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Premium member Presentation Transcript FIRE SAFETY: FIRE SAFETY Fire safety appreciation courseAims of the course: Aims of the course To give you an understanding of : The nature of Fire Fire hazards and risk Fire Prevention at work Local Fire procedures How to select and use a portable fire extinguisher safelyObjectives of the course: Objectives of the course At the end of the course you will Have an understanding of Fire Be able to reduce Fire risk at Work Know what to do when the Fire Alarm sounds Know what to do if you find a fire Be able to correctly and safely select and use a fire extinguisherWhy do we do this training: Why do we do this training Because management care about your safety Because many people are unnecessarily injured by fire at work each year Because the law specifically requires larger employers to train its staff in Fire Safety Because Fire Risk assessment flagged a need to train staff in Fire SafetyLesson Plan: Lesson Plan Pre - course assessment Fire Hazards and Risk Disaster - A case study The Nature of Fire Fire Procedures Fire Extinguishers End of course assessmentTo Begin : Pre-course knowledge: To Begin : Pre-course knowledge 1. What three things are needed for fire to exist 2. What do you think is the most common cause of fire in industrial premises? 3. What would you think is the average maximum time allowed for fire evacuation? 4. What colour is a modern CO2 Extinguisher? 5. What extinguisher would you use if your computer caught fire?Fire Hazards and Risk: Fire Hazards and Risk Question : What is the difference between a hazard and a risk ? A hazard is something with the potential to cause harm or loss. A risk is the likelihood that the hazard will actually cause that harm or loss.Fire at Bradford 11th May 1985: Fire at Bradford 11th May 1985 Time : first flame - well alight? How many died? Why? 2-3 Minutes 56 people lost their lives Very Poor standards of Fire SafetyWhat is Fire?: What is Fire? The rapid oxidation of a fuel evolving heat, particulates, gases and non-ionizing radiationSources of Ignition : Sources of Ignition Smoking Electrical equipment Heaters Contractors tools and equipment ArsonFuels: Fuels Paper & Boxes etc. Expanded polystyrene beads Plastics Solvents Carpets Furniture Waste materialsClasses of Fire - BS EN 2: Classes of Fire - BS EN 2 A - Free burning materials, paper, wood, plastics etc. B - Flammable liquids, petrol, meths, solvents etc. C - Flammable gases, methane, hydrogen etc. D - Metals, potassium, sodium, magnesium etc. F - Cooking fats Electricity can be involved in any class of fireFire Prevention : Fire Prevention Be mindful of Fire Safety Don’t block fire exits, call points or extinguishers No smoking policy Take care when cooking Observe good security Don’t wedge Fire Doors openFire Procedure - Fire Alarm: Fire Procedure - Fire Alarm Leave the building immediately Use the nearest exit Walk quickly but don’t run closing doors behind you Do not stop to collect your belongings Attend the Fire Assembly Point/muster point and report to the Fire Warden Do not return until told to do soFire Procedure - Finding a Fire: Fire Procedure - Finding a Fire REF it. R AISE the alarm E vacuate F ire brigade Only tackle a fire if it is safe to do soFighting a Fire - Do not fight the fire if : -: Fighting a Fire - Do not fight the fire if : - It is bigger than a waste paper bin One extinguisher is not enough Smoke is affecting your breathing You cannot see the way out Gas cylinders or chemicals are involved Your efforts are not reducing the size of the fireExtinguishers - European Changes : Extinguishers - European ChangesFire Extinguishers - Water: Fire Extinguishers - Water Red body Suitable for use on Class A Fires, wood and paper etc. Not suitable for combustible liquids, cooking fats etc. Not safe to use on fires involving electricity Extinguishes by coolingFire Extinguishers - Foam: Fire Extinguishers - Foam Cream body (Old type) or Red Body with Cream label Suitable for Class A and B Fires. Not suitable for use on fires involving electricity Extinguishes by cooling and sealing the surface of a burning liquidFire Extinguishers - Powder: Fire Extinguishers - Powder Blue body (Old type) or Red body with blue label. Best on Class B fires but safe to use on any type of fire. Works by chemically interfering with the combustion reactionFire Extinguishers -Carbon Dioxide: Fire Extinguishers -Carbon Dioxide Black body (Old type) or red body with black label (New type) Best on Class B and C fires but safe to use on any type of fire Safe to use on fires involving electricity Extinguishes by reducing oxygen levels and coolingFire Extinguishers - Blanket: Fire Extinguishers - Blanket Any colour body or label but they are usually red or white For use on any type of fire but best on small contained class B fires and people on fire. Extinguishes by asphyxiatingFire Safety at Home: Fire Safety at Home Fit and maintain a smoke detector Bin the chip pan Fit MCBs in fusebox Check round at night Close doors at night Don’t smoke in bed Prepare an escape planPost Course Knowledge: Post Course Knowledge Answers to questions 1. Fuel, heat and oxygen 2. Arson ! 3. 2 minutes 4. Red 5. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.