Category: Education

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Welcome to Italy

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Italy is located in south-central Europe . To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia along the Alps. To the south it consists of the entirety of the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia — the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea — and many other smaller islands.

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The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclaves within Italy San Marino Vatican City

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Italy is divided into twenty regions, five of which (Sardegna, Sicilia, Trentino Alto Adige, Friuli Venezia Giulia and Valle d’Aosta) are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes.

Rome is the capital of Italy and its largest city:

Rome is the capital of Italy and its largest city Italian Flag The Italian currency is EURO The official language is Italian

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The Senate of the Republic is the upper house and has 315 members ( senatori ). Italy is a Parliamentary Repubblic The Parliament of Italy is a bicameral legislature with 946 elected members ( parlamentari ). The Chamber of Deputies, with 630 members ( deputati ) is the lower house. The president of the Italian Repubblic Mr Giorgio Napolitano Montecitorio Palazzo Madama

The Quirinal Palace in Rome is the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic :

The Quirinal Palace in Rome is the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic

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Italy is home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites (44) to date, and has rich collections of world art, culture and literature from many different periods. Italy has, overall, an estimated 100,000 monuments of any sort (museums, palaces, buildings, statues, churches, art galleries, villas, fountains, historic houses and archaeological remains).


Architecture Several of the finest works in Western architecture, such as the Colosseum, the Milan Cathedral and Florence cathedral , the Leaning Tower of Pisa and the building designs of Venice are found in Italy.


Donatello - David Bernini - Rivers Fountain Bernini - Saint Peter Square Sculpture Michelangelo - Mary & Jesus Italy is famous for her sculptures. The aesthetic appeal and artistic excellence of these works are Known all over the world. Michelangelo, Donatello, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Antonio Canova, Giorgio Vasari, Amedeo Modigliani and Giò Pomodoro are just a few of The most important Italian sculptors whose works reveal Italy's elegant culture and rich heritage.


Painting Italian Painting constitutes the splendor of this tradition through specific themes, as well as by chronological and regional achievement. From Michelangelo to Caravaggio, from Leonardo to Donatello, from Botticelli to Titian and Raphael each and every one of this galaxy of painters have distinctive style that have made their artworks such valued treasures. Michelangelo – Details from the Sistina Chapel





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Tiepolo Giotto Giorgione Caravaggio Canaletto Tiziano Raffaello Piero della Francesca


Literature The basis of the modern Italian language was established by the Florentine poet Dante Alighieri , whose greatest work, the Divine Comedy , is considered amongst the foremost literary statements produced in Europe during the Middle Ages Modern literary figures and Nobel laureates are nationalist poet Giosuè Carducci in 1906, realist writer Grazia Deledda in 1926, modern theatre author Luigi Pirandello in 1936, poets Salvatore Quasimodo in 1959 and Eugenio Montale in 1975, satirist and theatre author Dario Fo in 1997 There is no shortage of celebrated literary figures in Italy: Giovanni Boccaccio, Giacomo Leopardi, Alessandro Manzoni, Torquato Tasso, Ludovico Ariosto, and Petrarch, whose best-known vehicle of expression, the sonnet, was invented in Italy.


Music Italy is the birthplace of opera . Works and pieces composed by native Italian composers of the 19th century and early 20th century, such as Rossini , Bellini , Donizetti , Verdi and Puccini , are amongst the most famous operas ever written and today are performed in opera houses across the world..


Fashion Italian fashion is regarded as one of the most important in the world Major Italian fashion labels, such as Gucci , Prada , Versace , Valentino , Armani , Dolce & Gabbana , Missoni , Fendi , Moschino and Max Mara to name a few, are regarded as amongst the finest fashion houses in the world


Cuisine Coffee , and more specifically espresso, has become highly important to the cultural cuisine of Italy. Some famous dishes and items include pasta , pizza , lasagna , focaccia , and gelato . Cheese , basil , oil , tomatoes , wine , potatoes are major parts of the Italian cuisine.


Sport Italy has a long sporting tradition. In numerous sports, both individual and team, Italy has good representation and many successes. The most popular sport is by far football .


Cinema The Italian film industry was born between 1903 and 1908. Notable Italian film directors are Vittorio De Sica , Federico Fellini , Sergio Leone , Pier Paolo Pasolini , Michelangelo Antonioni. Movies include world cinema treasures such as La dolce vita , Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo and Ladri di biciclette . In recent years, the Italian scene has received international attention, with movies like La vita è bella directed by Roberto Benigni and Il postino with Massimo Troisi

Traditions and festivals:

JANUARY : 6 th - Epiphany. FEBRUARY : 14 th - St. Valentine’s Day,. MARCH : 19 th - Father’s Day, Carnival MARCH/ APRIL: Good Friday, Easter, Angel’s Monday APRIL : 1 st - All Fools’ Day, 25 th – Liberation Day MAY: 1 st – Labour Day, 8 th - Mother’s Day JUNE : 2 nd – Republic’s Day, 29 th - St. Peter and St. Paul AUGUST : 15 th - St. Virgin Mary received into Heaven. NOVEMBER : 1 st - All Saints, 2 nd – All Souls’ Day. DECEMBER : 8 th - St. Virgin of the Immacolate, 25 th - Christmas, 26 th – St. Stephen. Traditions and festivals

The “Befana”:

The “Befana” The Befana portrayed like an old ugly woman, dressed in dark rags who during the night between 5th and 6th January flies over the houses riding her broom and entering through the chimneys. Into the socks that children left hanging near the fireplace she leaves candies and gifts for good children, black coal (actually black sugar today), to the bad ones. This was the feast that the children used to wait for throughout the year, in the times when Father Christmas was unknown in Italy. The bony, ragged old lady was much nearer in spirit to the poverty of Jesus, and was the only gift-giver for children. The gifts she delivered were reminders of the gifts that on that same night the Magi following the star had offered to the Divine Child, born in a poor manger in Bethlehem.

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Carnevale , also known as carnival or mardi gras , is celebrated 40 days before Easter, a final party before Ash Wednesday and the restrictions of Lent Carnival Carnevale in Italy is a huge winter festival celebrated with parades, masquerade balls, entertainment, music, and parties. Children throw confetti at each other. Mischief and pranks are also common during Carnevale, hence the saying A Carnevale Ogni Scherzo Vale , anything goes at carnival.

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Carnival Masks in Venezia

Easter traditions:

Easter traditions Like all holidays in Italy, Easter, Pasqua in Italian, has its share of rituals and traditions. On Easter Monday, Pasquetta, people go out for pic-nics Solemn religious processions are held in many towns on the Friday or Saturday before Easter and sometimes on Easter Sunday. Many churches have special statues of the Virgin and Jesus that play a big part in the processions

Liberation Day:

Liberation Day In Italy , April 25 th 1945 was the day when the Allied troops finally were able to liberate Italy – and today, it commemorates not just that liberation but also is a date when Italians honor their fallen soldiers. In particular, Liberation Day is a day on which to honor the fallen partisans of the Italian Resistance who fought the Nazis as well as Mussolini’s troops throughout World War II. .

Republic day:

Republic day The “ Festa della Repubblica ” is the Italian national holiday celebrated on June the 2 nd . It commemorates the institutional referendum of 1946 when the Italian population was called to decide what form of government (monarchy or republic) to give to the country after the second world war. After 85 years of monarchy, Italy became a Republic . That day a solemn ceremony takes place in Rome consisting of a deposition of a laurel wreath on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, placed inside the Altare della Patria , and of a military parade of all Armed Forces, Police Forces, the Fire Brigade and the Italian Red Cross in the presence of the highest offices of the state.

Christmas Cribs :

Christmas Cribs Traditionally, the main focus of Christmas decorations in Italy is the Nativity scene, presepe or presepio in Italian. Every church has a presepe and they can be found in squares, shops, and other public areas. Many people set up a Christmas crib in their house and figurines for nativity scenes are made in many parts of Italy.

The Bomboniera:

The Bomboniera The bomboniere are not just for weddings. They are also given out at special occasions like baptisms and anniversaries. The bomboniera is a traditional keepsake that is given to the guests in appreciation of their attendance to your wedding. The tradition of handing out favors dates back to the Middle Ages when it was customary for the engaged couple's family to exchange favors.


Confetti Confetti are sugar coated jordan almonds, wrapped in a tulle and either tied to the favor or handed out separately The confetti come in a variety of colors. White, which is a symbol of purity/virginity, is used for weddings, blue for a boy and pink for a girl are used to announce the birth of a child and silver & gold are used for wedding anniversaries.

Landscapes of Italy:

Landscapes of Italy Arch of the Elephant - Pantelleria

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Bellagio - Lago di Como

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Massalubrense e Vesuvio

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La Maddalena - Sardegna

51° Circolo Didattico “Principessa Mafalda” :

51° Circolo Didattico “Principessa Mafalda” ROMA

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