Organic Farming, Biodynamics, Panchagavya & Itks

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CREDIT SEMINAR ON ORGANIC FARMING, BIODYNAMICS,PANCHAGAVYA & ITKS:

CREDIT SEMINAR ON ORGANIC FARMING, BIODYNAMICS,PANCHAGAVYA & ITKS GUIDED BY: Dr. N.K. GUPTA Dr. SHEELA VERMA Mrs. D. TEMBHRE SUBMITTED BY: JAGATI YADAGIRI MSc ( Horti .),Vegetable Science ROLL NO.-11000 DEPARTMENT OF VEGETABLE SCIENCE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE,INDORE(M.P.) SESSION 2011-2013

Organic Farming, Biodynamics, Panchagavya & Itks:

Organic Farming, Biodynamics , Panchagavya & Itks

What is organic farming? :

What is organic farming? Organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection

Components :

Components

Need of organic farming :

Need of organic farming Drawbacks of green revolution : Rapidely degrading soil fertlity status Increased cost of production Increased environmental pollution Health hazards That why, we need organic farming

Importance of organic farming – :

Importance of organic farming – Maintenance of soil health, genetic diversity of a particular area long term fertility of soil Minimum utilization of resource for crop production Essential utilization of micro flora and fauna in the rhizosphere , natural resources renewable resource Provision of pollution free environment for future generation Recycling of the agriculture wastages for higher crop production Yield of a crop should be sustainable

Concept of Organic farming- :

Concept of Organic farming- Organic farming describe 2 major aspects of alternative agriculture- Substitution of organic manure & other material for inorganic fertilizers Biological pest & control instead of the chemicals.

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The concept of organic agriculture has been perceived by different people To most of them, it implies the use of organic matter & materiel, method of plant production instead of using synthetic fertilizers & pesticide It reported by some as farming involving the integrated use of fertilizers & organic manures as well as chemical and natural inputs for plant protection Not use any toxic agrochemical as they are based on development of the biological diversity and maintainance & replishment of soil productivity.

Principles of organic farming-:

Principles of organic farming- Organic farming approach involves following five principles: 1. Conversion of land from conventional management to organic management 2.Management of the entire surrounding system to ensure biodiversity and sustainability of the system. 3.Crop production with the use of alternative sources of nutrients such as crop rotation, residue management, organic manures and biological inputs. 4.Management of weeds and pests by better management practices, physical and cultural means and by biological control system 5.Maintenance of live stock in tandem with organic concept and make them an integral part of the entire system

Prospects of Organic farming– :

Prospects of Organic farming– Sustaionability of soil health Reducing environmental hazard & increasing public health Rural employment generation Effective soil moisture retention Effective land use through interspace cropping of cover crops & green manure cropping Improvement in quality & self life of produces Increased farm income through export earning and trapping domestic market

Conventional farming Vs organic farming:

Conventional farming Vs organic farming

Biodynamics :

Biodynamics Biodynamics is a spiritual-ethical-ecological approach to agriculture, food production and nutrition. It is a head-heart-hand practical philosophy of farming and gardening.

Principels of biodynamics- :

Principels of biodynamics - Restoration of soil organic matter in suitable form &restore soil fertility Soil should be considered as living system In biodynamic network- the role of minera elements is never ignored but organic matter is treated as the basis of soil life Soil has physical structure apart from organo -chemical system The interaction of major component and energy factors form a system, in the soil

Practical application :

Practical application Introduce soil-protecting crop rotations and cover crops. Improve soil cultivation practices. Introduce green manuring , carefully plowed or dug under. Use mulching wherever possible; the Earth likes to be covered and will do it by itself with weeds! Build compost heaps and treat them with the preparations: Use other preparations such as the Cowpat Pit Preparation, Panchagavya , or natural liquid fertilizers (equisetum tea, fermented nettle manure) as needed.

Advantages :

Advantages Production of top quality fruits and vegetables, with strong flavours and high levels of nutrients (protein and vitamin content) Yields always above the average level, higher on average than those produced by organic farming Little trouble with livestock and plant diseases No spreading of insect pests, and no great economic damage due to their presence:

Panchagavya:

Panchagavya Panchagavya , an organic product has the potential to play the role of promoting growth and providing immunity in plant system. Panchagavya consists of nine products viz. cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, jaggery , ghee, banana, Tender coconut and water. When suitably mixed and used, these have miraculous effects.

Preparation :

Preparation Cow dung - 7 kg Cow ghee - 1 kg Mix the above two ingredients thoroughly both in morning and evening hours and keep it for 3 days Cow Urine - 10 liters Water - 10 liters After 3 days mix cow urine and water and keep it for 15 days with regular mixing both in morning and evening hours. After 15 days mix the following and panchagavya will be ready after 30 days. Cow milk - 3 liters Cow curd - 2 liters Tender coconut water - 3 liters Jaggery - 3 kg Well ripened poovan banana – 12 nos.

Beneficial effects of Panchakavya on commercial crops:

Beneficial effects of Panchakavya on commercial crops Mango Induces dense flowering with more female flowers Irregular or alternate bearing habit is not experienced and continues to fruit regularly Enhances keeping quality by 12 days in room temperature Flavour and aroma are extraordinary Acid lime Continuous flowering is ensured round the year Fruits are plumpy with strong aroma Shelf life is extended by 10 days Guava Higher TSS Shelf life is extended by 5 days Banana In addition to adding with irrigation water and spraying, 3% solution (100 ml) was tied up at the naval end of the bunch after the male bud is removed. The bunch size becomes uniform. One month earlier harvest was witnessed. The size of the top and bottom hands was uniformly big.

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Turmeric Enhances the yield by 22% Extra long fingers Ensure low drainage loss Narrows the ratio of mother and finger rhizomes Helps survival of dragon fly, spider etc which in turn reduce pest and disease load. Sold for premium price as mother/seed rhizome Enriches the curcumin content Jasmine Exceptional aroma and fragrance No incidence of bud worm Continuous flowering throughout the year Vegetables Yield enhancement by 18% and in few cases like Cucumber, the yield is doubled Wholesome vegetables with shiny and appealing skin Extended shelf life Very tasty with strong flavour .

Recommended dosage :

Recommended dosage Spray system - 3% solution was found to be most effective compared to the higher and lower concentrations investigated. Flow system - The solution of Panchagavya can be mixed with irrigation water at 50 litres per hectare either through drip irrigation or flow irrigation Seed/seedling treatment - 3% solution of Panchagavya can be used to soak the seeds or dip the seedlings before planting. Soaking for 20 minutes is sufficient. Rhizomes of Turmeric, Ginger and sets of Sugarcane can be soaked for 30 minutes before planting. Seed storage - 3% of Panchagavya solution can be used to dip the seeds before drying and storing them.

Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) :

Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) Indigenous Knowledge (IK) can be broadly defined as the knowledge that an indigenous (local) community accumulates over generations of living in a particular environment. This definition encompasses all forms of knowledge – technologies, know-how skills, practices and beliefs – that enable the community to achieve stable livelihoods in their environment.

ITK for TOMATO :

ITK for TOMATO A decoction of Aloe vera , Ocimum tenuiflorum , and Aristolochia bracteolate is prepared and sprayed on tomato crop to control pests and disease and to reduce flower shedding. Twenty ml. of leaf extract of Bougainvillea glabra is mixed with 1 lit. of water in which the tomato seeds are soaked for six hours to control damping off in nursery. About 25 - 30 days old tomato seedlings are preferred for planting. Spraying neem oil to reduce flower droppings in tomato.

ITK for BRINJAL :

ITK for BRINJAL In order to prevent fruit rotting in brinjal plants, a solution is made of 1 lit. of water and eight crushed leaves of Aloe vera and sprayed on the crops. Chrysanthemum coronaries is grown as a border crop in brinjal to control fruit borers. Poultry manure is applied for more yields in brinjal Grinding and applying the neem seeds @40kg./ac. on 35th day after transplanting gives higher yield.

ITK for CHILLIES :

ITK for CHILLIES Chilli seeds are immersed in biogas slurry for 1½ hours for vigorous growtj and disease resistance. Aadipattam (Jul. -Aug.) and Thaipattam (Jan.-Feb.) are suitable for sowing chillies . Own seeds are mostly used for chillies cultivation. Sheep penning is practiced for getting higher yield. Groundnut cake is applied to reduce the flower dropping and to increase the yield.

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