logging in or signing up Pediatric Nursing Care overview hamayun2012 Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 481 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: March 12, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Unit 2 Pediatric Nursing: Unit 2 Pediatric NursingCommunicating With Infants and Young Children: Communicating With Infants and Young Children Infants respond to sounds and actions. Distrust of strangers may last through the first 3 or 4 years of life. Get down on their eye level. The perceptions of young children are literal.Communicating With School-Age Children: Communicating With School-Age Children Interested in knowing what and why Simple explanations that help them understand how equipment works are important. These children will ask more questions if their curiosity is not satisfied.Communicating With Adolescents: Communicating With Adolescents Young teenagers frequently waver between thinking like children and like adults. Teens may need to relate information that they do not wish others to know, and a discussion about confidentiality may ease their concerns. The nurse should listen attentively in an open-minded, nonjudgmental way.Communicating With Family Caregivers: Communicating With Family Caregivers Keep family caregivers well informed about what is happening and being planned for their child. Some caregivers are so anxious and apprehensive that they communicate their concerns and negative reactions to the child rather than provide support.Health Maintenance: Health Maintenance Routine well-baby or well-child visits are recommended throughout childhood. Dental caries (cavities) are a major health problem in children and adolescents. Protection against disease in the form of immunizations is available against several serious or disabling diseases.Pediatric Assessment: Pediatric Assessment Collecting Subjective Data Conducting the Client and Family Interview Obtaining a Client HistoryCollecting Objective Data: Collecting Objective Data General Status Observing General Appearance Noting Psychological Status and Behavior Measuring Height and Weight Measuring Head Circumference Vital SignsProviding a Physical Examination : Providing a Physical Examination Head and Neck Chest and Lungs Abdomen Genitalia and Rectum Back and Extremities NeurologicHospitalized Child: Hospitalized Child Pediatric Unit Infection Control Caregiver Participation Child Undergoing Surgery PlayAssisting with Basic Needs: Assisting with Basic Needs Nutrition Intake Measurement Gavage Feeding Gastrostomy Feeding Safety Pain Management OxygenationAssisting With Basic Needs: Assisting With Basic Needs Elimination - Output Measurement - Specimen Collection Positioning - Restraints - Transporting - Holding - SleepingMedication Administration: Medication Administration Evaluate each child from a developmental point of view to administer medications successfully. Always calculate the drug dosage to ensure administration of the correct dosage. Oral medications may be given to infants through a nipple, with a medicine dropper, or with an oral syringe. Medications should not be given in food.Infants: 28 Days To 1 Year: Infants: 28 Days To 1 Year Trust Versus Mistrust Physical Characteristics Social Characteristics Nursing Implications In the Health Care FacilityToddler: 1 To 3 Years: Toddler: 1 To 3 Years Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt Physical Characteristics Social Characteristics Nursing Implications In the Health Care FacilityPreschool Child: 3 To 6 Years: Preschool Child: 3 To 6 Years Initiative Versus Guilt Physical Characteristics Social Characteristics Nursing Implications In the Health Care FacilitySchool-age Child: 6 To 12 Years: School-age Child: 6 To 12 Years Industry Versus Inferiority Physical Characteristics Social Characteristics Nursing Implications In the Health Care FacilityPreadolescent: Ages 10 to 12: Preadolescent: Ages 10 to 12 Physical Characteristics Preparation for AdolescenceAdolescent: Ages 12 to 18: Adolescent: Ages 12 to 18 Ego Identity Versus Role Confusion Physical Characteristics Social Characteristics Nursing Implications In the Health Care FacilityDevelopmental Disorders: Developmental Disorders Autism: pervasive developmental disorder Down Syndrome: trisomy 21 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Lead Poisoning (Plumbism)Mental Retardation : Mental Retardation The most common classification of mental retardation is based on IQ. Medical Management: goal is to keep child in home environmentNursing Process: The Child With Cognitive Impairment : Nursing Process: The Child With Cognitive Impairment Self-Care Deficit: Bathing/Hygiene, Dressing/Grooming, Feeding, Toileting related to cognitive or neuromuscular impairment (or both) Impaired Verbal Communication related to impaired receptive or expressive skills Delayed Growth and Development related to physical and mental disabilityThe Child With Cognitive Impairment (Continued): The Child With Cognitive Impairment (Continued) Compromised Family Coping related to emotional stress or grief Risk for Social Isolation (family or child) related to fear of and embarrassment about the child’s behavior or appearanceAttention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder: Attention Deficit–Hyperactivity Disorder Syndrome characterized by degrees of inattention, impulsive behavior, and hyperactivity Medical Management: treatment is multidisciplinary Stimulants Nursing Management Build the child’s self-esteem, confidence, and academic successChild Abuse and Neglect: Child Abuse and Neglect Dysfunctional family State laws require health care personnel to report suspected child abuse Physical Abuse Emotional Abuse and Neglect Sexual Abuse Nursing Management for the Abused or Neglected ChildNonorganic Failure to Thrive: Nonorganic Failure to Thrive Children who fail to gain weight and show signs of delayed development Organic failure to thrive: result of a disease condition Nonorganic failure to thrive (NFTT): no apparent physical cause Medical ManagementNursing Process: The Child With Nonorganic Failure to Thrive: Nursing Process: The Child With Nonorganic Failure to Thrive Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to inadequate intake of calories Risk for Delayed Growth and Development related to physical or emotional neglect, lack of stimulation and insufficient nurturing Impaired Parenting related to lack of knowledge and confidence in parenting skillsRespiratory Disorders: Respiratory Disorders Acute Bronchiolitis/Respiratory Syncytial Virus Croup Syndromes Spasmodic Laryngitis Acute LaryngotracheobronchitisNursing Process: The Child With a Respiratory Disorder: Nursing Process: The Child With a Respiratory Disorder Ineffective Airway Clearance related to obstruction associated with edema, mucous secretions, nasal and chest congestion Impaired Gas Exchange related to inflammatory process Risk for Deficient Fluid Volume related to respiratory fluid loss, fever, and difficulty swallowing Compromised Family Coping related to child’s respiratory symptoms and illnessCystic Fibrosis: Cystic Fibrosis Assessment Medical Management Pulmonary treatment Dietary treatment Home care Nursing ManagementSudden Infant Death Syndrome: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Leading cause of infant mortality worldwide No single cause has been identified; SIDS can neither be prevented nor predicted. American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants must be placed in a supine position to sleep. Referrals should be made to the local chapter of the National SIDS Foundation.Cardiovascular and Hematopoietic Disorders: Cardiovascular and Hematopoietic Disorders Congenital Heart Disease Congenital Heart Defects Ventricular Septal Defect Atrial Septal Defects Patent Ductus Arteriosus Coarctation of the Aorta Tetralogy of Fallot Transposition of the Great ArteriesCardiovascular and Hematopoietic Disorders (Continued): Cardiovascular and Hematopoietic Disorders (Continued) Rheumatic Fever Kawasaki Disease Hemophilia Factor VIII Deficiency (Hemophilia A; Antihemophilic Globulin Deficiency; Classic Hemophilia) Factor IX Deficiency (Hemophilia B; Plasma Thromboplastin Component Deficiency; Christmas Disease)Neurologic Disorders: Neurologic Disorders Cerebral Palsy Ataxia type Rigidity type Mixed type Hydrocephalus Ventriculoperitoneal shuntingNursing Process: Postoperative Care of a Child With a Shunt Placement: Nursing Process: Postoperative Care of a Child With a Shunt Placement Risk for Ineffective Cerebral Tissue Perfusion related to IICP Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity related to pressure from physical immobility Risk for Infection related to the shunt Risk for Delayed Growth and Development related to impaired ability to achieve developmental tasks Anxiety related to family caregivers’ fear of surgical outcomeHaemophilus influenzae Meningitis: Haemophilus influenzae Meningitis Assessment Medical Management : The child is initially isolated and treatment is started using IV administration of antibiotics. Nursing Management Closely monitor the child for signs of IICP. Side-lying position with the neck supported and head elevatedReye Syndrome: Reye Syndrome Assessment : symptoms appear within 3 to 5 days after the initial illness Medical Management: improving respiratory function, reducing cerebral edema, and controlling hypoglycemia Nursing Management Accurate intake and output Avoid giving aspirin to childrenSpina Bifida: Spina Bifida Failure of the posterior laminae of the vertebrae to close as a result of a defect in the neural arch, generally in the lumbosacral region Surgery is required to close the open defect Nursing Management Until surgery is performed, the sac must be covered with a sterile dressing moistened in a warm sterile solution.Sensory Disorders: Sensory Disorders Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Vision Impairment Hearing ImpairmentGastrointestinal Disorders: Gastrointestinal Disorders Celiac Syndrome/Gluten-Induced Enteropathy Colic Diarrhea and Gastroenteritis HerniasGastrointestinal Disorders (Continued): Gastrointestinal Disorders (Continued) Congenital Aganglionic Megacolon Intussusception Pyloric Stenosis Type 1 Diabetes MellitusUrinary and Renal Disorders: Urinary and Renal Disorders Cryptorchidism Hydrocele Enuresis Encopresis Exstrophy of the Bladder Hypospadias and Epispadias Nephrotic SyndromeNursing Process: The Child With Nephrotic Syndrome: Nursing Process: The Child With Nephrotic Syndrome Excess Fluid Volume related to fluid accumulation in tissues and third spaces Risk for Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to anorexia Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity related to edema Fatigue related to edema and disease process Risk for Infection related to immunosuppression Deficient Caregiver Knowledge related to disease process, treatment, and home careUrinary and Renal Disorders (Continued): Urinary and Renal Disorders (Continued) Urinary Tract Infections Wilms’ Tumor (Nephroblastoma)Musculoskeletal Disorders: Musculoskeletal Disorders Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Hip DysplasiaNursing Process: The Child in an Orthopedic Device or Cast: Nursing Process: The Child in an Orthopedic Device or Cast Acute Pain related to discomfort of orthopedic device or cast Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity related to pressure of the cast on the skin surface Risk for Delayed Growth and Development related to restricted mobility secondary to orthopedic device or cast Deficient Knowledge of family caregivers related to home care of the child in the orthopedic device or castMusculoskeletal Disorders (Continued): Musculoskeletal Disorders (Continued) Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (Coxa Plana) Muscular Dystrophy Scoliosis Talipes EquinovarusIntegumentary Disorders: Integumentary Disorders Candidiasis Diaper Rash Acute Infantile Eczema Fungal Infections Impetigo Parasitic InfectionsImmune Disorders: Immune Disorders Communicable Diseases Infectious Mononucleosis You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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