Slide 1: Harsha vardhan G. Nature & Meaning Of Culture Meaning Of Culture : Meaning Of Culture In a restricted sense, culture refers to the advance development of human body, mind, and spirit.
Culture is the sum total of human achievements, material as well as non-material, capable of transmission.
The literature, religion and social practices of the people, reveal their culture.
Anthropologists define culture as an acquired behaviour in human beings. Meaning Of Culture 2 : Meaning Of Culture 2 Culture is a living organism, it must change according to the changing conditions.
If culture becomes rigid and stangant, then it gets outdated, old and ultimately dies.
But it is a conscious creation of the society, for the development of higher and happier social life.
Like living organism the culture grows, matures, decays and dies. Sides Of Culture : Sides Of Culture The external side of the culture includes political, social and religious institutions
They are adjustable.
The internal side of the culture consists of spiritual elements. They are the finer sentiments of dharma, kindness, piety, equality and justice.
Their importance is universal and permanent. Some Changes Of Culture : Some Changes Of Culture The cultures of ancient Italy, Greece and Egypt were short lived.
Once they were very powerful, but after the advent of Christianity and Islam, they lost their vitality and died. Slide 6: Some cultures are very long lived.
They were accommodative and adjustable, such as the Indian culture
Of course, the Islamic and the European cultures influenced it, but the new cultures only set new trends in it.
Islamic culture gave rise to Bhakti movement.
European culture set out powerful social and religious movements, such as the Arya Samaj and the Brahma Samaj. Slide 7: Indian culture is vast and complex.
It is constantly building new forms.
Indian culture is just like an ocean in which all rivers of different cultures find their refuse.
It is almost impossible to define culture precisely.
Arbindo defines culture as a harmony of spirit, mind and body.
He also defines it as the expression of consciousness of life. Three Aspects Of Arbindo Culture : Three Aspects Of Arbindo Culture Firstly, philosophical or religious which it relates to the thoughts, the ideals, the will, the soul and the aspirations.
Secondly, creative where it includes self expression, appreciation and ascetics, intelligence and imagination. And relates to desire to work and intelligence.
Thirdly, aspect of culture is the practical and outward formulation, such as eating, dressing and other activities. Slide 9: The culture of India has been shaped by its long history, unique geography, diverse demographics and the absorption of customs, traditions and ideas from some of its neighbours as well as by preserving its ancient heritages, which were formed during the Indus Valley Civilization and evolved further during the Vedic age, rise and decline of Buddhism, Golden age, Muslim conquests and European colonization.
India's great diversity of religious practices, languages, customs, and traditions are examples of this unique co-mingling over the past five millennium. The various religions and traditions of India that were created by these amalgamations have influenced other parts of the world too. SALIENT FEATURES OF CULTURE : SALIENT FEATURES OF CULTURE Culture includes artificial, physical and non-physical products, such as goods, process, ideas, habits and values.
The philosophy, religion, and language of the people are the integral part of their culture.
Culture is divided into two different aspects, such as the artificial products and the social customs.
Culture has external and internal aspects. Slide 11: Culture helps to understand the working of human mind, his background and possible future course of action.
The culture is the organized system of human activities called the institutions. Culture and Civilization : Culture and Civilization Civilization is generally measured in terms of material achievements and efficiency.
So its stage can be estimate or measured.
But culture cannot be measured and compared in this way.
Civilization can be easily borrowed and planted. But culture cannot.
Culture is developed in the society where it exists.
Civilization is what we have, but culture is, what we produce and what we have Slide 14: THANK YOU