Constitution Day (2011)

Category: Education

Presentation Description

Created By: Jennifer Hart


Presentation Transcript

Slide 1:

The American Constitution a nd The Bill of Rights

Slide 2:

Maryland Delegates to the Constitution Maryland sent five delegates to the Constitutional Convention James McHenry (signed the Constitution) Daniel Carroll (signed the Constitution) Daniel of St. Thomas of Jenifer (signed the Constitution) Luther Martin John Francis Mercer James McHenry Daniel Carroll Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer Luther Martin John Francis Mercer Photos can be found at :The National Archives

Slide 3:

Delegates from the states wanted a document that would define us as a nation. They met from May, 1787, to August, 1787. The finished document was also called the Great Compromise. The Constitution was finished Sept. 12, 1787, and ratified by the states on June 21, 1788. Formation of the Constitution

Slide 4:

The Bill of Rights and the Amendments The Bill of Rights is the first ten Amendments of the Constitution. The delegates felt that these were needed to ensure the freedoms of citizens of the United States of America. Seventeen additional amendments have been added to the constitution . The most well known Amendments are: 13 th : Abolishment of Slavery 14 th : Citizenship cannot be denied on basis of race and color. 15 th & 19 th : Guarantee of right to vote 21 st : Repeal of prohibition

Slide 5:

The First Amendment “Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or to the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”

Slide 6:

The Freedom to Worship The Freedom to Worship is one of the most debated rights in the Constitution. Much of the debate focuses on the intent and meaning of the phrases “establishment of religion” and “the separation of Church and State.”

Slide 7:

The Establishment of Religion What did the founding fathers mean by the “establishment of religion?” Did they mean that religion should be removed from the government and not involved in the public sector ? Did they mean that the government could not make any laws establishing a particular religion or denomination of a religion ?

Slide 8:

Separation of Church and State This phrase is not found in the Constitution. The phrase was written in a reply letter by then President Thomas Jefferson to the Danbury Baptist Association. President Thomas Jefferson’s letter was also used in two supreme court cases. What did Thomas Jefferson mean by “separation of church and state.” Thomas Jefferson did not write the Constitution nor did he attend the Constitutional Convention.

Slide 9:

Danbury Baptist Association Many Baptist were against the centralization of the government power. They felt the right to worship and practice religion was a right from God (inalienable) and not from the government ( alienable). Concerned that the government may interfere, members of the Association wrote to then President Thomas Jefferson about their concerns. Letter can be found at: The National Archives

Slide 10:

Thomas Jefferson’s Reply Thomas Jefferson’s reply affirmed his belief that the constitution guarantees that our government cannot regulate, restrict, or interfere with religious freedom. In his reply Thomas Jefferson used the phrase “thus building a wall of separation between Church and State.” Letter can be found at: The National Archives

Slide 11:

The Supreme Court Cases In the case of Reynolds v. United States in 1878 the court used Thomas Jefferson’s letter in their decision about the First Amendment focusing on the entire letter . In the case Everson V. Board of Education the court focused on the phrase “thus building a wall of separation between Church and State.” Thomas Jefferson’s letter has been used on other court cases about the First Amendment.

Slide 12:

This presentation is an overview of the Constitution and the First Amendment. To find out more information about the Constitution and the Amendments contact: Harford Community College Library BenGuide-The Government Printing Office The Library of Congress The National Archives Wall Builders

Slide 13:

Citation Barton, David . The Separation of Church and State. Retrieved July 20, 2011, from Danbury Baptist Association Letter. Retrieved July 20, 2011, from . History of the Constitution . Retrieved August 19, 2005, from . Jefferson’s Letter to the Danbury Baptist . Retrieved July 20, 2011 , from Jefferson’s Letter to the Danbury Baptist Association. Retrieved July 20, 2011, from Letter of Oct.7, 1801 from Danbury (CT) Baptist Association to Thoma s Jefferson . Thomas Jefferson Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Wash. D.C. The Founding Fathers: Maryland. Retrieved August 11, 2011, from . Thomas Jefferson. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson . Albert E. Bergh , ed. (Washington D.C. :The Thomas Jefferson Memorial of the U.S., 1904). Vol.xx1,pp.281-282.

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