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Brand Identity : 

Brand Identity

What… : 

What… Brand Identity is a unique set of brand associations that the brand strategist aspires to create or maintain. These associations represent what the brand stand for and imply a promise to customers from the organization members.

The importance… : 

The importance… What are my core values? What do I stand for? How do I want to be perceived? What personality traits do I want to project? What are the important relationships in my life?

Why… : 

Why… Brand Identity provides direction, purpose and meaning for the brand It is central to a brand’s strategic vision It is the driver of one of the four principal dimensions of brand equity Namely, Associations

Why… : 

Why… There is value in expanding the concept of a brand A limited/tactical perspective inhibits strategists from building a strong brand even when potential exists To achieve maximum brand strength: Scope of a brand identity should be broad rather than narrow Thrust should be strategic rather than tactical There should be internal and external focus to brand creation

Brand Identity Traps : 

Brand Identity Traps

Brand identity traps : 

Brand identity traps Critical to understand what brand identity is and is not Four traps represent approaches to creating an identity that are: Excessively limiting or tactical and… That can lead to ineffective and often dysfunctional brand strategies Needless to say, they need to be avoided!

Brand identity traps : 

Brand identity traps The Brand Image Trap The Brand Position Trap The External Perspective Trap The Product-Attribute Fixation Trap

The brand image trap : 

The brand image trap Brand image is how customers perceive the brand It provides useful and necessary background information when developing brand identity A brand image trap results when efforts to go beyond the brand image is lacking The brand image becomes the brand identity rather than just one input to be considered

The brand image trap : 

The brand image trap Brand Image Is passive and looks to the past Tends to be tactical Might not be salient Brand Identity Should be active and look to the future, reflecting associations aspired for brand Should be strategic, reflecting a business strategy leading to sustainable advantage Should reflect brand’s enduring qualities

The brand position trap : 

The brand position trap A brand position is the part of brand identity and value proposition that is to be communicated and that demonstrates an advantage over competing brands The Brand Position trap occurs when the search for a brand identity becomes a search for a brand position This inhibits evolution of a full-fledged brand identity

The external perspective trap : 

The external perspective trap This occurs when firms fail to realize role that brand identity plays in helping organization understand its basic values and purpose It is hard to expect employees to make a vision happen if they do not understand and buy into that vision

The product-attribute fixation trap : 

The product-attribute fixation trap Here the strategic and tactical management of the brand is focused solely on product attributes Attributes are not the only relevant bases for customer decisions and competitive dynamics A brand is more than a product

The product-attribute fixation trap : 

The product-attribute fixation trap This trap is often caused in part by a reliance on research focusing on attributes Product attributes as the basis for brand identity have important limitations: They fail to differentiate They are easy to copy They assume a rational customer They reduce strategic flexibility

Related constructs : 

Related constructs Brand Image How the brand is now perceived Brand Identity How strategists want the brand to be perceived Brand Position The part of the brand identity & value proposition to be actively communicated to a target audience

Broadening the concept of a brand : 

Broadening the concept of a brand The key to developing a strong brand identity is to broaden the brand concept to include other dimensions / perspectives A brand identity planning would result in a brand identity system Here, the brand identity provides a value proposition and results in a strong brand-customer relationship

Breaking out of the traps : 

Breaking out of the traps To help break out of the traps, brand strategists should consider the brand as: Product Organization Person Symbol The objective is to help consider different brand elements and patterns that can help clarify, enrich and differentiate an identity

Breaking out of the traps : 

Breaking out of the traps Not every brand identity needs to employ all or even several of these perspectives For some brands, one will be viable / appropriate However, each brand should consider all and use those that help in articulating what brand should stand for in the customer’s mind

The brand-as-product : 

The brand-as-product Product-related associations will almost be an important part of a brand identity They are directly linked to brand choice decisions/use experience The product scope Product related attributes Quality / Value Association with use occasion Association with users Link to a country or region

The brand-as-organization : 

The brand-as-organization This perspective focuses on attributes of organization rather than those of the product Organizational attributes are enduring / resistant to competitive claims than are product attributes It is much easier to copy a product than to duplicate an organization with unique people, values & programmes Organizational attributes usually apply to set of product class, & competitor in 1 product class may find difficult to compete Organizational attributes like being innovative is hard to evaluate / communicate and it is difficult for competitors to demonstrate that they have overcome any perceived gap

The brand-as-person : 

The brand-as-person This perspective suggests brand identity that’s richer/ more interesting than one based on product attributes Brand personality can create a stronger brand in several ways: Help create a self-expressive benefit that becomes a vehicle for customer to express his/her personality Can be the basis of relationship between customer and brand Help communicate a product attribute and thus contribute to a functional benefit

Brand-as-symbol : 

Brand-as-symbol This perspective can provide cohesion and structure to an identity and make it easier to gain recognition and recall Elevating symbols to the status of being part of the identity reflects their potential power Visual Imagery: Nike’s swoosh, McDonald’s arches Metaphors: Energizer bunny, Rin’s lightening Heritage: Amul, Aavin, Vicks, Doordarshan

The Identity Structure : 

The Identity Structure

The core identity : 

The core identity Represents the timeless essence of the brand Associations that are mostly constant as the brand travels to new markets More resistant to change Includes elements that make the brand both unique and valuable

The core identity: Examples : 

The core identity: Examples McDonald’s Value Offering, Quality, Service, Cleanliness, User Nike Product thrust, User, Performance, Enhancing lives Close Up Gel form, User, Red colour

The extended identity : 

The extended identity Includes elements that provide texture and completeness Fills in the picture, adding details that help portray what the brand stands for

The extended identity: Examples : 

The extended identity: Examples McDonald’s Sub-brands, Logo, Characters, Convenience Nike Personality, Logo, Sub-brands, Slogan, Endorsers Close Up Mnemonic, Variants, Packaging

The identity structure : 

The identity structure Core identity for a strong brand should be more resistant to change than elements of extended identity Within a product class, a larger extended identity means a stronger brand One that is more memorable, interesting, and connected to the customer’s life

Value Proposition : 

Value Proposition

Value proposition : 

Value proposition A brand’s value proposition is a statement of the functional, emotional and self-expressive benefits delivered by the brand that provide value to the customer

Value proposition : 

Value proposition An effective value proposition should lead to a brand-customer relationship and drive purchase decisions

Functional benefits : 

Functional benefits Benefit based on a product attribute that provides functional utility to the customer Most visible and common basis for value proposition Such a benefit will usually relate directly to the functions performed by the product If a brand can dominate a key functional benefit, it can dominate a category Close up and fresh breath Surf and stain removal

Emotional benefits : 

Emotional benefits When purchase or use of a brand gives a positive feeling, that brand is providing an emotional benefit Emotional benefit adds richness and depth to the experience of owning and using the brand Most functional benefits will have a corresponding feeling or set of feelings Freshness and confidence, in the case of DFT

Self-Expressive benefits : 

Self-Expressive benefits A brand can provide a self-expressive benefit by providing a way for a customer to communicate his/her self-image Purchase and use of brands is one way to fulfill the need for self-expression Feeling ‘smart’ by buying Surf The ‘can do’ attitude by wearing a Nike

Self-expressive Vs Emotional benefits : 

Self-expressive Vs Emotional benefits Emotional Benefits Feelings Private products viz., books, soaps etc., More transitory Consequence of using the product Self-expressive Benefits Self Public setting/products viz., cars, apparels etc., Permanent, linked to consumer’s personality Act of using the product

Critical Supports : 

Critical Supports

Critical supports : 

Critical supports Critical supports are also known as ‘reason to believe’ or ‘reason why’ The evidence that shows how and why the brand is better than alternative brands Provides credibility They could have a rational component and/or an psychological component

Critical supports: Manifestations : 

Critical supports: Manifestations RTB can manifest in many ways Superior product details Expert endorsements Emotional reasons related to the values of the brand Demonstrations Heritage

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