NLE La 2 Punic wars

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NLE La 2 Punic Wars

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Punic Wars:

Punic Wars Carthage founded by Dido of Phoenicia

1st war – 264-241 b.c.:

1 st war – 264-241 b.c . Fought on sea Roman ships with corvus Roman gains – Sicily, and later Sardinia, Corsica

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Loss of fleet

2nd Punic War – 218-201 b.c.:

2 nd Punic War – 218-201 b.c .

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Establishment of Carthago Nova Hasdrubal, son-in-law of Hamilcar Hamilcar Barca , father of Hannibal Hannibal swore on altar at age 9

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Hannibal attacks Saguntum , a Roman ally Rome too slow to come to aid After an 8 month seige , Saguntum falls

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Hannibal crosses the Pyrennes , then the Rhone

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And finally, the Alps The Roman writer, Livy, describes the loss of men and elephants

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Hannibal surrounds and defeats the Romans at the Ticinus River, then at the Trebia River. He pushes the Romans into Lake Trasimenus Lake Trasimene

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Quintus Fabius Maximus , appointed Dictator does not engage Hannibal. Thus called the delayer ( Cunctator )

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The Cunctator is replaced By Consuls Varro and Paullus who engage Hannibal at Cannae

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http://www.veoh.com/browse/videos/category/educational/watch/v4265394MqfAnH9 The consuls and the 50,000 Roman troops are killed

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http://www.theartofbattle.com/battle-of-zama-202-bc.htm Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus , son of the P. Cornelius Scipio killed earlier in the war in Spain, heads to Africa and defeats Hannibal at Zama in 202 b.c .

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Roman gains Spain Carthaginian navy except for 10 ships Carthage couldn’t wage war without Rome’s consent Harbor of Carthage One of the wonders of the Roman age

3rd War 149-164 b.c.:

3 rd War 149-164 b.c . Marcus Porcius Cato ended every speech with Carthago delenda est = Carthage must be Destroyed When Carthage began to fight the invading Numidians , Rome went to war with Carthage led by Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus , adopted grandson of Scipio Africanus Roman gains Carthage destroyed Citizens sold into slavery Fields sprinkled with salt Later, Romans built a new city on the site whose ruins can be seen today

Bibliography:

Bibliography Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome by Constable The Roman World by Mantin and Pulley The Romans and Their Empire by Cairns The Roman World by Corbishley The Romans by Burrell/Connolly Internet Personal photos Prepared by Judith Hahn, 2011

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