Safe Driving

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Presentation Transcript

Safe DrivingTechniques : 

1 Safe DrivingTechniques

Slide 2: 

2

Introduction : 

3 Introduction Most vehicle accidents are the result of human error A consistent, defensive approach to driving can reduce the likelihood of driver error This training covers the aspects of safe driving

Introduction:Cost Associated with Vehicle Accidents and Careless Driving : 

4 Introduction:Cost Associated with Vehicle Accidents and Careless Driving Loss of Life: over 43,000 traffic fatalities occurred in 2006 Physical Damage Increased Maintenance Traffic Tickets Loss of License Loss of Job

Types of Accidents : 

5 Types of Accidents Rear End Collision Struck Stationary Object Weather Conditions Parked Car Chain Reaction Backing Collision Intersection Parking Lot Distracted Driver (mobile phone, makeup, etc)

The Three Dimensions of Safe Driving : 

6 The Three Dimensions of Safe Driving 1st Dimension – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle Preparation Defensive Driving Practices/Driving Safely 2nd Dimension – Know What’s Around You Speed and Space Management Turns Merging Backing 3rd Dimension – Know Your Conditions Intersections City Driving Night Driving Railroad Crossings Rural Driving

1D – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle : 

7 1D – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle Prepare – Plan Ahead: Allow time for preparation Allow extra time to get from Point A to Point B….safely! Stay relaxed

1D – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle : 

8 1D – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle Prepare – Proper Rest and Nutrition: Prepare for driving mentally and physically Get enough rest Take breaks Eat regularly Avoid heavy meals Stay alert and attentive

1D – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle : 

9 1D – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle Prepare – Drive Safely: Always wear your seat belt: Reduce injuries and save lives Most collisions occur close to home or at speeds below 40 mph Eliminate distractions Radio volume Cell phone usage Applying make-up Eating

1D – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle : 

10 1D – Know Yourself, Know Your Vehicle Prepare – Do NOT Drink & Drive: Drinking when driving impairs judgment and driving ability: 28% of fatally injured drivers have a BAC of 0.1% or higher Alcohol-related accidents and fatalities occur more frequently at night and on weekends If you anticipate that drinking will occur plan for other means of transportation: Public transportation or cab Designated driver

2D – Know What’s Around You : 

11 2D – Know What’s Around You Stay aware of your surroundings look left, overhead, right, center Use your mirrors Avoid tunnel vision

2D – Know What’s Around You : 

12 2D – Know What’s Around You Maintain a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you: Never tailgate Don’t be put in a panic situation Space gives you time to react and take evasive action, if necessary Maintain a least 4 seconds of following distance

2D – Know What’s Around You : 

13 2D – Know What’s Around You Maintain a space cushion around your vehicle: Manage 6 sides of your vehicle: front, back left side, right side, top and below Adjust your speed to keep space around your vehicle Never remain side by side with another vehicle Keep out of blind spots

2D –Know What’s Around You : 

14 2D –Know What’s Around You Don’t assume other driver’s intentions: Make no assumptions Use of turn signals Use caution at all times, especially when children are present

2D – Know What’s Around You : 

15 2D – Know What’s Around You Turns: Slow down and signal early Get in the proper lane ahead of time Look for pedestrians Be aware of trucks and buses

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

16 2D - Know What’s Around You Intersections: STOP! When a light turns yellow, slow down and stop Don’t run a red light – be aware of photo tickets! Never assume you have the right of way Use caution Stop two times: At the stop sign or light Again, after easing forward where you can see oncoming traffic

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

17 2D - Know What’s Around You Passing through intersections: Slow down and watch for other vehicles and pedestrians Bicyclist, motorcyclist, scooters, and inline skaters Do not pass in the intersection Approach with your foot on the brake – be prepared to stop You are responsible for getting through the intersection safely

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

18 2D - Know What’s Around You Entering An Expressway: Size up the traffic volume Start signaling early Build up speed in order to merge smoothly Watch for a sufficient opening Avoid unnecessary stopping Watch your mirrors Watch for oncoming traffic

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

19 2D - Know What’s Around You Leaving the Expressway: Signal and move into the appropriate lane as soon as possible Check all your mirrors continually monitoring the speed of traffic behind your vehicle on the ramp

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

20 2D - Know What’s Around You Safe Backing Practices: Get to know your vehicle’s blind spots Think in advance Know the clearances LOOK FOR CHILDREN PLAYING NEAR THE VEHICLE

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

21 2D - Know What’s Around You Safe Backing Practices Know the Clearances: Look for: Obstructions Low hanging wires Tree branches

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

22 2D - Know What’s Around You Safe Backing Practices When Driver’s Spot Themselves: Turn on your emergency flashers then… Conduct a “Circle of Safety” walk around Get back to the vehicle ASAP Give a couple of blasts on the horn just prior to backing up

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

23 2D - Know What’s Around You Speed and Stopping Distances Varies with speed It’s the total distance required to stop from the time you recognize the need for action (stopping) until the vehicle comes to a full stop

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

24 2D - Know What’s Around You Stopping distance is affected by: Weather Temperature Tire Condition Road Type At 50 mph in dry conditions, stopping distance = 245’ or approximately 16 car lengths

2D - Know What’s Around You : 

25 2D - Know What’s Around You At 30 mph in dry conditions, stopping distance = 90’ or approximately 9 car lengths At 60 mph in dry conditions, stopping distance = 360’ or approximately 24 car lengths At 70 mph in dry conditions, stopping distance = 540’ or approximately 36 car lengths

3D – Know Your Conditions : 

26 3D – Know Your Conditions Urban Area Driving – Make every effort to stay alert: Maintain a safe speed Turn carefully Keep looking around you Check all mirrors

3D – Know Your Conditions : 

27 Urban Area Driving – Be prepared for the unexpected Schools Road Construction Hospitals Shopping areas Bicycles Pedestrians Driveways Alleyways Delivery Vans 3D – Know Your Conditions

3D – Know Your Conditions : 

28 3D – Know Your Conditions Night Driving – Driver Precautions and Tips: Headlights on at twilight hours Make certain that headlights, windows and mirrors are clean and free of dirt, grime, road salt Train your eye not to look directly at the headlights of oncoming vehicles Do not stare at a fixed point in front of you, instead, continually look from left to right, front to back and close to far away

3D – Know Your Conditions : 

29 3D – Know Your Conditions Night Driving – Continued…. Allow for additional following and stopping distances Dim headlights as soon as possible when the oncoming vehicle comes into view. If you’re tired, DO NOT drive Watch for animals’ eyes

3D – Know Your Conditions : 

30 3D – Know Your Conditions Railroad Crossings: Stop no closer than 50’ of a RR crossing if it’s operating NEVER try to beat the train Use caution when approaching – don’t get “left out to dry” If in doubt, don’t cross the tracks

Remember : 

31 Remember 1st Dimension Prepare yourself and your vehicle 2nd Dimension Know what’s around you 3rd Dimension Know how to handle special driving conditions

Quiz : 

32 Quiz 1. Before getting in to a vehicle you should A. Wipe off your shoes B. Do a walk-around inspection C. Check the vehicle is clean D. Ensure the trunk is closed

Quiz : 

33 Quiz 1. Before getting in to a vehicle you should A. Wipe off your shoes B. Do a walk-around inspection C. Check the vehicle is clean D. Ensure the trunk is closed 2. Before placing vehicle in gear you should A. Adjust mirrors B. Ensure windshield is clean C. Fasten your seatbelt D. All of the above

Quiz : 

34 Quiz 1. Before getting in to a vehicle you should A. Wipe off your shoes B. Do a walk-around inspection C. Check the vehicle is clean D. Ensure the trunk is closed 2. Before placing vehicle in gear you should A. Adjust mirrors B. Ensure windshield is clean C. Fasten your seatbelt D. All of the above 3. Defensive Driving is A. An attitude about driving B. Not required at all times C. A way to drive faster D. required by law

Quiz : 

35 Quiz 4. Defensive drivers A. Drive very slowly B. Stop at Yield signs C. Stay alert for hazards D. Don’t allow passengers in the vehicle

Quiz : 

36 Quiz 4. Defensive drivers A. Drive very slowly B. Stop at Yield signs C. Stay alert for hazards D. Don’t allow passengers in the vehicle 5. Defensive Drivers A. Stop every 50 miles B. Do not weave in and out of traffic C. Recline in the seat D. Don’t use the car radio

Quiz : 

37 Quiz 4. Defensive drivers A. Drive very slowly B. Stop at Yield signs C. Stay alert for hazards D. Don’t allow passengers in the vehicle 5. Defensive Drivers A. Stop every 50 miles B. Do not weave in and out of traffic C. Recline in the seat D. Don’t use the car radio 6. Defensive Drivers A. Drive fast B. Look in the mirror half the time C. Move quickly through intersections D. Allow adequate following distance

Quiz : 

38 Quiz 7. Each week you should A. Get your car washed B. Check under the hood C. Check license plate D. Change the oil

Quiz : 

39 Quiz 7. Each week you should A. Get your car washed B. Check under the hood C. Check license plate D. Change the oil 8. When entering traffic you should A. Turn on your lights B. Wait for traffic to clear C. Look to the left D. Accelerate rapidly

Quiz : 

40 Quiz 7. Each week you should A. Get your car washed B. Check under the hood C. Check license plate D. Change the oil 8. When entering traffic you should A. Turn on your lights B. Wait for traffic to clear C. Look to the left D. Accelerate rapidly 9. When city driving, always be prepared for A. Rain or snow B. Police cars C. Starbucks D. Sudden stops ahead of you

Quiz : 

41 Quiz 10. In residential areas, look for A. Cross walks B. Fire hydrants C. Children and pets D. Traffic lights

Quiz : 

42 Quiz 10. In residential areas, look for A. Cross walks B. Fire hydrants C. Children and pets D. Traffic lights 11. For every 10 miles per hour speed on the highway, increase the following distance by A. One car length B. One-quarter mile C. One block D. Forty feet

Quiz : 

43 Quiz 10. In residential areas, look for A. Cross walks B. Fire hydrants C. Children and pets D. Traffic lights 11. For every 10 miles per hour speed on the highway, increase the following distance by A. One car length B. One-quarter mile C. One block D. Forty feet 12. Driving in a trucks blind-spot means A. You will get better gas mileage B. The truck driver cannot see you C. Others cannot pass you D. You are in the Safe Zone

Quiz Answers : 

44 Quiz Answers 1. Before getting in to a vehicle you should B. Do a walk-around inspection 2. Before placing vehicle in gear you should D. All of the above (Part of pre-vehicle inspection) 3. Defensive Driving is A. An attitude about driving 4. Defensive drivers C. Stay alert for hazards 5. Defensive Drivers B. Do not weave in and out of traffic 6. Defensive Drivers D. Allow adequate following distance 7. Each week you should B. Check under the hood 8. When entering traffic you should B. Wait for traffic to clear

Quiz Answers : 

45 Quiz Answers 9. When city driving, always be prepared for D. Sudden stops ahead of you 10. In residential areas, look for C. Children and pets 11. For every 10 miles per hour speed on the highway, increase the following distance by A. One car length 12. Driving in a truck’s blind-spot means B. The truck driver cannot see you

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