Art in Detail_Mental Illness in Art History

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Art has led the way in seeing mental illness not as alien or contemptible but part of the human condition ...

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Art in Detail Mental Illness in Art History

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BOSCH, Hieronymus Extraction of the Stone of Madness

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BOSCH, Hieronymus Extraction of the Stone of Madness 1475-80 Oil on panel, 48 x 35 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid

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Trepanning as a "cure" for mental illness

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"Master, cut the stone out, my name is Lubbert Das.“ a luxuriant summer landscape a monk a woman balancing a book on her head a man tied to a chair

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... and

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a charlatan, with a upside-down funnel hat, that removes an object from the patient’s head

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Tis not amiss to bore the skull with an instrument, to let outthe fuliginous vapors ... Robert Burton, Anatomy of Melancholy, 1652

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MUNCH, Edvard Anxiety

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MUNCH, Edvard Anxiety 1894 oil on canvas, 94x74 cm The Munch Museum, Oslo

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Anxious dissociation after The Scream

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GOGH, Vincent van Portrait of Doctor Gachet (Musée d'Orsay)

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GOGH, Vincent van Portrait of Doctor Gachet June 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise Oil on canvas, 68 x 57 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

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Depressive symptoms

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KAHLO, Frida The Suicide of Dorothy Hale

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KAHLO, Frida The Suicide of Dorothy Hale 1938 Oil on masonite with, 60,4 x 48,6 cm. Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix

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Suicide

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..."In the city of New York on the twenty-first day of the month of October, 1938, at six o'clock in the morning, Mrs. Dorothy Hale committed suicide by throwing herself out of a very high window of the Hampshire House building. In her memory. ...this retablo, executed by Frida Kahlo."

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HOGARTH, William In The Madhouse, A Rake's Progress series

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HOGARTH, William In The Madhouse, A Rake's Progress series 1732-1735 Oil on canvas, 62.5 × 75 cm Sir John Soane's Museum, London

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Schizophrenia and Psychosis in a mental hospital

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London’s Bethlehem Hospital for the poor and insane in the 1700s: Tom Rakewell shackled by his left arm and right foot ... it's only the best psychiatric care at Bethlehem, one man thinks he is a king, is naked, carrying a straw crown and sceptre, a bloke has a sheet of music on his head and plays the fiddle, another believes he’s the pope and is wearing a cone-shaped hat

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... and

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two fashionable ladies are sightseeing – for them, it’s an amusing day out observing by the bizarre antics of the lunatics

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GOGH, Vincent van Starry Night (Museum of Modern Art)

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GOGH, Vincent van Starry Night June 1889, Saint-Rémy Oil on canvas, 74 x 92 cm Museum of Modern Art, New York

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Recovery from drug-induced psychotic episode

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Painted in June 1889 : the view from the east-facing window of his asylum room at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, just before sunrise

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GOGH, Vincent van Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear

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GOGH, Vincent van Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear January 1889, Arles Oil on canvas, 60 x 49 cm Courtauld Gallery, London

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Abuse of Absinthe and alcohol

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... cut off a portion of his ear and left it at a brothel for a girl named Rachel telling her to “keep this object like a treasure” ... following the incident he was sent to a sanitarium

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VELÁZQUEZ, Diego Rodriguez de Silva y The Dwarf Francisco Lezcano, "El Niño de Vallecas"

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VELÁZQUEZ, Diego Rodriguez de Silva y The Dwarf Francisco Lezcano, "El Niño de Vallecas" 1643-45 Oil on canvas, 107 x 83 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid

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hypothyroid dwarfism with intellectual disability

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We dwarfs have no homeland, no parents; we allow ourselves to born of strangers, in secret ... so that our race should not die out ... they sell us to powerful princes that we may amuse them with our misshapen bodies and be their jesters ... thus did my mother sell me. Pars Lagervist, The Dwarf

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Art in Detail_ Mental Illness in Art History images and text credit   www. Music wav.        created olga.e. thanks for watching oes

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