PSy 489: Backing up your claims - Citing sources with APA

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Backing up your claims:

Backing up your claims Using APA to cite sources and provide evidence for your paper

Providing evidence for your claims:

Providing evidence for your claims When do you need to cite something? When your claim is not common knowledge or is controversial When you are rephrasing or quoting someone else When you are stating a fact or expert opinion When don’t you need to cite something? When it is common knowledge or uncontested CITE: Social support can help to buffer against stressful life events (Barrera, 2000; Sandler , Braver, & Gensheimer , 2000). NO NEED TO CITE: Many different kinds of birds live in Hawaii.

Most Important Things:

Most Important Things Cite your sources in the text – always! Failure to do so is plagiarism Provide full references at the end of your document Rephrase rather than quoting in most instances When quoting , remember to include the page number along with author and date Do your best to follow APA style, and when in doubt check the APA manual or the Internet

APA Style: Basic Citations:

APA Style: Basic Citations Ethnography and phenomenology are qualitative methods suited to distinct purposes and settings (Creswell, 2007). Culture is forged through activities that instill shared meanings (O’Donnell, 2006; O’Donnell & Tharp, 2011).

Citation basics: Authors:

Citation basics: Authors One author Research by Creswell (2007) supports… (Creswell, 2007) Two authors O’Donnell and Tharp (2011) state… (O’Donnell & Tharp, 2011) Three – five authors In a study by Sandler, Braver, and Gensheimer (2000)… (Sandler, Braver, & Gensheimer ) -first use; (Sandler, et al., 2000) – subsequent uses Six or more authors ( Umemoto et al., 2009)

Citations: Advanced :

Citations: Advanced Organization as author According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2007 ) More than one article cited ( Barrera, 2000; Sandler , Braver, & Gensheimer , 2000). Indirect source Creswell states that … (as cited in Cardazone, 2011) . Personal communication D. Sevy stated… (personal communication, March 8, 2012). Unknown author or date Community psychology is… (“About SCRA”, n.d. )

Use quotations sparingly:

Use quotations sparingly Rather than viewing IPV as a problem of individual psychopathology or relationship dysfunction, the political DV movement characterizes domestic violence as “an expression of culturally-normative male privilege and domination” ( Lehrner & Allen, 2008, p. 221). As O’Donnell (2006) states “When we engage in activities with others in common settings, we share our understandings of our context and these shared experiences become intersubjective . These intersubjectivities are the shared meanings of culture." (p. 5)

APA Style: Basic References:

APA Style: Basic References Lehrner , A., & Allen, N. E. (2008). Social change movements and the struggle over meaning-making: A case study of domestic violence narratives. American Journal of Community Psychology , 42 (3-4), 220-234. Authors (Date) Title Journal Title, Volume # Issue Pages Try an acronym to help you remember: A my D ared T o J ump V ertically I nto P uddles

APA Style: Electronic References :

APA Style: Electronic References Citations Follow same rules - try to find authors, date References – list as much info as possible Author , A ., & Author, B . ( Date) . Article title. Journal Title, Vol number, page range. doi:0000000/ 000000000000 Author, A. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Newspaper Title. Retrieved from http:// www.website.com /01/ Author , A. & Author , B.. (Date or n.d. ) . Title of document. Retrieved from http:// www.website.com /

Formatting :

Formatting Main Heading Major Section 1 This first section will discuss some things. And then we’ll have some other sections. First sub-section. Start text here. Have some more text. Then if you have a few ideas about this have a sub-section. First sub-sub-section. Start here. And if you want to get really crazy you can have a subsection within that. Section within a sub-sub-section. Start here

Formatting: Example:

Formatting: Example Community Health Psychology Social-Ecological Levels Text here. Individual level. Text here. Interpersonal level. Text here. Families. Text here Friends. Text here. Community level. Text here. Interventions Intervention at the individual level. Text here. (And so on)

References :

References Angeli , E., Wagner, J., Lawrick , E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund , L., Brizee , A., & Russel , K. (2012). APAFormatting and Style Guide . Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01 Barrera, M. (2000). Social support research in community psychology. Handbook of community psychology , 215–245 . Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2007). CDC’s State-Based Nutrition and Physical Activity Program to Prevent Obesity and Other Chronic Diseases: Social -Ecological Model. HHS/CDC/NPAO. Creswell , J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches . Sage Publications, Inc . Lehrner , A., & Allen, N. E. (2008). Social change movements and the struggle over meaning -making: A case study of domestic violence narratives. American Journal of Community Psychology , 42 (3-4), 220-234. Sandler, I. N., Braver, S., & Gensheimer , L. (2000). Stress theory, research and action. Handbook of community psychology , 187–213 . Umemoto , K., Baker, C., Helm, S., Miao, T.-A., Goebert , D., & Hishinuma , E. (2009). Moving toward comprehensiveness and sustainability in a social ecological approach to youth violence prevention: Lessons from the Asian/Pacific Islander Youth Violence Prevention Center. American Journal of Community Psychology , 44 (3), 221-232.

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