Understanding of Cancer Treatment with GoIndiaMedical

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fundamental of cancer treatement

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UNDERSTANDING CANCER:

UNDERSTANDING CANCER

WHAT IS CANCER?:

WHAT IS CANCER? Cancer is a huge group of diseases characterized by unrestrained growth and spread of odd cells.

Normal Cells Vs. Cancer Cells:

Normal Cells Vs. Cancer Cells Cancer cells: Be unable to find control over growth and multiplication Do not self-destruct when they become worn out out or damaged Crowd out healthy cells

Growth of Cancer Cells:

Growth of Cancer Cells Cancer cells reproduce every 2-6 weeks. Cancer cells size: One million cancer cells = head of a pin One billion cancer cells = a small grape

Signs and Symptoms of Cancer:

Signs and Symptoms of Cancer Change in bowel lifestyle or bladder functions Sores that do not heal Abnormal bleeding or discharge Hickening of breast or other parts of the body Difficulty swallowing Recent change in mole Determined coughing.

Causes Of Cancer?:

Causes Of Cancer? LIFESTYLE ENVOURMENT GENETIC

LIFESTYLE RISK:

LIFESTYLE RISK Smoking Diet high fat and low in fruits and vegetables Lack of exercise Unprotected exposure to the UV rays Obesity.

Environmental Risks:

Environmental Risks Second hand smoke Pollution from air Industrial pollution Chemical exposures

Inherited Risks:

Inherited Risks Less than 15% of cancers are hereditary Gene mutations are linked to some inherited cancers Cancers that may be cause by inherited gene mutations are: Colon cancer Breast cancer Ovarian Prostate cancer Skin cancer

Screening Tests and Self-exams:

Screening Tests and Self-exams Screening tests: Colon Breast Cervical Prostate Self-exams: Testicular Skin

Why Screening Tests?:

Why Screening Tests? The dealing with cancer is most successful when the cancer is detected as early as possible, often before symptoms take place.

Colon Cancer:

Colon Cancer Most colon cancers start as a polyps Removing polyps can avoid colon cancer

Colon Cancer Screening Guidelines:

Colon Cancer Screening Guidelines Age of 50 and older younger if there is a family history Yearly fecal occult blood test Elastic sigmoidoscopy every 5 years Yearly FOBT and sigmoidoscopy every 5 years Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years Colonoscopy every 10 years

Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines:

Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines Yearly mammograms starting at age 40 Clinical breast exams about every three years for women in their 20s and 30s every year for women 40 and over.

Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines:

Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines Women should report any breast change promptly to their health care providers. Women at increased risk should speak with their doctors about the benefits and restrictions of starting mammography screening earlier, having additional tests or having more regular exams.

Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines :

Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines Annual pap testing should begin with the onset of sexual activity or at age 18 examine pros & cons of new HPV vaccine Pap testing should continue less frequently at the discretion of the medical provider and patient after three or more annual tests have been normal

Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines:

Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines Men should speak to their doctor about the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening Prostate specific antigen and digital rectal examinations are recommended for men above 50

Testicular Cancer Screening Guidelines:

Testicular Cancer Screening Guidelines It is recommended that a testicular exam be conducted through routine cancer-related checkups. It is supposed that it is important to make men aware of testicular cancer and that any unusual mass should be evaluated by a health care provider without delay.

Skin Cancer:

Skin Cancer The ABCD’s of melanoma of skin cancer A symmetry: one half is not like the other B order: the edges are jagged or irregular C olor: the color is varied, tan, red, black etch D iameter: the diameter is larger than 8mm

Skin Cancer Prevention:

Skin Cancer Prevention It is important to: Defend your skin with hats, long sleeves and sunscreen Do a self examination of your skin monthly Become recognizable with any moles, freckles or other abnormalities on your skin Check for changes once a month.

Good News!:

Good News! Other Ways to Reduce the Risks of Developing Cancer…

Avoid Smoking or Chewing Tobacco:

Avoid Smoking or Chewing Tobacco Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the world Second hand smoke affects everyone

Fruits and Vegetables Decrease Cancer Risks:

Fruits and Vegetables Decrease Cancer Risks Cancer rates could turn down by up to 20% if everyone consumed 5 fruits and vegetables a day! Cancer struggle substances: Antioxidants Dietary fiber Carotenoids Flavenoids

Limit Alcohol to No More Than :

Limit Alcohol to No More Than Men – 2 drinks per day Women - 1 drink per day

Reduce Your Skin Exposure to the Sun:

Reduce Your Skin Exposure to the Sun Limit time outside, between 10 a.m. & 4 p.m. Wear defending clothing. Prevent sunburns, especially for children under 18. Avoid tanning beds.

Be Active…Often:

Be Active…Often Exercise for 30 minutes or more at least 4 days a week.

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