Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid_Picture Gallery, The Masterpieces (1)

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Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Picture Gallery, The Masterpieces (1)

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GAUGUIN, Paul Mata Mua (In Olden Times) 1892 Oil on canvas. 91 x 69 cm Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection on deposit at Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza

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GAUGUIN, Paul Mata Mua (In Olden Times) (detail) 1892 Oil on canvas. 91 x 69 cm Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection on deposit at Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza

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GAUGUIN, Paul Mata Mua (In Olden Times) (detail) 1892 Oil on canvas. 91 x 69 cm Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection on deposit at Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza

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GAUGUIN, Paul Mata Mua (In Olden Times) (detail) 1892 Oil on canvas. 91 x 69 cm Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection on deposit at Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza

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GAUGUIN, Paul Mata Mua (In Olden Times) (detail) 1892 Oil on canvas. 91 x 69 cm Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection on deposit at Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza

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BACON, Francis Portrait of George Dyer in a Mirror 1968 Oil on canvas. 198 x 147 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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BACON, Francis Portrait of George Dyer in a Mirror (detail) 1968 Oil on canvas. 198 x 147 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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BACON, Francis Portrait of George Dyer in a Mirror (detail) 1968 Oil on canvas. 198 x 147 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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BACON, Francis Portrait of George Dyer in a Mirror (detail) 1968 Oil on canvas. 198 x 147 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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BACON, Francis Portrait of George Dyer in a Mirror (detail) 1968 Oil on canvas. 198 x 147 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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CHAGALL, Marc The House in Grey 1917 Oil on canvas. 68 x 74 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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CHAGALL, Marc The House in Grey (detail) 1917 Oil on canvas. 68 x 74 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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CHAGALL, Marc The House in Grey (detail) 1917 Oil on canvas. 68 x 74 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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CHAGALL, Marc The House in Grey (detail) 1917 Oil on canvas. 68 x 74 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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CHAGALL, Marc The House in Grey (detail) 1917 Oil on canvas. 68 x 74 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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CHAGALL, Marc The House in Grey (detail) 1917 Oil on canvas. 68 x 74 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DALÍ, Salvador Dream caused by the Flight of a Bee around a Pomegranate a Second before Wakening up 1944 Oil on panel. 51 x 41 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DALÍ, Salvador Dream caused by the Flight of a Bee around a Pomegranate a Second before Wakening up (detail) 1944 Oil on panel. 51 x 41 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DALÍ, Salvador Dream caused by the Flight of a Bee around a Pomegranate a Second before Wakening up (detail) 1944 Oil on panel. 51 x 41 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DALÍ, Salvador Dream caused by the Flight of a Bee around a Pomegranate a Second before Wakening up (detail) 1944 Oil on panel. 51 x 41 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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GOGH, Vincent van Les Vessenots in Auvers May 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise Oil on canvas, 55 x 65 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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GOGH, Vincent van Les Vessenots in Auvers (detail) May 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise Oil on canvas, 55 x 65 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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GOGH, Vincent van Les Vessenots in Auvers (detail) May 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise Oil on canvas, 55 x 65 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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GOGH, Vincent van Les Vessenots in Auvers (detail) May 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise Oil on canvas, 55 x 65 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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GOGH, Vincent van Les Vessenots in Auvers (detail) May 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise Oil on canvas, 55 x 65 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DEGAS, Edgar The Green Dancers 1877-79 Pastel and gouache, 66 x 36 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DEGAS, Edgar The Green Dancers (detail) 1877-79 Pastel and gouache, 66 x 36 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DEGAS, Edgar The Green Dancers (detail) 1877-79 Pastel and gouache, 66 x 36 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DEGAS, Edgar The Green Dancers (detail) 1877-79 Pastel and gouache, 66 x 36 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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DEGAS, Edgar The Green Dancers (detail) 1877-79 Pastel and gouache, 66 x 36 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Fränzi in front of a Carved Chair 1910 Oil on canvas. 71 x 49.5 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Fränzi in front of a Carved Chair (detail) 1910 Oil on canvas. 71 x 49.5 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Fränzi in front of a Carved Chair (detail) 1910 Oil on canvas. 71 x 49.5 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

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Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid _Gallery, The Masterpieces (1) images and text credit   www. Music wav.        created olga.e. thanks for watching oes

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KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Fränzi in front of a Carved Chair This portrait of a girl from the working-class district of Friedrichstadt in Dresden is one of the finest examples of the Expressionist style of the German group Die Brücke, characterised by the simplification of form and the arbitrary use of colour. Here, Fränzi, who modelled for a number of portraits by Kirchner and other members of the group, sits on a chair whose back has been carved into the shape of a naked woman. The girl stares defiantly at the viewer as the intense green of her face, defined by thick, unnaturalistic brushstrokes, contrasts sharply with the pink flesh tones of the female figure that frames her. The frontal placing of the sitter suggests the influence of Munch, Van Gogh and Gauguin, and also recalls Primitive art.

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GAUGUIN, Paul Mata Mua (In Olden Times) In an idyllic landscape enclosed by mountains, a group of women worship Hina, goddess of the moon. In the foreground, a girl plays the flute. To the left, separated by the trunk of a tall tree that splits the composition in two like a hinge, another group dances round the idol. Gauguin left for Tahiti in 1891, hoping to find artistic inspiration among primitive peoples whose development had been untouched by Western civilisation. However, all he encountered were the vestiges of a glorious past, already doomed to extinction.  Mata Mua (In Olden Times)  is a hymn to the natural lifestyle Gauguin so fervently sought. Painted in bright, flat colours, and rejecting any claim to naturalism, it is also an elegy for a lost Golden Age.

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BACON, Francis Portrait of George Dyer in a Mirror In this double portrait, George Dyer—for many years Bacon’s lover—sits in a revolving chair facing a mirror placed on a strange piece of furniture with a stand. The violent brutality of the image, with its distorted body and spasm-twisted face, is heightened by a ring of light from a source outside the painting. However, the face reflected in the mirror, though split in two by a strip of light space, is not racked by the same distortions. If the two halves of the reflection were joined together, they would provide a fairly lifelike portrait of Dyer, with his angular profile and hooked nose, and an expression combining a death wish and desire. Building on Picasso’s dislocated portraits of the mid-twentieth century, Bacon succeeds in capturing the most sordid side of human nature.

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DALÍ, Salvador Dream caused by the Flight of a Bee around a Pomegranate a Second before Wakening up The sleeping figure of Gala, Dalí’s wife and muse, floats above a rock in a tranquil marine landscape. Beside her naked body, two drops of water, a pomegranate and a bee are also airborne. Gala’s dream, prompted by the buzzing of the bee, appears in the upper part of the canvas; there, from an exploding pomegranate shoots out a fish, from whose mouth two ferocious tigers emerge together with a bayonet which, one second later, will wake Gala from her restful sleep. Although by 1944 Dalí was already living in America and devoting little time to painting, this canvas marks a return to his ‘paranoiac-critical method.’ His view—based on Freudian theories—that images were open to multiple interpretations made him one of the leading members of the Surrealist group.

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GOGH, Vincent van Les Vessenots in Auvers This landscape of ‘Les Vessenots,’ on the outskirts of Auvers, shows a group of old country cottages placed just below a raised horizon; further down, wheat fields stretch to the bottom of the canvas, broken only by a few swaying trees. The narrow colour range—mainly bright greens and yellows—and the nervous, agitated brushstrokes following a repetitive, undulating rhythm, are characteristic of the artist’s work in his final period. Van Gogh painted a large number of landscapes in the weeks before his death, always working outdoors. By that time, he was prey to all manner of conflicting moods: the vast expanses of fertile cropland gave him a sense of freedom, but at the same time intensified the feeling of melancholy and loneliness which would eventually lead to his suicide.

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DEGAS, Edgar The Green Dancers Degas was fascinated by the world of ballet; hence, it figured prominently in many of his paintings. Here, the group of dancers is depicted in mid-performance, as viewed from an upper side box. Only one of the girls in green is shown full-length, captured as she executes a swift, complicated turn. The other figures are cropped, leaving the viewer to imagine the rest. In the background, a number of ballerinas dressed in orange stand against the landscape scenery, awaiting their turn. Degas’ use of a cropped, off-centred pictorial space was influenced by photography and by Japanese prints. He felt that the unfinished, transitory nature of reality could only be conveyed using a fragmented technique. Here, the fleeting nature of the movements is captured with rapid pastel strokes, applied with immense skill.

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CHAGALL, Marc The House in Grey The Grey House  is one of a series of canvases painted by Chagall in his native city, Vitebsk, during the First World War. In this view of the old town—whose recognisable landmarks include the steeple of the Cathedral of the Assumption—the central feature is the wooden house in the foreground, typical of those found along the banks of the River Dvina. Here, Chagall blends the Cubist techniques learnt during his Paris years—varying planes and shifting perspectives—with fantastical elements such as the sinuous clouds and the small figure on the left, which might be a self-portrait. These elements, together with the predominance of grey, convey Chagall’s perception of his native city as ‘sad and gay’.

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Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum or simply the Thyssen, is an art museum in Madrid, Spain, located near the Prado Museum at one of city's main boulevards. It is known as part of the "Golden Triangle of Art", which also includes the Prado and the Reina Sofia national galleries. The Thyssen-Bornemisza fills the historical gaps in its counterparts' collections: in the Prado's case this includes Italian primitives and works from the English, Dutch and German schools, while in the case of the Reina Sofia it concerns Impressionists, Expressionists, and European and American paintings from the 20th century. With over 1,600 paintings, it was once the second largest private collection in the world after the British Royal Collection. A competition was held to house the core of the collection in 1987-88 after Baron Thyssen, having tried to enlarge his Museum in Villa Favorit', searched for a location in Europe.

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