national Political Parties

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rwStrI rwjnIiqk dl (National Political Parties ):

rwStrI rwjnIiqk dl (National Political Parties ) Prepared by : - Gurmeet Singh Bhoma Lecturer : - Political. Science School : - GSSS Rangar Nangal (GSP ).

INTRODUCTION (rwStrI dl bnx leI jrUrI SrqW):

INTRODUCTION ( rwStrI dl bnx leI jrUrI SrqW ) Lok sBw jW rwj ivDwn sBwvW coxW iv`c xZN'A xZN uko okiK ftZu ku`l auicq votW dw 6% ih`sw pRwpq krnw jW fJZe iK tX /o/ okiK ftZu uko b'e ;Gk ; hNK dh gqkgsh . jW iqMn rwjW ivcoN lok sBw dIAW kul sItW dw 2% ih`sw pRwpq krnw (543 sItW ivcoN 11 sItW )[ jW cwr rwjW iv`c KyqrI dl dy rUp iv`c mwnqw [

Bwrq dy rwStrI rwjnIiqk dl :

Bwrq dy rwStrI rwjnIiqk dl lVI nM : dl dw nwm cox inSwn vrqmwn pRDwn 1. BwrqI rwStrI kWgrs sRI mqI sonIAW gWDI 2. BwrqI jnqw pwrtI ; qh nfws Pkj 3. BwrqI kimaUinst pwrtI ; qh n?;H ;[ Xkeo o?vh 4. BwrqI kimaUinst pwrtI ( mwrksvwdI ) ; qh ; hsk okw :/u[oh 5. bhujn smwj pwrtI kumwrI mwieAwvqI 6. rwStrvwdI kNwgrs pwrtI sRI Srd pvwr

1. Indian National Congress (BwrqI rwStrI kWgrs):

1. Indian National Congress (BwrqI rwStrI kWgrs) sMKyp ieiqhws : - dsMbr 1885 iv`c sRI ey.E. ihaUm duAwrw pwrtI dw gTn vrqmwn pRDwn sRI mqI sonIAw gWDI gzfvs itkjo bkb Bfjo{ s'A b? e/ vkH wBw'jB f;zx dh ;oeko sZe e/Ado ftZu Gkosh okPNoh eKro; dk p'bpkbk fojk j? . T[g^gqXkB ;qh okj[b rKXh

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eKro; dhnK BhshnK ns/ gq'rokw eKro; gkoNh ftPtheoB, fBiheoB ns/ nkofEe T[dkotkd dh ;woEZe j?. gkoNh Xow fBogZysk ftZu ftPtkP oZydh j?. gkoNh *jo jkE soZeh jo jkE Pesh* d/ Bkjo/ dh ;woEZe j? . gkoNh gqwkD{ Pesh dk PKswJh T[d/PK bJh gq:'r eoBk ukjz[dh j?.

kWgrs dw mulAMkx (Evaluation of Congress Party):

kWgrs dw mulAMkx (Evaluation of Congress Party) suMqqrqw pRwpqI qoN lY ky 1989 q`k kyNdr Aqy vDyry rwjW iv`c kNwgrs pwrtI dI srkwr rhI (kyvl 1977-1980 nUM C`f ky)[ UPA 1 & UPA 2 (United Progressive Alliance) ;z:[es gqrshPhb rmi'V dh ;oeko vkH wBw'jB f;zx dh nrtkJh j/m ojh j? .

pRwpqIAW (Achievement of UPA- I & II):

pRwpqIAW (Achievement of UPA- I & II) rwStrI Kurwk sur`iKAw AYkt 26 Agsq 2013 (National Food Security Act):- Bwrq dy 70% (80 kroV ) nwgirkW nMU ssqw rwSn dyxw [ mgnrygw (MGNREGA): - pyNfU byrujgwrW nUM 100 idn dy rujgwr dI grMtI [ isiKAw dw AiDkwr (Right to Education):- AmrIkw Bwrq pRmwxU smJoqw 2008[ 5H 16thA b'e ;Gk u'Dk ftZu gkoNh dh ekor [ ikoh fBokPkiBe ojh e/ tb 44 ; EkB jh gqkgs eo ;eh .

2. BwrqI jnqw pwrtI (Bharatiya Janta Party):

2. BwrqI jnqw pwrtI (Bharatiya Janta Party) sMKyp ieiqhws :- 1951 iv`c sRI iSAwmw pRSwd muKrjI duAwrw jnsMG pwrtI dw gTn [ 6 ApRYl 1980 c’ sRI Atl ibhwrI vwjpweI dI pRDwngI hyT BwrqI jnqw pwrtI dw gTn [ toswkB gqXkB ;qh nfws Pkj cox inSwn cox inSwn

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Gkosh iBsk gkoNh dhnK BhshnK s/ gq'rokw fGqPNkuko d/ yksw/ gqsh gkoNh tuBpZX j? ns/ ftd/Ph p?AeK ftZu iwQk ekbk XB Bz{ tkfg; fbnkT[Dk . ;qh Bfozdo w'dh d[nok r[ioks d/ ftek; wkvb Bz{ ;w[Zu/ Gkos d/ ftek; bJh bkr{ eoBk . wkB:'r gqXkB wzsoh ;qh Bfozdo w'dh dh nrtkjh j/m e[Pb PkPB gqpzX d/Dk (Xosh T[Zs/ ;tor np eh pko w'dh ;oeko) toswkB gqXkB wzsoh ;qh Bfozdo w'dh

BwrqI jnqw pwrtI dw mulAMkx (Evaluation of the party):

BwrqI jnqw pwrtI dw mulAMkx (Evaluation of the party) Lok sBw swl pRwpq sQwn pihlI 1952 03/489 d`svIN 1991 119/511 bwrvIN 1998 182 qyrvIN 1999 182 (NDA) cOdvIN 2004 138 pMdrvIN 2009 116 ;' bthA 2014 282 (BJP) br^Gr 30 ;kbK fgS'A gfjbhtko e/Ado ftZu e'Jh fJZe db g{oB pj[wZs gqkgs eo ;fenk .

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Gkosh iBsk gkoNh ;oeko dhnK gqkgshnK ns/ toswkB ;fEsh ;tZS Gkos nfGnkB, gqXkB wzsoh iB^XB :'iBk, wB eh pks, w/e^fJB^fJzvhnk, fvihNb fJzvhnk gq'rokwK ns/ gqXkB wzsoh d/ 37 ftd/Ph d"fonK dh whvhnk *u* y{p uouk ojh fpjko ftXkB ;Gk u'DK ftZu n?BHvhHJ/H dh eokoh jko ns/ wjk rmi'V dh fiZs . ;oeko *u* PeshnK d/ e/Adoh eoB ns/ u'D tknfdnK Bz{ g{ok Bk eo ;eDk fizw/tko ekoB jB .

3. BwrqI kimaUinst pwrtI (Communist Party of India):

3. BwrqI kimaUinst pwrtI (Communist Party of India) sMKyp ieqhws (Brief History) kwnpur iv`c dsMbr 1924 nMU prtI dw jnm hoieAw [ mu`K audyS mwrks Aqy lYinn dI ivcwrDwrw nUM B wrqI sm`isAwvW Bz { d{o eoB bJh gq:'r eoBk . vrqmwn jnrl s`kqr ;qh n?;H;[Xkeo o?vh cox inSwn

pwrtI dIAW nIqIAW Aqy pRogrwm (Policies and Programme of CPI):

pwrtI dIAW nIqIAW Aqy pRogrwm (Policies and Programme of CPI) kMm dy AiDkwr nUM w"fbe AiDkwr bnwauxw[ mjdUr jmwq dI qr`kI Aqy Aqy sMpqI dI kwxI vMf dw Kwqmw[ rojgwr pRwpqI qy jor[

pwrtI dI kwrgujwrI (Performance of the party):

pwrtI dI kwrgujwrI (Performance of the party) lok sBw swl pRwpq sQwn pihlI 1952 16/489 dUjI 1957 27/499 qIsrI 1962 32/499 14vIN 2004 10/543 15vIN 2009 4/543 16thA 2014 1$543 16thA b'e ;Gk dhnK u'Dk fgS 'A u'D n:'r d[ nkok gkoNh Bz { wkBsk tkfg ; b?D ; pzXh ekoB dZ ;' B'fN ; ikoh ehsk frnk .

4. BwrqI kimaUinst pwrtI (mwrksvwdI):

4. BwrqI kimaUinst pwrtI (mwrksvwdI) 2. pwrtI dw jnm 1964 iv`c BwrqI kimaUinst pwrtI dI P`ut dw nqIjw[ lyt sRI hrikSn isMG surjIq cox inSwn toswkB iBob ;eZso ;qh ;hsk okw :/u[oh

gkoNh dhnK BhshnK ns/ gq'rokw (Policies and Program. of CPI (M)):

gkoNh dhnK BhshnK ns/ gq'rokw (Policies and Program. of CPI (M)) okiK Bz{ tZX nfXeko ns/ ;wkitkdh noE ftt;Ek dh ;EkgBk eoBh. wid{oK Bz{ ;zroP bJh ;zrfms eoBk . T[dkoheoB, fBiheoB ns/ nwohek Bkb gowkD{ ;wM"s/ dk fto'X .

pwrtI dI kwrgujwrI (Performance of Party):

pwrtI dI kwrgujwrI (Performance of Party) swl ( lok sBw coxw ) pwpqI sQwn 1967 19 1980 qy 1991 35 2004 43 2009 16 2014 09 Bwrq dy iqMn rwj p`CmI bMgwl iqRpurw Aqy kyrl iv`c pwrtI dw bolbwlw[ swbkw mu`K mMqrI joqI bwsU (p`CmI bMgwl) cotoh 2013 *u* fsqgok ftXkB ;Gk u'DK ftZu gkoNh B/ brksko gzithAtko ;cbsk gqkgs ehsh .

5. bhujn smwj pwrtI (Bahujan Samaj Party ):

5. bhujn smwj pwrtI ( Bahujan Samaj Party ) bhujn smwj pwrtI dw jnm : - dsMbr 1984 pMjwb dy jMmpl sRI kWSI rwm duAwrw fI.AYs . 4 ( Dalit , shoshit , samaj , sangharish samiti ) rwhI kIqw [ sRI kNwSI rwm sRI mqI mwieAwvqI (vrqmwn pRDwn) cox inSwn

pwrtI dw mu`K audyS:- :

pwrtI dw mu`K audyS:- BwrqI sivDwn dy inrmwqw fW : bI.Awr . AMbydkr dy ArMBy sMGrS nUM jwrI r`Kxw [ smwijk Aqy AwriQk AsmwnqwvW dw Kwqmw [ bhujn smwj ( SC,STs, OBCs ) nUM rwjnIiqk s`qw ivc brwbr ih`sydwr bnwauxw [

pwrtI dI kwrgujwrI T[~so pRdyS rwj iv`c pwrtI dw d`bdbw fojk:

pwrtI dI kwrgujwrI T[~so pRdyS rwj iv`c pwrtI dw d`bdbw fojk swl lok sBw pRwpq sQwn 2004 14vIN lok sBw 19 2009 15vIN lok sBw 21 2014 16thA b'e ;Gk 00 (Show Cause Notice)

6.rwStrvwdI kNwgrs pwrtI (Nationalist Congress Party):

6.rwStrvwdI kNwgrs pwrtI (Nationalist Congress Party) sMKyp ieiqhws :- 15 meI 1999 sRI Srd pvwr, sRRI pI. ey. sMgmw Aqy qwirk Anvr vloN pwrtI dw gTn[ vrqmwn pRDwn sRI Srd pvwr cox inSwn gkoNh Bz{ okPNoh okiBhfse db d/ o{g ftZu wkBskL^ 13thA b'e ;Gk dhnK u'Dk ftZu gkoNh dh uzrh ekor[ikoh ekoB .

Performance of Party:

Performance of Party kyNdr iv`c pwrtI fw mnmohn isMG dI AgvweI hyT UPA srkwr dI ihsydwrI hY pwrtI nUM 14vIN lok sBw Aqy 15vIN lok sBw iv`c nO sItW pRwpq kIqIAW [ pwrtI dw pRBwv mhWrwStr Aqy au`qrI pUrbI rwjW iv`c irhw [ swl lok sBw pRwpq sQwn 2004 14vIN lok sBw 09 2009 15vIN lok sBw 09 2014 16thA b'e ;Gk 05 (Show Cause Notice) okPNotkdh eKro; gkoNh

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f;ZNk (Conclusion) Gkt/A Gkos ftZu S/ okPNoh okiBhfse dbK ftZu'A e/Ado ftZu ;Zsk gqkgsh bJh ;zroP d' gqZw[y gkoNhnK eKro; ns/ Gkosh iBsk gkoNh ftZueko BIo nkT[Adk j? go Gkos ftZu tZX ojh y/soh dbK dh wjZssk nZr/ eh yZphnK gkoNhnK, p;gk ns/ okPNotkdh eKro; gkoNh nkgDh ok;Noh wjZssk Bz{ poeoko oZy ;e/rh fJj sK nkT[D tkbk ;wK jh dZ;/rk . r[owhs f;zx G'wK b?euoko (okiBhsh Pk;so) ;H;H;H;e{b ozrV Bzrb (r[odk;g[o) w'pL 97815^35440 Delivered By:

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