The Doctrine of Sin by Jesse Morrell

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This is the teaching on sin by Jesse Morrell as taught by him in our YWAM School of Evangelism in Manila.

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THE DOCTRINE OF SIN:

THE DOCTRINE OF SIN This session will cover: What is sin? What is not sin? What are the conditions for sin? What is the source of sin? What is not the source of sin? What are the consequences of sin? What is the remedy of sin?

WHAT IS SIN?:

WHAT IS SIN? Is “sin” a gas, solid, or a liquid? Is it a fruit or a vegetable? Is sin physical or moral? Is sin voluntary or involuntary?

Slide 3:

Charles Finney defined sin as: “the breaking of religious law or moral principle, especially through willful act. Sin is evidenced through some willful thought, word, or act, involving free moral choice in which self is made, or considered, to be more important then God or fellowman. All acts of sin are acts of selfishness, and all selfish acts after the age of accountability are sinful. The foundation of sin is the selfish motive, or reason behind the act. Sins of commission: acts committed for selfish reasons. Sins of omission: without right acts for selfish reasons. Sins of ignorance: choosing to be ignorant of doing what one should or should not do for a selfish reason.” Both Webster and Pelagius simply defined sin as: “doing what is forbidden and failure to do what is commanded”.

Slide 4:

Sin is an unintelligent choice (Prov 19:3, Ecc 9:3, Matt 7:26) to rebel against the reigning of God (Luke 19:14), an attempt to dethrone God and establish yourself as the center of the universe (Isaiah 14:13-14); it is violation of known Law (James 4:17), it is transgression of the Law of God (1John 3:4). Sin is a selfish motive of the will (Matt 23:5), a state of the inner heart (Matt 5:28, Matt 15:18:19), which manifests itself into outward action and conduct. (Matt 12:33, Matt 12:35) Sin, as an inward motive of the heart, is completely voluntary. (Job 11:14, Matt 23:26, Romans 6:12) Sin is whatever the Divine Intelligence of God deems as harmful or hurtful to the highest well-being of all. (Deut 10:12-13, Luke 6:9) All sin is either against the person of God (Exodus 10:16, Exodus 20:3-11Deut 1:41, Deut 9:16, Josh 7:20, Judges 10:10, 2Kings 17:7, Jer 3:25, Jer 8:14, Luke 10:27) against the person of your neighbor (Exodus 10:16, Exodus 20:12-17, 2Chron 6:22, Luke 10:27), or against the person of yourself (Prov, 20:2, 1Cor 6:18). But all sin is rebellion against the law or government of God. (Lev 4:22, Dan 9:11, 1John 3:4) Sin is always voluntary, optional, and avoidable. (Gen 4:6-7, Eze 3:19, Eze 33:19, Jer 18:81Corinthians 10:13)

Slide 5:

CONSIDER: Sin is transgression of the law. (1John 3:4) The law is the law of love. (Deut 6:5, Matt 22:37-40, Mark 12:30-31, Luke 10:27) Love is a voluntary choice, a commitment of the will to the well-being of another, not an involuntary emotion or feeling. (John 13:15) (God commands us to love and only voluntary choices can be commanded. Involuntary emotion cannot be commanded, especially at the threat of eternal hell, since a man has no control over them. A man can be rightly commanded to do only what he has the power or ability to do.) The love required by the law is to love God supremely and neighbor equally, to promote the highest well-being of all according to their intrinsic value. Sin then, as transgression of the law, is a voluntary choice to love self supremely, when your intelligence (or conscience) dictates that we love God supremely and neighbor equally.

LOVE vs. SELFISHNESS:

LOVE vs. SELFISHNESS Love is a commitment of the will to promote the highest well-being of others; God supremely and neighbor equally. Selfishness is a commitment of the will to promote the highest well-being of self supremely. Selfishness is the supreme pursuit of ones own self-interest. In this state of selfishness, sinners neglect and/or harm the well-being of others. Love obeys the law (John 14:15, John 14:23, 1John 5:2, 1John 5:3), love is the fulfillment of the law (Romans 13:8, Romans 13:10, Gal 5:14, James 2:8) Therefore selfishness disobeys the law; selfishness is the breaking of the law.

SPECIFIC OUTWARD MANIFESTATIONS OF SIN:

SPECIFIC OUTWARD MANIFESTATIONS OF SIN Ten Commandments : Idolatry, blasphemy, lying, stealing, adultery, murder, etc (Exodus 10:3-17) These are not the root of sin but these are the manifestations of sin. Unbelief: being unwilling to live according to the revelation given by God. (Romans 1:18) Because unbelief is a choice , Jesus Christ marveled at it, rebuked it, and God punishes it. See: Matt 8:26, Matt 17:17, Mark 6:6, Mark 16:14, John 3:18)

WHY DO MEN CHOOSE TO SIN?:

WHY DO MEN CHOOSE TO SIN? All choices respect ends and means. Once an end is selected, means to that end are chosen, and volitions are executed to secure that end. Men sin against God and against neighbor because they are selfish. Selfishness is inward sin which gives birth to outward sin; it is the inward intention of the heart which manifests in outward expressions. - The sin of lying is motivated by selfishness - The sin of murder is motivated by selfishness - The sin of stealing is motivated by selfishness - The sin of unbelief is motivated by selfishness - All sin is motivated by selfishness; a willingness to serve self supremely and unwillingness to be governed rightly by God. The Bible says that those who walk after the flesh are self-willed and despise the government of God. (2Peter 2:10)

WHAT SIN IS NOT:

WHAT SIN IS NOT Sin is not a mistake or an accident. It is open rebellion against God. (Deut 31:27, Josh 22:22, Neh 9:17, Prov 17:11, Isaiah 30:9, Isaiah 65:2, Jer 5:23, Jer 28:16, Jer 29:32, Luke 19:14, Luke 19:27) Sin is not a substance of the body or soul. It is a state of the will (Isaiah 14:13-14, Luke 19:14), a condition of the heart (Matt 5:28, Matt 15:18-19, Matt 12:33. Matt Matt 12:35, Matt 23:5, Matt 23:26, Romans 6:12). Sin is not physical but moral . (James 4:17, 1John 3:4) Sin is not hereditary (2Kings 14:6, Deut 24:16, 2Chron 25:4, Eze 18:2-4, Eze 18:19-20, Romans 9:11). Sin is voluntary (Job 11:14, Matt 23:2, Romans 6:12), optional and avoidable (1Cor 10:13), and personal (2Cor 5:10, 2Cor 11:15, Rev 22:12).

THE CONDITIONS OF SIN:

THE CONDITIONS OF SIN Men are only responsible and accountable according to their ability . (Deut 6:5, Matt 22:37-40, Mark 12:30-31, Luke 10:27) All men are required to love with all of their ability, no more and no less. They are to love with all that they do have. “With all thy” is the command. Men are only responsible and accountable according to their knowledge . (Matt 10:15, Matt 11:21-22, Matt 11:24, Mark 6:11, Luke 10:12, Luke 10:14, John 9:41, John 15:22, James 4:17) The age of accountability is the age of reason , when an individual knows and understands right from wrong, then the idea of morality is developed in their mind. (Deut 1:39, Isaiah 7:16, James 4:17)

WHAT IS THE SOURCE OF SIN?:

WHAT IS THE SOURCE OF SIN? God is by no means the source of sin in the world. Everything God has created was good. (Gen 1:31) God created man in His image, thereby giving man freewill . (Gen 1:26) Freewill is the power of voluntary and contrary choice; the ability to choose good over evil or to choose evil over good. (Gen 4:6-7, Isaiah 7:15-16) God wanted man to use his freewill rightly, to use it the way that He Himself uses His own: to do good and not evil. (Genesis 6:5-6) While God is responsible for giving man freewill, man is responsible for how he uses it. (Gen 4:6-7, Genesis 6:5-6, 2Cor 5:10, 2Cor 11:15, Rev 22:12) Each individual is the cause of his own sin (Matt 12:35, Luke 6:45), thus each individual is responsible and accountable for their own sin. (Eze 18:2-4, Eze 18:19-20, 2Cor 5:10, 2Cor 11:15, Rev 22:12)

WHAT IS THE SOURCE OF TEMPTATION?:

WHAT IS THE SOURCE OF TEMPTATION? The flesh is often where temptation arises from. (James 1:14) The flesh tempts us to serve it supremely, in opposition to obeying our conscience and living by our intelligence. (Romans 7:21-23) This was the source of temptation for Eve. (Gen 3:6) The body in and of itself is not sinful as it is involuntary and physical, but to serve it supremely, or to submit to it in opposition to your intelligence (conscience) is sinful. (James 1:15) The source of temptation is the lust of the eye, lust of the flesh, or the pride of life. (1John 2:16)

WHAT IS NOT THE SOURCE OF SIN?:

WHAT IS NOT THE SOURCE OF SIN? God and His plan is not the source of sin. (James 1:13, 1John 1:5) Suppose: Sin is God’s plan God is angry with sin (Ps 7:11, Rom 1:18) God is grieved at sin (Gen 6:5-6, Heb 3:10) God would therefore be angry and grieved with His own plan Whomever God is angry with for sin must be the source of sin. Whomever God punishes for sin must be the cause of sin. God is angry with sinners for sin and punishes sinners for sin; therefore sinners must be the author of their sin. What a man is accountable for, a man must be responsible for. What a man is responsible for; a man must be the author of. God holds sinners accountable and responsible for their sin, because sinners are the cause of their own sin.

WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF SIN?:

WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF SIN? Separation from God: God cannot dwell with sin. (Isaiah 59:2, 1John 1:5) A sinful nature: you develop the law of habit and righteousness becomes harder and harder. A sinful nature is synonymous with the law of habit or the habit of sin. Your free choices determine your nature; your free choices create the law of habit. (Ephesians 2:2-3) The wrath of God: God must protect the Universe He loves. (Ps 7:11, Romans 1:18, Romans 2:5, Eph 5:6, Col 3:6)

WHAT IS THE REMEDY FOR SIN?:

WHAT IS THE REMEDY FOR SIN? The only solution to actual sin is actual repentance : a decision or committal of the will to turn from sin and follow Jesus. (Deuteronomy 30:19, Joshua 24:15, Isaiah 1:16-20, Isaiah 55:6-7, Hosea 10:12, Jeremiah 21:8, Ezekiel 18:30, Ezekiel 18:31, Ezekiel 18:32, Jeremiah 18:11, Jeremiah 26:13, Act 2:40, Acts 17:30, Romans 6:17, 1Corinthians 7:1, 2Timothy 2:21, James 4:2, James 4:8, James 4:9, James 4:10, 1Peter 1:22) Since sin is a personal decision to live selfishly, the solution is to make a personal decision to live benevolently . (Deut 6:5, Matt 22:37-40, Mark 12:30-31, Luke 10:27, John 14:15, John 14:23, 1John 5:2, 1John 5:3, Romans 13:8, Romans 13:10, Gal 5:14, James 2:8) Because of the atonement of Christ, we are given a loving motive to repent of our sins (Romans 2:4, 1John 4:9, 1John 4:19), and we are given an example as to how we are to live lovingly towards God and our fellow man. (John 13:15, 1Peter 2:21, 1Peter 4:1). If we make the decision to “ walk in the light as He is in the light”, then “the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.” (1John 1:7)

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