university education commission 1948-49

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THIS PPT EXAMINES COMPREHENSIVE AND DETAILED FEATURES OF UNIVERSITY EDUCATION COMMISSION INDIA (1948-49)

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University Education Commission (1948-49) GURKIRAT KAUR

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Govt. of India appointed UEC on November 4, 1948 Under the chairmanship of Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan Commission also called Radhakrishnan Commission APPOINTMENT OF THE COMMISSION

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To report on Indian University Education and suggest improvements That may be desirable to suit present And future needs of the country WHY COMMISSION APPOINTED?

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SUBMISSION OF REPORT Commission submitted its report in August 1949

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MEMBERS OF COMMISSION Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (Chairman) Dr. Tara Chand Dr. Zakir Hussain Dr. A. Lakshmanswami Mudaliar Sir James F. Tuff Dr. Arthur Dr. Megh Nath Saha Dr. Karm Narayan Bahl Dr. John J. Tigert Shri Nirmal Kumar Sidhanta

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TERMS OF REFERENCE Aims and Objectives of University Education and Research Changes considered necessary and desirable Finance of Universities

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TERMS OF REFERENCE (Contd..) Maintenance of Highest Standards of Teaching & Examinations Maintenance of Balance between Sciences & Humanities Medium of Instruction

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TERMS OF REFERENCE (Contd..) Provision of Advanced study in Indian culture, history, Literature, languages and philosophy Need of more universities Organization of Advanced Research in all branches

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TERMS OF REFERENCE (Contd..) Religious instruction in Universities Special problems of BHU, AMU and other of national character

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TERMS OF REFERENCE (Contd..) Teachers- qualifications, conditions of service, salaries, functions and encouragement of original research Discipline of students, Hostels, Organization of Tutorial and Any other matter essential for complete enquiry into all aspects of university education and research

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RECOMMENDATIONS OF COMMISSION

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Aims & Objectives of University Education Intellectual Adventure Integrated Way of Life Wisdom & Knowledge

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Aims & Objectives of University Education (Contd..) Training for Leadership Preservation and Development of Culture & Civilization Development of New Ideas

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Aims & Objectives of University Education (Contd..) Development of Consciousness Aim of Social Order

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Aims & Objectives of University Education (Contd..) Love for higher values Of life Discoveries & Inventions

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TEACHING STANDARDS STANDARD OF ADMISSION – After completion of 12 years of study WELL EQUIPPED COLLEGES OCCUPATIONAL INSTITUTES REFRESHER COURSES

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TEACHING STANDARDS (Contd..) FIXING THE NUMBER- of Arts & Science Faculties of teaching University at 3000 & in affiliated college at 1500 INCREASING WORKING DAYS- To 180 LECTURES, TUTORIALS & LIBRARY WORK NO PRESCRIBED TEXTBOOKS

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TEACHING STANDARDS (Contd..) COMPULSORY ATTENDENCE TUTORIAL INSTRUCTION IMPROVEMENT IN LIBRARIES IMPROVEMENT IN LABORATORIES

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TEACHERS Importance of Teachers Responsibility of Teachers Unsatisfactory conditions of Teachers

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TEACHERS (Contd..) PROVIDENT FUND – 10% salary of teacher + 10% by university ACCOMODATION AGE OF RETIREMENT – can be upto 64 instead of 60 STUDY LEAVE – one year leave at a time & three years leave in total service

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TEACHERS (Contd..) WORKING HOURS – 18 periods a week including tutorial classes WORKING CONDITIONS Regular salaries Security of service Appointment of tribunal

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TEACHERS (Contd..) SALARY SCALES For University Teachers Professors 900-50-1350 per month Readers 600-30-900 per month Lecturers 300-25-900 per month Instructors 200-25-500 per month Research Fellow 250-25-500 per month

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TEACHERS (Contd..) SALARY SCALES (Contd..) For Teachers of Affiliated Colleges without Post Graduate Classes Principal 600-40-800 per month Senior Teacher 40-25-600 per month Lecturers 200-15-320-400 per month

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TEACHERS (Contd..) SALARY SCALES (Contd..) For Teachers of Post Graduate Degree Colleges Principal 800-50-1000 per month Senior Teachers 50-25-800 per month Lecturers 200-15-330-20-400-25-500 per month

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CURRICULUM REORGANISATION OF COURSES PHASES OF EDUCATION General Education Liberal Education Occupational Education

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CURRICULUM (Contd..) Life-centered general education No Over Specialization No Rigid Curriculum Emphasis on General Education Relations of general & special education

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CURRICULUM (Contd..) Courses of Study at Secondary Education Mother- Tongue English Classical/Modern Indian Languages General Sciences or Social Studies including Economics & Civics Any two of the following subjects- A Classical Language, Modern Indian Languages, Modern European Languages, Logic, Psychology, Music, Home Science, Science, Hygiene, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Accountancy, Business Method, Steno typing, Soil Science

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CURRICULUM (Contd..) Courses of Study at First Degree Level Federal Language/Classical/Modern Indian Language English For Arts students atleast two subjects- A Classical/a Modern Indian Language,English,French/German,History,Mathematics, Fine Arts, Philosophy,Geography, Economics,Political Science, Psychology, Sociology,Anthropology For Science students atleast two special subjects- Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Geology

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POST-GRADUATE TEACHING & RESEARCH Uniformity of Regulation – Pass graduate study for atleast 2 years and Honours graduate for atleast 1 year Personal Touch Ph.D. Degree – For atleast 2 years & Examination include a thesis and viva

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POST-GRADUATE TEACHING & RESEARCH (Contd..) Research Training & research Departments Research Fellowships Scholarships Teaching Personnel Fundamental Research D.Litt. And D.Sc. Degree

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EXAMINATIONS Credit for class work Periodical Examinations Selection of Examiners Marking under controlled conditions Uniform system of classification No grace marks Viva-voce examination

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PROFESSIONL EDUCATION

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AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION National Issue Highest Priority Personnel Rural Setting Strengthening of agricultural colleges Experimental farm Agricultural laboratories Indian Council of Agricultural Research An Institute of Agricultural Policy

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COMMERCE EDUCATION PRACTICAL WORK SPECIALISATION

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MEDICAL EDUCATION No. of students Special training Equipment Public health & nursing Researches

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ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION Nationalization More colleges Upgradation Diversified curriculum Higher researches Practical skill & knowledge Freedom

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LEGAL/LAW EDUCATION Recognition Reorganization Staff Admission No simultaneous courses Research facilities Teachers

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TEACHERS’ TRAINING More weightage to school practice Teachers Flexible courses M.Ed. Course Research

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RELIGIOUS EDUCATION Silent meditation Biographies of religious leaders Essentials of all religions Essentials of religious philosophy

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WOMEN EDUCATION Type of Education Maximum facilities Education for home economics & home management Rights & duties Special facilities Teachers

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RURAL EDUCATION Rural universities No. of students All India Institute of Rural Education Aim Separate teachers Curriculum Research facilities

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MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION Development of Hindi Regional Languages- at higher education Regional Language/ Mother Tongue, National Language and English- at secondary & university level Development of Regional & Federal Languages Devnagri Script Importance of Sanskrit Teaching of English

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STUDENTS’ WELFARE Admission on Merit Scholarship on Merit Free Medical Examination Hospitals & Dispensaries Compulsory Physical Education Director of Physical Education Scheme of N.C.C. Social Service

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STUDENTS’ WELFARE (Contd..) Hostel Facilities Student Unions Discipline Corporate Life Dean of Students’ Welfare Advisory Board of Students’ Welfare

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ADMINISTRATION Concurrent List Limited Powers of Central Govt. University Grants Commission Recognition of Colleges Good Managing Committee Merging Govt. Colleges

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ADMINISTRATION (Contd..) Essentials for University Visitor- President of India Chancellor-Governor of State Vice-Chancellor-whole time officer Syndicate Faculty Academic Council Senate Board of Studies Selection Committee Finance Committee

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FINANCE Cost- to be borne by State Govt. Recurring & Non-recurring Grants Other Financial Assistance Income Tax Concessions

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IMPACT OF UEC ON INDIAN EDUCATION For the First time Aims & Objectives of University Education Defined Improvement in Teaching Standards Improvement in Curriculum Professional Education Advocated Increased Facilities for Post-Graduate Teaching & Research

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IMPACT OF UEC ON INDIAN EDUCATION (Contd..) Improvement in Position & Status of Teachers Improvement in Examinations Religious Education Advocated Women Education Promoted Rural Education emphasized Medium of Instruction to be Indian Languages

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IMPACT OF UEC ON INDIAN EDUCATION (Contd..) Casual Suggestions in regard to Medium of Instruction Education in Fine Arts ignored

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CONCLUSION COMMISSION revolutionized the field of University Education and Universities in our country have done their job in better way if the recommendations of Commission were fully and properly implemented