ROLE OF MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIES

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ROLE OF MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIES, INTRODUCTION, Material Transport Equipment, Classification Of MH Equipment, Role of material handling in supply chain

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ROLE OF MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIES:

ROLE OF MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIES

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Material handling can be defined as an integrated system involving such activities as moving, handling, storing and controlling of materials by means of gravity, manual effort or power activated machinery. Moving materials utilize time and space. Any movement of materials requires that the size, shape, weight and condition of the material, as well as the path and frequency of the move be analyzed. Storing materials provide a buffer between operations. It facilitates the efficient use of people and machines and provides an efficient organization of materials.

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Material handling is an important area of concern in flexible manufacturing systems because more than 80 % of time that material spends on a shop floor is spent either in waiting or in transportation, although both these activities are non-value added activities. Efficient material handling is needed for less congestion, timely delivery and reduced idle time of machines due to non-availability or accumulation of materials at workstations. Safe handling of materials is important in a plant as it reduces wastage, breakage, loss and scrapes etc.

Material Transport Equipment:

Material Transport Equipment International Materials Management Society has classified equipment as (1) conveyor, (2) cranes, elevators, and hoists, (3)positioning, weighing, and control equipment, (4) industrial vehicles, (5) motor vehicles, (6) railroad cars, (7) marine carriers, (8) aircraft, and (9) containers and supports.

Classification Of MH Equipment:

Classification Of MH Equipment

Role of material handling in supply chain:

Role of material handling in supply chain In the last several years material handling has become a new, complex, and rapidly evolving science. For moving material in and out of warehouse many types of equipment and system are in use, depending on the type of products and volume to be handled. The equipment is used, in loading and unloading operations, for movement of goods over short distances. The handling of material in warehouse is restricted to unitized forms, which require smaller size equipment. However, for bulk handling of material at logistics nodes such as shipyards, ports and airports different type of equipment is used. In warehouses, material handling operation is performed at the following stages:

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Unloading the incoming material from transport vehicle. Moving the unloaded material to assigned storage place in warehouses. Lifting the material from its storage place during order picking. Moving the material for inspection and packing. Loading packages/boxes/cartons on to transport vehicles.

MATERIAL HANDLING INTERESTS AND ACTIVITIES:

MATERIAL HANDLING INTERESTS AND ACTIVITIES

ROBOT APPLICATION IN MH SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIES:

ROBOT APPLICATION IN MH SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIES 1. Industrial robots are used to load/ unload materials during operations. 2. These are used to transfer the material from one conveyor to another. 3. These are used in palletizing and de-palletizing in such a way that parts/ materials are taken from conveyor and are loaded on to a pallet in a desired pattern and sequence and vice-versa. 4. These are very effective in automated assembly where repetitive work is required. 5. Intelligent robots can be used to automatically pick the right work piece without interference of operator and hence improves quality and pace of work.

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The End

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