NURS 231- Crohn's Disease

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Crohns Disease:

Crohns Disease Chanelle Kayser , Megan Roth, Meghan Adams

What is it?:

What is it? Inflammatory Bowel Disease Digest Food Absorb Nutrients Eliminate Waste

Risk Factors:

Risk Factors Age Smoking Genetics Ethnicity

Physiology :

Physiology

Physiology:

Physiology

Activities of the GI tract:

Activities of the GI tract Ingestion Propulsion Mechanical breakdown Digestion Absorption D efecation

Slide10:

Nutrients move into the blood and lymph vessels through diffusion

Pathophysiology:

Pathophysiology

Slide13:

Normally In Crohn’s

Release of Inflammatory Chemicals:

Release of Inflammatory Chemicals Histamine Complement Kinins Prostaglandins Leukocytosis inducing factors

Slide15:

Resulting in: Attraction of neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes to the affected area

Symptoms:

Symptoms Fever & Fatigue Abdominal Cramps Both due to inflammation or infection of the GI tract

Slide19:

Loss of appetite/weight loss Change in bowel habits/diarrhea

Slide20:

Rectal Bleeding Due to: intestinal stiffness and narrowing Delayed growth and development Most serious symptoms: Inflammation of joints, eyes and skin Ulcers and/or fistulas

Treatment :

Treatment There is no cure for Crohn’s disease

Can be managed through::

Can be managed through: Diet and Nutrition Medications Surgery

Key Concepts:

Key Concepts

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