Biofuels by Gaurav Kumar Sharma

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Presentation Description

Fuels are any materials that store potential energy in forms that can be practicably released and used as heat energy. Fuels are required for a variety of purposes, but are utilized chiefly for Transportation and Power Generation. Fossil Fuels will soon be exhausted, if we had replenished fuel sources, what direction should we go in? Any hydrocarbon fuel that is produced from organic matter (living or once living material) in a short period of time (days, weeks, or even months) is considered a Biofuel. One such plant is used as Biofuel known as Jatropha, which can be cultivated anywhere along, roads, railway tracks, on border of farm and even an alkaline soil. It occurs mainly at lower altitude (0-500Cm) with average annual temperature above 20ºC, and rainfall of 300-1000 mm. Biodiesel is eco-friendly. It provides alternative to conventional fuel with clean burning. Biodiesel contain no petroleum, but can be blended with conventional diesel fuel which gives comparable energy to conventional fuel. This fuel can be used in any diesel engine without any modification. Biodiesel is degradable, non toxic and free from sulphur and lead.

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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1:

Mr. Gaurav Kumar Sharma Assistant professor Department of Pharmacy Mewar university Chittorgarh (Rajasthan)

FUELS:

FUELS Fuels  are any materials that store potential energy in forms that can be practicably released and used as heat energy. Fuels are required for a variety of purposes, but are utilized chiefly for………….. Transportation Power Generation

Transportation:

Transportation Globally, Transportation accounts for 25% of energy demand and nearly 62% of oil consumed.

Power Generation:

Power Generation The generation of electricity is the single largest use of fuel in the world. More than 60 % of power generated comes from fossil fuels.

Fossil Fuels will soon be Exhausted:

Fossil Fuels will soon be Exhausted

BUT..:

BUT.. If we had replenish fuel sources, what direction should we go in? Electric cars Solar power Wind power OR

Biofuels:

Biofuels

What are biofuels?:

What are biofuels? Any hydrocarbon fuel that is produced from organic matter (living or once living material) in a short period of time (days, weeks, or even months) is considered a Biofuel.

Biofuel versus Fossil Fuel:

Biofuel versus Fossil Fuel Fossil fuels are not renewable, which means they will run out at some point. As our ability to pump fossil fuels from the ground diminishes, the available supply will decrease, which will inevitably lead to an increase in price. Biofuels can be looked upon as a way of energy security which stands as an alternative of fossil fuels that are limited in availability. Today, the use of biofuels has expanded throughout the globe.

Can you imagine life without FUEL?:

Can you imagine life without FUEL ? NO! NO! NO!

Bio Fuels:

Bio Fuels There are 4 chief Biofuels categories: The 1st generation of biofuels comes from sugar, starch & vegetable fats that are solely dependent on food-crops. It also can be sourced through animal fats. e.g;biofuels are bio-diesel, Bioethanol & biogas.

Slide 12:

Biodiesel reduces carbon dioxide exhaust emissions by up to 80%. Biodiesel produces 100% less SOx than petroleum. Biodiesel reduces exhaust smoke (particulates) emissions by up to 75% so the usual black cloud associated with a diesel engine can be eliminated. The smell of the biodiesel exhaust is far more pleasant. Why biodiesel?

Slide 13:

Biodiesel is much easier to handle and does not cause cracking or redness . Biodiesel is much less dangerous to put in vehicle fuel tank as its flash point is ± 150°C (300°F) as opposed to petroleum diesel ± 70°C (150°F ). Biodiesel provides significant lubricity improvement over petroleum diesel fuel so engines last longer, with the right additives engine performance can also be enhanced

Slide 15:

JATROPHA PLANT

Slide 16:

Jatropha can be cultivated anywhere along, roads, railway tracks, on border of farm and even an alkaline soils. Grown in high as well as low rainfall. In high rainfall yield is more. Occurs mainly at lower altitude(0-500Cm) with average annual temperature above 20 0 C, and rainfall of 300-1000mm.

Slide 17:

JATROPHA PROVIDES: Prevention of soil erosion. Soil improvement. Poverty reduction. Renewable energy. Promotion to labours .

Slide 18:

BIO-DIESEL PLANT

Slide 20:

ECONOMICS OF BIODIESEL FROM JATROPHA

Slide 21:

Biodiesel : first trial run on train First successful trial run of a superfast passenger train was conducted on Dec 31, 2009 Delhi - Amritsar Shatabdi Express used 5% of biodiesel fuel. Railway annual fuel bill = Rs 3400 crores (for Diesel) 10% mixture with Diesel = reduced (Rs.300-400 crores / annum) 5% substitution is accepted.

Slide 22:

Indian Initiatives National Mission on Biodiesel has been launched by GOI State Governments designated special authorities/bodies to manage Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas notified biodiesel purchase policy Government Institutes are working on technology and promotion Public and private sectors are working on processing and end use

Slide 23:

Some more practicalities The former President of India , Dr. Abdul Kalam , is one of the strong advocators of Jatropha cultivation for production of bio-diesel. The State Bank of India provided a boost to the cultivation of Jatropha in India by signing a MoU with D1 Mohan , a joint venture of D1 Oils plc, to give loans to the tune of 1.3 billion rupees to local farmers in India. Older diesel Mercedes are popular for running on biodiesel

Slide 24:

Jatropha curcas plantations at Rashtrapati Bhawan (2004)

Slide 25:

Conclusion: Biodiesel is eco-friendly. Biodiesel is clean burning alternative fuel. Biodiesel contain no petroleum, but can be blended with conventional diesel fuel. These fuel can be used in any diesel engine without any modification. Biodiesel is degradable , non toxic and free from sulphur and lead.

Slide 26:

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