Category: Education

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Boko Haram is an Islamic sect that believes politics in northern Nigeria has been seized by a group of corrupt, false Muslims. The group has adopted its official name to be "the Congregation of the People of Tradition for Proselytism and Jihad“. In the town of Maiduguri, where the group was formed, the residents dubbed it Boko Haram. Boko Haram was founded as an indigenous group, turning itself into a Jihadist group in 2009. It wants to wage a war against corrupt Muslims, and the Federal Republic of Nigeria generally, to create a “pure” Islamic state ruled by sharia law. A range of conflicting narratives has grown up around Boko Haram, and the group's origins, motivations, and future plans remain a matter of debate.


Presentation Transcript


NIGERIA AND ETHNIC ISSUES Hina zaidi National Defense University, Islamabad


Background Nigeria experiences a mass of relatively minor conflicts. Strategic Conflict Assessment report, aimed to develop a understanding of the conflict in Nigeria and policy responses. Transition from dictatorship to democracy. Conflict in Nigeria may be conceptualized such as rivalry between different ethnic groups.

Objectives of diff. ethnic groups :

Objectives of diff. ethnic groups There are some common objectives of different groups. They include: The demand for ethnic and cultural autonomy, Competing demands for land, and money and Political space and dominancy.

Study Case of boko-haram:

Study Case of boko-haram

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Warfare Tactics and Activities :

Warfare Tactics and Activities  Its violent attacks on government offices, the United Nations, and churches threaten to destabilize the country. Since August 2011 Boko Haram has planted bombs almost weekly in public or in churches in Nigeria's northeast. The group has also broadened its targets to include setting fire to schools. Boko Haram is not in the same global jihadist bracket as Algeria's al-Qaeda. Despite its successful attack on the UN compound in Abuja in August 2011, Boko Haram is not bent on attacking Western interests.

Tactics Employed by Government to Counter this Issue :

Tactics Employed by Government to Counter this Issue   It is difficult to see how there can be meaningful dialogue between the government and the group. Tactics employed by government security agencies against Boko Haram have been consistently brutal and counterproductive. Their reliance on extrajudicial execution as a tactic in “dealing” with any problem in Nigeria not only created Boko Haram as it is known today, but also sustains it and gives it fuel to expand. Nigerian National Security Adviser Sambo Dasuki announced a new strategy known as “soft approach”.


Conclusions  Government policy. Nigeria is yet to address meaningful multi-ethnic education. Some of the useful tips for teaching multi-ethnic education effectively. (1) Teach the identified peculiar feature of the individual ethnic groups. (2) Teach their common experiences or commonalities.  (3) Highlight differences. It is hoped that if multi-ethnic education is properly address, country’s ethnic issues can be resolved.

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