challenges of aviation industry

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what are the different challenges and strategy for aviation Industry

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The Future of Aviation : 

The Future of Aviation Craig Duncan craig.duncan@c3daero.com

Executive Summary : 

Executive Summary Aviation today Commercial aviation’s hub-and-spoke systemis overloaded Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) A transportation network that uses small aircraft and small airports is being built Highway In The Sky (HITS) A graphical flight path system that will make flyingas easy as – and safer than – driving a car The Moller Skycar Will usher in a new era of personal airborne transportation C3D Aero Builds Aviation Web Services that will help make the future a reality

Problems with aviation today : 

Problems with aviation today Hub-and-spoke system Relies on a few large airports whichdo not have enough runways 100 major commercial airports 20 are critical (O’Hare, LaGuardia, etc.) Average flight delay of 30 minutes Air travel will double or triple by 2020 Fear of terrorism slows passenger processing

The solution: Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) : 

The solution: Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) goal:“Reduce door-to-door travel timeby half in 10 years and two-thirdsin 25 years.” 98% of Americans live within a30 minute drive of a small airport SATS will be an airborne transportation network that will use small aircraft and the nation’s 5,000+ small airports

Comparison of travel timefrom West Chester, PAto Langley Research Center, VA : 

Comparison of travel timefrom West Chester, PAto Langley Research Center, VA * The driving distance is 300 miles, the distance by air (as the crow flies) is 200 miles † ORF = Norfolk International, N99 = Brandywine Airport, PHF = Newport News/Williamsburg International

Conceptual SATS aircraft : 

Conceptual SATS aircraft Source: NASA

SATS: Evolution ofaviation technology : 

SATS: Evolution ofaviation technology Stronger and lighter weight materials Composites Smaller, more efficient, andmore reliable engines Williams EJ22 Turbojet Better safety Ballistic (rocket-fired) airframe parachutes Improved avionics: Global Positioning System (GPS) Collision avoidance systems Highway in the Sky (HITS)

Problems with current avionics : 

Problems with current avionics World War I era technology “Steam gauge” instruments: Some rely on failure-prone vacuum pumps Icing can clog air pressure vents Each instrument was designed individually Lack of integration requires a pilotto do a lot of interpretation, mental visualization, and math in their head Making existing instruments electronic adds another layer of complexity

Problems with currentair traffic control : 

Problems with currentair traffic control World War II era technology Radar – Can be inaccurate Minimum separation requirements: 5 miles horizontal 1,000 feet vertical Radio – Inefficient Transmissions can be “stepped on” Human controllers hand off pilots fromsection to section Airspace – Confusing Becoming more segmented and complex Difficult for a pilot to tell exact location

The solution:Highway In The Sky (HITS) : 

The solution:Highway In The Sky (HITS) A graphical flight path system Flying will be as easy as – and safer than – driving a car Intuitive cockpit displays show: Virtual path for aircraft to follow 3D representation of terrain and obstructions 2D moving map of other aircraft, weather conditions, restricted airspace, and airports

HITS cockpit displays : 

HITS cockpit displays Flight path and moving map displays. Adapted from NASA

HITS air traffic management : 

HITS air traffic management Pilot will select destination by either: Clicking on a map display Speaking the name of the airport Aircraft will automatically accessAviation Web Services and use them to: Obtain updates of weather, navigation, airport, and aircraft performance data Note – Most information will already be cached in a database on the aircraft Plan the flight and navigate through the air Receive alerts and notifications Display current flight information

HITS air traffic management continued : 

HITS air traffic management continued Aviation Web Services Software components that can berun over the Internet and contain aviation data in an ExtensibleMarkup Language (XML) format Aircraft will be able to communi-cate information to other aircraftin the area

HITS air traffic management continued : 

HITS air traffic management continued Aircraft will broadcast their own Aviation Web Services to theNational Airspace System (NAS): Flight tracking information Local weather conditions (PIREPs) Equipment performance data and failures Controller Pilot Communications Markup Language (CPCML) Will use the Airborne Internet A private, secure, and reliable peer-to-peeraircraft communications network that uses the same technologies as the commercial Internet

Airborne Internet replaces stovepiped technology : 

Airborne Internet replaces stovepiped technology

Question: What is the nextmode of transportation? : 

Question: What is the nextmode of transportation? Adapted from www.skyaid.org

Answer: The Moller Skycar : 

“Mark my word: A combinationairplane and motor car is coming.You may smile. But it will come.” – Henry Ford, 1940 Answer: The Moller Skycar

Skycar information : 

Skycar information Personal airborne transportation system (door-to-door SATS): Drive to nearest vertiport (several blocks) Fly to vertiport nearest destination Drive to destination Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL): Needs a 35 foot diameter area vertiport Cul-de-sacs, parking lots, and top of buildings Ducted fan powered lift aircraft Deflects air vertically for takeoff and horizontally for forward flight Will use SATS and HITS technology

Skycar economics : 

Skycar economics Value: Door-to-door from West Chester, PA to Langley Research Center, VA (200 miles)in 40 minutes No switching between vehicles No airport parking, taxi, or car rental costs Looks cool Cost: Currently a million dollars Mass production will lower costbetween $60 K and $80 K

Skycar safety and environmental impact : 

Skycar safety and environmental impact Safety: Eight Wankel rotary engines Reliable – three moving parts per engine Redundant – two engines in each of the four intakes Engines can be modified to run on many different types of fuel 14.5 glide ratio Two ballistic airframe parachutes “Green”: Fuel efficient – 28 mpg Ultra-low emissions Quiet – 76 db

Skycar performance comparison : 

Skycar performance comparison * Projected

Skycar stages : 

Skycar stages 10 years Military – Light AerialMultipurpose Vehicle (LAMV) 20 years Air taxi with pilot 30 years Automated air taxi (electronically piloted) 40 years Private ownership (electronically piloted)

Aviation technology stages : 

Aviation technology stages

C3D Aero writes software that will help make the future a reality : 

C3D Aero writes software that will help make the future a reality

C3D Aero Vision and Mission : 

C3D Aero Vision and Mission Vision Enable pilots to access aviation data on the Internet from the cockpit Mission Create Web services for the aviation industry

Conclusion : 

Conclusion Aviation today Commercial aviation’s hub-and-spoke systemis overloaded Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) A transportation network that uses small aircraft and small airports is being built Highway In The Sky (HITS) A graphical flight path system that will make flyingas easy as – and safer than – driving a car The Moller Skycar Will usher in a new era of personal airborne transportation C3D Aero Builds Aviation Web Services that will help make the future a reality

Links : 

Links SATS and HITS http://sats.nasa.gov http://www.defensedaily.com/cgi/av/show_mag.cgi?pub=av&mon=0301&file=0301sats.htm http://www.aero-space.nasa.gov/library/nasao/highway.htm http://www.aerospace.nasa.gov/aero_blueprint/index.html http://www.airborneinternet.com Skycar http://www.moller.com http://www.skyaid.org/Skycar/overview2001.htm http://www.skyaid.org/Skycar/flying_driving_car.htm http://travel.howstuffworks.com/rotary-engine4.htm Web services http://www.c3daero.com/aviation/aviationwebservices.aspx http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,4149,103013,00.asp http://msdn.microsoft.com/webservices http://www.capeclear.com/products/webservices