Political System of Greece

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Political Organization & Political System of Greece:

Political Organization & Political System of Greece


Introduction The conventional short form for the country's name is Greece (Hellas or Ellada). Its conventional official name is Hellenic Republic (Elliniki Dimocratia). The capital is Athens.

Political System:

Political System Parliamentary representative democratic republic Multi-party system The Prime Minister of Greece is the head of government The President of the Hellenic Republic is the chief of the state.

Hellenic Parliament:

Hellenic Parliament

President of the Republic:

President of the Republic He is elected by the Parliament for five years and his service can be renewed for another five years. He appoints the prime minister. The Cabinet is appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister. The legislative power is hold by the Parliament, called " Vouli ton Ellinon ". The Parliament has 300 seats and its members are elected every four years with elections. Voting is compulsory for citizens older than 18 years.

Prime Minister:

Prime Minister The prime minister is elected by the people and he or she is usually the leader of the party controlling the absolute majority of Parliament members. According to the Constitution, the prime minister safeguards the unity of the government and directs its activities. He or she is the most powerful person of the Greek political system and recommends ministers to the President for appointment or dismissal.

E L E C T I O N S:


Elections & Electorate :

Elections & Electorate Greece elects a legislature by universal suffrage of all citizens over the age of 18 . The Greek Parliament has 300 members, elected for a four-year term by a system of reinforced proportional representation in 48 multi-seat constituencies, 8 single-seat constituencies and a single nationwide list. 288 of the 300 seats are determined by constituency voting, and voters may select the candidate or candidates of their choice by marking their name on the party ballot. The remaining 12 seats are filled from nationwide party lists on a top-down basis and based on the proportion of the total vote each party received.

Hellenic Parliament:

Hellenic Parliament

Judicial & Legislative power:

Judicial & Legislative power The judicial power is organised as followed: Suppreme Judicial Court and Special Supreme Tribunal are formed by judges appointed for life by the president, after he has consulted a judicial council. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Hellenic Parliament.

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