indian railways

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A complete detail about the Indian Railways Services.


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INDIAN RAILWAYS Lifeline of the Nation


INTRODUCTION Indian Railways is an Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world's largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,436 km (40,660 mi) and 7,172 stations. In 2013-14, IR carried 8,425 million passengers annually or more than 23 million passengers daily (roughly half of which were suburban passengers) and 1050.18 million tons of freight in the year. In 2013–2014 Indian Railways had revenues of 1441.67 billion (US$24 billion) which consists of 375.0 billion (US$6.2 billion) from freight and 940.0 billion (US$15 billion) from passengers tickets.


HISTORY The history of rail transport in India began in the mid-nineteenth century. The core of the pressure for building Railways In India came from London. A British engineer, Robert Maitland Brereton , was responsible for the expansion of the railways from 1857 onwards. Bombay to Calcutta route was officially opened on 7 March 1870 By 1875, about £95 million were invested by British companies in India guaranteed railways. By 1880 the network had a route mileage of about 14,500 km (9,000 mi). By 1895, India had started building its own locomotives. In 1896, sent engineers and locomotives to help build the Uganda Railways .


HISTORY In 1900, the GIPR became a government owned company. In 1905, an early Railway Board was constituted. In 1907 almost all the rail companies were taken over by the government. In 1920, with the network having expanded to 61,220 km (38,040 mi). The period between 1920 and 1929, was a period of economic boom; there were 41,000 mi (66,000 km) of railway lines serving the country. Starting 1939, about 40% of the rolling stock including locomotives and coaches was taken to the Middle East, By 1946, all rail systems had been taken over by the government.

Organization Structure:

Organization Structure


ZONE’S & THEIR DIVISIONS WITH HEAQUARTERS 1. Central Railway (MUMBAI) Bhusawal , Nagpur, Mumbai(CST), Solapur, Pune 2. Eastern Railway (KOLKATA) Malda , Howarh , Sealdah,Asansol 3. Northern Railway (NEW DELHI) Ambala , Ferozpur , Lucknow , Moradabad, Delhi 4. North Eastern Railway (GORAKHPUR) Lucknow , Varanasi,Izatnagar 5. Northeast Frontier Railway (GUWAHATI) Katihar , Lumding , Tinsukhia , Alipurduar , Rangiya 6. Southern Railway (CHENNAI) Chennai, Madurai, Palghat , Trichy , Trivandrum 7. South Central Railway (SECUNDERABAD) Secunderabad , Hyderabad, Guntakal , Vijaywada , Guntur, Nanded 8. South Eastern Railway (KOLKATA) Kharagpur , Chakradharpur , Adra , Ranchi


ZONE’S & THEIR DIVISIONS WITH HEAQUARTERS 9. Western Railway (MUMBAI) Bhavnagar, Mumbai Central, Ratlam , Rajkot, Vadodara, Ahemdabad 10 . East Central Railway (HAJIPUR) Danapur , Dhanbad , Sonepur , Mughalsarai , Samastipur 11. East Coast Railway (BHUBANESWAR) Khurda Road, Waltair , Sambalpur 12. North Central Railway (ALLAHABAD) Allahabad, Jhansi, Agra 13. North Western Railway (JAIPUR) Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Ajmer 14. South East Central Railway (BILASPUR) Nagpur, Bilaspur , Raipur 15. South Western Railway (HUBLI) Bangalore, Mysore, Hubli 16. West Central Railway (JABALPUR) Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota

Types of Passenger Trains:

Types of Passenger Trains Duronto Express: These are the non-stop (except for operational stops) point to point rail services introduced for the first time in 2009. They connect the metros and major state capitals of India and are faster than Rajdhani Express. They provide first AC, two-tier AC and three-tier AC accommodation. Some of them provide Sleeper Class accommodation. Rajdhani Express: These are air-conditioned trains linking major cities to New Delhi. They have high priority and are one of the fastest trains in India, travelling at an average speed of 130 km/h (82 mph). They have only a few stops. In the Railway budget of 2014, the it was proposed that the speed of Rajdhani express, and Shatabdi Expresses would be increased up to 200 km/h.

Types of Passenger Trains:

Types of Passenger Trains AC Express: These are fully air-conditioned trains linking major cities in the country. They have high priority and are one of the fastest trains in India, travelling at about 130 km/h (82 mph). They have only a few stops. Shatabdi Express: The Shatabdi trains are air-conditioned intercity trains for travel during day. They have seats and executive class seats. Some of them 3-tier AC berths. They are the fastest trains in India, travelling at about 130–160 km/h. Garib Rath : Air-conditioned no-frills trains with seats and 3-tier Economy AC berths. The maximum speed is 130 km/h. Jan Shatabdi Express: Jan Shatabdi Express are a more affordable variety of the Shatabdi Express, which have both AC and non-AC classes. The maximum speed is 130 km/h.

Types of Passenger Trains:

Types of Passenger Trains Intercity Superfast Express/Mail: These are trains that have an average speed greater than 80 km/h (50 mph). Tickets for these trains have an additional superfast surcharge. Express: These are the most common kind of trains in India. They have more stops than their super-fast counterparts, but they stop only at relatively important intermediate stations. Passenger and Fast Passenger: These are slow trains that stop at most stations along the route and are the cheapest trains. The trains generally have unreserved seating accommodation but some night trains have sleeper and 3-tier AC compartments.

Types of Passenger Trains:

Types of Passenger Trains Suburban trains: These trains operate in the urban areas of Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Thiruvanathapuram , Kollam, Kochi, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Pune and between Kanpur & Lucknow,usually stop at all stations and have unreserved seating accommodation . Metro : These trains are designed for city transport. Indian Railway constructed Kolkata Metro for the city of Kolkata.


ROYAL TRAINS Palace on Wheels Golden Chariot Royal Rajasthan On Wheels Deccan Odyssey Southern Splendour Buddhist Circuit Train








MOUNTAIN RAILWAYS This site includes three railways. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first, and is still the most outstanding, example of a hill passenger railway. Opened in 1881. The construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 46-km long metre -gauge single-track railway in Tamil Nadu State was started in 1891 and was completed in 1908. The Kalka-Shimla Railway, a 96-km long, single track working rail link built in the mid-19th century to provide a service to the highland town of Shimla is emblematic of the technical and material efforts to dis-enclave mountain populations through the railway.


TECHNOLOGICAL IMPACT ON RAILWAY Information technology has served the human race in simplifying issues which had been day-to-day irritants some time back. It has redefined the way individuals, family, society, business and  government conducts itself by providing fast and accurate services, linked mobile communication, quick decision-making, optimum utilization of resources, value engineering and  value added services etc. As it made its beginning over Indian Railways, with the formation of CRIS in the year 1986, to develop and implement hardware and software to gain benefits of data engineering.


IT PROJECTS WHICH HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT Unreserved Ticketing System Passenger Reservation System Control Office Automation Freight Operation Information System Integrated Coaching Management System National Train Enquiry System Crew Management System Software Aided Training School


IT PROJECTS IS GOING TO BE CARRIED OUT Maintenance Management: Freight Maintenance Management Loco Shed Management System Workshop Information System Track Management System Signaling Maintenance Management System Project Management: online Data analysis and quick view of ‘New Proposals’ and ‘Works In Progress’ Interface with Budget Directorate (RB) for preparation of Budget Documents. Quick retrieval of works information and generation of MIS

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