros 510 billion Past Damages

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Mesures Flood modification mesures Awareness campaigns for the impact of CC Awareness campaigns for behavioural change Reduction of fossil fuel use and increase of renewable energy Increase of recycling percentage - stop using plastic Biological Agriculture Green transportation EFFICIENCY? Wide Scale Cooperation Planning Implementation Acceptance

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Sources http://www.ypeka.gr/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=crbjkiIcLlA%3D&tabid=303&language=el-GR http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspx?tabid=303 http://www.greenbanking.gr/el/GreenLibrary?cat=climabiz#view-content https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/technical-papers/ccw/chapter3.pdf https://www.igsoc.org/journal/56/195/j09j048.pdf https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/5-8/features/nasa-knows/what-is-climate-change-58.html http://www.globalissues.org/issue/178/climate-change-and-global-warming https://europamedia.wordpress.com/2011/10/18/impact-of-climate-change-on-water-climatewater-final-symposium-and-stakeholder-platform/ http://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/feature/storms-floods-and-droughts http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/river-flow-drought-1/assessment https://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/kids/impacts/signs/precip-patterns.html http://whyfiles.org/211warm_arctic/2.html https://www.cresis.ku.edu/content/climate-change/news/2619 http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/river-flow-drought-1/assessment https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/impacts-climate-change-water-resources-m-saleem-akhter?articleId=8966385898888581354 http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/river-flow-drought-1/assessment http://whyfiles.org/211warm_arctic/2.html https://waterclimate.wordpress.com/research/climate-change/ http://www.nisoskos.gr/shownew.php?new_id=3458&category=2 http://www.kosvoice.gr http://www.iwrm-education.de/#!start

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