lifestyle-diseases

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Lifestyle Diseases:

What are lifestyle diseases? Lifestyle Diseases

Lifestyle Diseases:

Lifestyle Diseases They are diseases that are caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors. Causes: a person’s Habits Behaviors Practices

Controllable Risk Factors:

Controllable Risk Factors Your diet and body weight Your daily levels of physical activity Your level of sun exposure Smoking and alcohol abuse

Uncontrollable Risk Factors:

Uncontrollable Risk Factors Age- the body has a harder time protecting itself as it ages. Gender - certain diseases are more common among members of one gender (men- heart disease, women- breast cancer) Ethnicity- African Americans are more likely to develop high blood pressure, Mexican Americans- higher risk of diabetes, Asians lower risk of heart disease, European decent- higher risk of heart disease. Heredity- You can inherit chances of developing certain disease just as you inherit your hair or eye color.

Lifestyle Diseases:

Lifestyle Diseases Types

Cardiovascular Diseases:

Cardiovascular Diseases The diseases and disorders that result from progressive damage to the heart and blood vessels. Treating cardiovascular diseases: Diet and Exercise , Medicines, Surgery, Angioplasty, Pacemakers , Transplants Preventing cardiovascular diseases: Relax , trim the fat, hold the salt , keep your weight healthy, don’t smoke, get moving

Cancer:

Cancer A disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth. Tumors are a mass of uncontrolled growing cells that form a clump. Malignant- invade and destroys healthy tissue Benign- harmless cell mass Causes: Certain viruses (HPV) Radiation (UV rays, X-rays) Chemicals in tobacco smoke Asbestos (material used in fireproofing)

Types of Cancer:

Types of Cancer Breast Prostate Respiratory Colon Urinary Lymphoma Skin Leukemia Ovarian Cervical

Detecting Treating:

Detecting Treating Self-exam Biopsy X rays MRI Blood and DNA tests Surgery-remove tissue Chemotherapy-use of drugs Radiation therapy-beam of radiation to fire at a tumor Combination- use any or all treatments

Preventing Cancer:

Preventing Cancer Don’t’ smoke! Wear sunscreen; stay away from tanning beds Eat your veggies and cut the fat Stay active Get regular medical check-ups

Diabetes:

Diabetes A disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high blood-glucose levels result. Type 1- body’s inability to produce insulin (born with) Type 2- body’s inability to respond to insulin (develop)

Hereditary Diseases:

Hereditary Diseases Diseases caused by abnormal chromosomes or by defective genes inherited from one or both parents. Single-cell diseases- when one gene out of 30,000 to 40,000 genes has a harmful mutation. Complex Diseases- More than one gene influences the onset of a disease.

Immune Disorders:

Immune Disorders The immune system does not function properly resulting in a immune disorder. Some are relatively mild (allergies); others can be life threatening(AIDS)

Autoimmune Diseases:

Autoimmune Diseases The immune system attacks the cells of the body that it normally protects. Depending on the cells of the body destroyed, these attacks can result in many conditions.

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