NLE 2 culture

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NLE La 2 culture

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NLE 2:

NLE 2 Recreation and Entertainment

Stage Performances:

Stage Performances 2 Plautus and Terence – writers of Roman comedy

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3 Males played parts of women Masks with mouth acting as megaphone wigs – old man white; slave red; prostitute yellow

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4 Large theater in Pompeii held 5,000 people 1 stage, scaena 2 Orchestra – seating for important people 3 ima cavea – musicians and town council 4media cavea - men 5 summa cavea – women and slaves

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5 Scenery ( Scaena frons ) was three houses – all action took place on the street The curtain was raised from the floor up

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6 A velarium or awning shielded the spectators from the sun

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7 Large theater in Pompeii For plays

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8 Odeon – small theater in Pompeii For concerts

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9 Theater in Ostia

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10 Marcellus Balbus Pompey Odeon Domitian Theater of Marcellus

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11 Theater in Saepinum

Roman Baths Thermae:

Roman Baths Thermae 12

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13

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14 Balneum – private bath In the home of Valerius in Pompeii Apodyterium – frigidarium – tepidarium – caldarium – boiler room

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15 Men’s section – Women’s section Stabian baths In Pompeii

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16 Apodyterium and frigidarium Women’s baths

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17 Apodyterium

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18 Palaestra Wrestling Ball games bowling

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19 Palaestra luctari

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20 Unguentum strigiles

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21 Piscina Outdoor pool Indoor pools

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22 strigil Caldarium Cold splash hypocaust

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23 The hypocaust system

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24 Sauna in Pompeii

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25 apodyterium tepidarium main furnace tepidarium frigidarium caldarium women’s caldarium apodyterium and frigidarium

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26 Baths of Diocletian Rome

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27 Baths at Hadrian’s Villa North of Rome

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28 Baths of Caracalla Rome

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29 Baths in Ostia Rome’s sea port

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30 Pompeii baths

Chariot Racing = Ludi Circenses:

Chariot Racing = Ludi Circenses 31 Circus Maximus

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32 spina

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33 Auriga quadrigae

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34 Circus Maximus in Rome Largest – 250,000 spectators eggs

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35 Ben Hur

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36 Counter clockwise meta Dolphins 7 laps Mappa begins race

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37 Red, white, blue, green Knucklebones for betting on the races

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38 Circus of Maxentius Rome

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39 Domitian’s Stadium Today Piazza Navona

Gladiatores = gladiators:

Gladiatores = gladiators 40

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41 Lanista = gladiator trainer Ludus gladiatorius

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42 Ludus gladiatorius

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43 Retiarius – net and trident

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44 Secutor chased the net men

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45 Murmillo – fish engraved on helmet Hoplomachus Heavily armed, small round shield

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46 Named after their place of origin

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47 Venatio = wild beast hunt Bestiarii = wild beast hunters

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48

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49 Tuba Horn to end the fight Gladiator cornu found in Pompeii

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50 Wooden sword = freedom at last

Amphitheatrum Flavian amphitheater Colosseum:

Amphitheatrum Flavian amphitheater Colosseum 51 Flavian emperors Vespasian Titus Domitian 50,000

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52 Ave, Caesar! Morituri te salutamus .

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53 Arena = sand

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54

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55

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56

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57 bollard Velarium = awning

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58 Shards of pottery used for entrance with gate marked on them

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59

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60

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61

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62 Puteoli Modern Pozzuoli Near Pompeii

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63 Capua 2 nd largest amphitheater in Roman world handrails

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64 Amphitheater in Pompeii

Bibliography:

Bibliography The Roman World by Mantin & Pulley The Romans by Peter Chrisp How Do We Know About the Romans? By Mike Corbishley Ancient Rome by Simon James The Romans by John Haywood You Wouldn’t Want to Be a Roman Gladiator by John Malam Ancient Rome by Peter Connolly Pompeii by Ian Andrews 2/12/2012 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com 65

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Ancient Rome by Anne Millard Who were the Romans? By Roxbee Cox See Inside a Roman Town by R.J. Unstead Living in Roman Times by Jane Chisholm Personal photos by Judith Hahn 2/12/2012 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com 66

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2/12/2012 Template copyright 2005 www.brainybetty.com 67 © Judith L. Hahn, 2011

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