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Chapter 12:


Definition of Ecotourism:

Definition of Ecotourism Ecotourism has been defined in several ways. It has been confused with such terms as green , nature , sustainable , alternative , appropriate , and low-impact. -in the mid-1980’s, HECTOR CEBALLOS LASCURIAN , a Mexican ecologist, used the word ecotourismo . He defined ecotourism as “tourism that consist in travelling to relatively undisturbed or uncontaminated natural areas with the specific objective of studying, admiring and enjoying the scenery and its wild plants and animals, as well as any existing cultural manifestations, both past and present, found in these areas.”

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-an organization in the United States defined ecotourism as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserve the environment and sustain the well-being of the local people.” -the first National Tourism Congress , that was held in Tagbilaran , Bohol described ecotourism as a “tool for sustainable development through the proper management, protection and conservation of the country’s national and cultural resources while at the same time generating jobs and businesses for the local people.”


TYPES OF ECOTOURIST there are two types of ecotourists , hard ecotourist , and soft ecotourist . -the hard ecotourists prefer physically active and challenging experiences that involve close personal contact with nature and do not require on-site services. -the soft ecotourists prefer experiences that are less taxing and supported by accommodation, eating, parking lots and other services. Their commitment to environmental issues is not as deep as that of the hard ecotourists . They prefer travel arrangements made through travel agencies and tour operators.

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ECOTOURISM cycle Operator sustainability Satisfied ecoutourists and communities Environmental and socio-cultural sustainability Effective corporations for appreciating and learning about nature + Optimal Ecotourism Cycle

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