CAPACS TRG ON STI

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LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF STD INSTITUTE OF VENEREOLOGY, Dept.of Serology:

LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF STD INSTITUTE OF VENEREOLOGY, Dept.of Serology

Use of Lab in RTI/STI Control:

Use of Lab in RTI/STI Control Screening and detection Screening asymptomatic in high risk population To diagnose single and mixed infections Improve diagnostic value of syndromic management Detection of infection in asymptomatic Epidemiological data – prevalence, incidence Testing for antimicrobial resistance Sentinel surveillance Accurate etiological diagnosis

Limitations of Lab Tests:

Limitations of Lab Tests Costly Time consuming Need trained manpower Need expensive equipment Delay in diagnosis and treatment Not all tests are high sensitivity and/or specificity

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDs):

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDs) Bacterial Viral Fungal Protozoan Helminths Ecto Parasites

Bacterial :

Bacterial a). Syphilis b). Gonorrhea c). Chancroid d). Granuloma Ingunale e). Lymphogranuloma Venereum f). Bacterial Vaginosis g). Non-Gonococcal Utherities h). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Viral.:

Viral. a). AIDS b). Genital Herpes c). Hepatitis d). Genital Warts e). Molluscum Contagiosum f). Mononucleosis

Fungal :

Fungal Candidiasis Tinea Cruris

Protozoan:

Protozoan a). Trichomoniasis b). Giardiasis c). Amebiasis, Amoebic Ulcer

Helminths:

Helminths Enterobiasis Trichuriasis Strongyloidiasis

Ecto Parasites:

Ecto Parasites Scabies Phthiriasis Pubis

SYPHILIS:

SYPHILIS Treponema Pallidum Sexual contact, vertical transmission and fresh blood transfusion. Incubation, primary, secondary, latent and tertiary. Obliterative endarterties Reagenic antibodies, Group specific antibodies and Species specific antibodies M8/4 M8/4

PowerPoint Presentation:

LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS Salient features: A symptomatic period during the natural course of the disease. Laboratory aid is essential not only to diagnose but also to asses the prognosis. Demonstration of spirochetes by DFM Demonstration of antibodies in the CSFAND SERUM

PowerPoint Presentation:

M8/4

CANDIDA:

CANDIDA

INFECTION CONTROL AND WASTE DISPOSAL:

INFECTION CONTROL AND WASTE DISPOSAL 27

INFECTION CONTROL AND WASTE DISPOSAL:

INFECTION CONTROL AND WASTE DISPOSAL Learning Objectives: Explain importance of universal precautions in the context of STI/RTI clinics. Describe the steps in processing reusable equipment. Describe the waste-disposal mechanism for STI/RTI clinics. 28

WHY INFECTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL?:

WHY INFECTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL? Avoid transmission of infections to the service providers Avoid transmission of infections to other clinic staff such as the instrument and trash-handlers Avoid transmission of infections to other patients 29

GROUP ASSIGNMENTS:

GROUP ASSIGNMENTS Group 1: Hand-washing, Gowns, Patient care equipment Group 2: Gloves, Linen, Environmental cleaning Group 3: Masks, Sharps, patient resuscitation 30

PowerPoint Presentation:

31

MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE:

MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE Sharps Infectious waste Pharmaceutical waste General waste 32

SEGREGATING THE WASTE:

SEGREGATING THE WASTE 33

POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS:

POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS Inform you clinic in-charge immediately Get treated with 3-day ARV fixed dose pills PEP as per national guidelines Get evaluated and treated within 3-days of accident by competent doctor at district hospital/medical college. Report to NACO in PEP incident report format 34

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THANK U

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