Reducing Your Risk For Heart Disease

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Presentation Transcript

Heart Disease:

Heart Disease Causes, Risks, and Treatment

Introduction:

Introduction Coronary disease is the leading cause of death of both men and women in the United States with 600,000 people dying annually. There are about 715,000 heart attacks in America each year with 525,000 of them being a person's first heart attack.

Introduction:

Introduction The rest consists of second and third attacks. Immediate treatment of early warning signs of heart attacks greatly increases the chance of survival. Reducing coronary disease risks through monitoring blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol, and not smoking are also effective ways to help prevent heart attacks.

Types of Heart Disease:

Types of Heart Disease There are many different types of heart disease including coronary artery disease, abnormal heart rhythms, heart failure, heart valve disease, cardiomyopathy, pericardial disease, aorta disease, and vascular disease. The diseases affect different parts of the heart but can all lead to heart failure and death.

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease :

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease Coronary artery disease is the hardening of the arteries in the heart due to fatty, calcified plaques being deposited in the arteries. This is called atherosclerosis. Eventually these arteries can no longer provide oxygen and nutrients to the heart or become clogged due to a small blood clot, causing a heart attack. This is the most common type of coronary disease and cause of heart attacks.

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease :

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease Heart disease is a genetic condition and those with a family history of heart attacks are more predisposed to them. It is also linked to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, smoking, stress, and lack of exercise.

Treatment:

Treatment Treatment of heart attacks varies by the type of disease leading to the attack. Victims are immediately hospitalized in coronary care units and are under observation for at least 36 hours. They are given a painkiller, a vasodilator to help open up the arteries, a beta-adrenergic blocker to relax the heart, and aspirin to reduce further clotting of the blood.

Treatment:

Treatment In some cases, emergency surgery is the only option for a heart attack patient to remove a clot in an artery or to bypass the blocked artery completely. If a patient experiences an arrhythmia where the heart begins to beat erratically, they are given an electric shock to the chest to attempt to restore a normal heart rhythm.

Treatment:

Treatment Heart attack survivors are told to start moving and engage in gentle exercise as soon as possible to avoid further blood clotting. They are also told to take aspirin daily to thin the blood and help prevent clotting. Surgical methods can also help clear the plaque out of arteries or bypass the clogged artery.

Prevention:

Prevention There are several risk factors that are directly linked to coronary disease. Smokers have over twice the risk of having a heart attack compared to non-smokers. A diet low in cholesterol also significantly reduces the risk of disease as does keeping blood pressure at healthy levels. Exercise also greatly decreases disease levels and can help prevent obesity.

Prevention:

Prevention Even low intensity exercise such as gardening or walking can help. Good nutrition is one of the easiest ways to prevent coronary disease. A diet that is low in fat and cholesterol and high in vitamins and antioxidants will lower risk significantly.

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