Bloom’s Taxonomy of Instructional Objectives : Bloom’s Taxonomy of Instructional Objectives Benjamin S. Bloom
(1913-1999) Slide 2: Writing Instructional Objectives Instructional objectives or behavioral objectives, can be written for any of the domains of instruction Cognitive Affective Psychomotor Slide 3: Criteria for writing Instructional Objectives State each objective in terms of student performance
Use an active verb that that indicates something that can be seen and measured, i.e. applies, analyses, demonstrate etc.
State each objective in terms of a measurable change or action, an end result. Slide 4: The Cognitive Domain A mnemonic device for remembering the six levels: Killing Cats Almost Always Seems Evil Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation Slide 5: The Cognitive Domain 1. Knowledge Student recalls or recognizes information, ideas, and principles in the approximate form in which they were learned.
e.g. The student will define the technical terms by giving their properties or features. Slide 6: The Cognitive Domain Knowledge: keywords Write List Label Name State
Define e.g. The student will define the 6 levels of Bloom's taxonomy of the cognitive domain. Slide 7: The Cognitive Domain 2. Comprehension Student shows an understanding of information as well the ability to use it. It involves translating, interpreting or extrapolating information. Slide 8: The Cognitive Domain e.g. When given various geometric concepts in verbal terms, the student will draw the correct geometric form.
Keywords: Explain, Summarize, Paraphrase, Describe, Illustrate Comprehension Slide 9: The Cognitive Domain 3. Application Student uses abstractions in particular and concrete situations to solve novel or real life problems.
e.g. The student will be able to predict the effect on a container of exhusting its air contents. Lego Mindstorms Robot, built by students at San Diego College, California Slide 10: The Cognitive Domain Application Keywords: Use, Compute, Solve, Demonstrate, Apply, Construct e.g. The student will write an instructional objective for each level of Bloom's taxonomy. Slide 11: The Cognitive Domain 4. Analysis Breaking of a whole into parts and distinguish elements, relationships and organizational principles. Slide 12: The Cognitive Domain Analysis Keywords: Analyze, Categorize, Compare, Contrast, Separate
e.g. The student will compare and contrast the cognitive and affective domains Slide 13: The Cognitive Domain 5. Synthesis Student originates, integrates, and combines ideas into a product, plan or proposal that is new to him or her. Slide 14: The Cognitive Domain Synthesis Keywords: Create, Design, Hypothesize, Invent, Develop
e.g. The student will design a classification scheme for writing educational objectives that combines the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. Slide 15: The Cognitive Domain 6. Evaluation Student appraises, assesses, or critiques on a basis of specific standards and criteria. Slide 16: The Cognitive Domain Evaluation Keywords: Judge, Recommend, Critique,
e.g. The student will judge the effectiveness of writing objectives using Bloom's taxonomy. Slide 17: The Affective Domain 1. Receiving Being aware of or attending to something in the environment 2. Responding Showing some new behaviors as a result of experience 3. Valuing Showing some definite involvement or commitment Krathwohl, D., Bloom, B., & Masia, B. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives. Handbook II: Affective domain. New York: David McKay. Slide 18: The Affective Domain 4. Organization Integrating a new value into one's general set of values, giving it some ranking among one's general priorities. 5. Characterization by Value Acting consistently with the new value; person is known by the value. The Affective Domain : The Affective Domain The Psychomotor Domain : The Psychomotor Domain Slide 21: The Psychomotor Domain Presented By : Presented By Ms. Gurkirat Kaur
Chitkara College of Education for Women