New Canadians - Voting in Canada

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Learn about elections and Voting in Canada.

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New Canadians:

New Canadians Voting in Canada By AIC| An Informal Cornr

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Type of Elections Government Federal Elections , a nation wide election process with votes cast from the Public across the nation. The most voted Party representatives, will have their leader as Prime Minister. The 2 nd (second) largest voted in Party becomes the official Opposition party. Terms are usually four years. Treaty Partners

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Provincial Elections , an Election process with votes cast by the public but only for their Province. The political party with most representatives elected then become the governing party for the Province, and their Party leader becomes the Premier. Terms are 4 years unless a vacancy opens .

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Territorial Elections , an election process with voting cast by the public for an Independent representative, as there are no political parties, in Nunavut and NWT, in close keeping with Inuit style of governance. They, Members of the Legislative Assembly, MLA's, in turn, vote by secret ballot, their choice for Speaker, Premier, Cabinet and Ministers. Many decisions and laws must have a majority of votes by MLA's for approval, to pass.

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Municipal Elections , elections that take place at the Municipal level. Candidates file nomination forms to apply for Mayor or Council members. They are not allowed to work in two positions. They tend to matters of their township or city. Terms vary but majority falls into serving 4 year terms. Nunavut, 3 years for major areas and 1 year for hamlets. Yukon has 3 year terms. First Nations Elections , similar to Municipal elections but nominations are usually done by recommendation, or asked, with tobacco gift, from a community member, family or friends, and must be Seconded by another community member, to qualify. They may run for Chief or Council and/or both positions but work only in one position. Some may retain their jobs, mostly business owners, or take a leave of absence. They will be in office for a term no longer than 2 years.

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Other Elections Public & Private Organizations , considered as 3 rd parties and usually following Not for Profit Corporations Act with articles, rules, regulations and by-laws. Acceptance of members is done by resolution from Directors accepting membership. One class of membership must be allowed voting rights. Annual meetings are scheduled for members for voting on financial issues, changes of regulations, and/or Directors. Notices are sent to voting members, resolutions will pass upon agreement of a set Quorum. Corporate Elections , follow Canada Corporations Act, applying rules, regulations, and by-laws. Shareholders will vote or appoint Directors for various terms. They operate similarly to a Not for Profit corporation. Directors vote in Executive Officers to act as President, Treasurer and Secretary. Trade Union Elections , applicant unions require a Constitution and officers for certification. No labour laws regulate elections or officers in unions but will defer to courts for contractual matters. Common law or labour laws are referenced for ensuring prevention of dishonest actions against members and/or dealing with complaints.

Election Terms:

Election Terms By-elections By-elections can be called due to a vacancy in a riding. A date is set by the Governor-General between 11- 180 days after being informed by the Speaker of the House of Commons (HOC) Referendums Federal governments can call for nationwide referendums on major issues to be voted upon by the People. This does not mean the government is bound to act upon the results of the public decision or recommendations. Many First Nation leaders allow their communities to have a say in policies via community ratification, similar to referendums, especially if direct effects upon the People will be felt by Canadian government laws. Riding A Federal geographical area, region, or, district with it's own body of voters who elect a representative to become their member of parliament, MP.

Who can Vote?:

Who can Vote? Every adult, Man or Woman, over 18 years old, and a Canadian citizen , is allowed, and encouraged, to Vote in Canada . Immigrants new to Canada can apply for Permanent resident status but not allowed to Vote. Applying and acceptance for Canadian citizenship will allow new Canadians to Vote wherever they live Canada.

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What am I Voting about? Questions to consider - are they there for You? Why is there Opposition? Check why people say No. Learn to stay politically informed. Ask, observe, meet your government. Who is truly helping the People? not just the few but ALL the people. Canada is a nation of people with protected languages, nationalities, and ethnic groups. One voice or view should not rule. Cast your Vote to protect and grow our Canada into a better society. Political Party representatives will host campaigns where you will be invited to meet and listen to their platform, an outline of their goals for the nation. Every Party will compete for political power via the Elections. Voting should be about how you would like to see Canada grow as a nation vs direction by a few.

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Resources Government of Canada Elections Canada Canadian Constitution How Government Works By AIC| An Informal Cornr

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