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D rugs A drug is any chemical you take that affects the way your body works. Alcohol, caffeine, aspirin and nicotine are all drugs. A drug must be able to pass from your body into your brain. Once inside your brain, drugs can change the messages your brain cells are sending to each other, and to the rest of your body. They do this by interfering with your brain's own chemical signals: neurotransmitters that transfer signals across synapses .


DRUG ADDICTION Drug addiction is a dependence on an illegal drug or a medication. When you're addicted, you may not be able to control your drug use and you may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes. Drug addiction can cause an intense craving for the drug. You may want to quit, but most people find they can't do it on their own. For many people, what starts as casual use leads to drug addiction. Drug addiction can cause serious, long-term consequences, including problems with physical and mental health, relationships, employment and the law. You may need help from your doctor, family, friends, support groups or an organized treatment program to overcome your drug addiction and stay drug-free.


DIFFERENT TYPES OF DRUGS Nicotine Found in cigarettes, cigars, bidis , and smokeless tobacco (snuff, spit tobacco, chew) Alcohol (ethyl alcohol) Found in liquor, beer, and wine Marijuana Blunt, dope, ganja, grass, herb, joint, bud, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, green, trees, smoke, sinsemilla , skunk, weed Heroin Diacetylmorphine : smack, horse, brown sugar, dope, H, junk, skag , skunk, white horse, China white; cheese (with OTC cold medicine and antihistamine) Cocaine Cocaine hydrochloride : blow, bump, C, candy, Charlie, coke, crack, flake, rock, snow, toot


Amphetamine Biphetamine , Dexedrine : bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers MDMA (methylene- dioxy - methamph-etamine ) Ecstasy, Adam, clarity, Eve, lover's speed, peace, uppers GHB ** Gamma- hydroxybutyrate : G, Georgia home boy, grievous bodily harm, liquid ecstasy, soap, scoop, goop, liquid X Ketamine Ketalar SV:  cat Valium, K, Special K, vitamin K PCP and analogs Phencyclidine:  angel dust, boat, hog, love boat, peace pill


Salvia divinorum Salvia, Shepherdess's Herb, Maria Pastora , magic mint, Sally-D Dextrometh -orphan (DXM) Found in some cough and cold medications: Robotripping , Robo , Triple C LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide:  acid, blotter, cubes, microdot yellow sunshine, blue heaven   Mescaline Buttons, cactus, mesc , peyote Psilocybin Magic mushrooms, purple passion, shrooms , little smoke


CAUSES OF DRUGS The first cause is simple curiosity. Many teens have heard about drugs, and they are curious to experience them for themselves. They have heard that drugs can be fun, or make a person feel and act different. Maybe they have seen their friends or family members behave differently while on drugs, and they want to see how it really feels. We see drugs on TV and movies every day. Many young people encounter them at school, at home or in their neighborhood. It is not unusual to be curious about something you see and hear about so often, so many people first try drugs because they are curious about them.


Another reason young people take drugs is to escape their reality. Maybe their home life is not very happy. Maybe they have a boring job, are not doing well in school, or are just not happy with their life for whatever reason. For many people, drugs are a way to escape that unhappy reality. They can feel a little braver, stronger, a little smarter, more beautiful or more important. Of course this doesn’t last long, but that doesn’t matter. For the brief time that the drugs are taking affect, the user can forget about the problems, responsibilities and limitations of everyday life and escape to a fantasy world. It is no secret that drugs change the way you feel; this is why they are so attractive to young people despite their dangers.


Young people also take drugs to feel cool and impress their friends. If your friends all smoke marijuana, you will probably be expected to smoke it, too. If they snort cocaine, they will offer it to you. They may tell you that you are scared or acting like a baby if you don’t want to try it. This push to do what your friends are doing is called peer pressure, and it has a very strong effect on young people who don’t want to appear uncool to their friends. Some kids will do whatever their friends do, just to fit in and follow the crowd. They don’t want to be the only one not doing something, even if it is something dangerous, like taking drugs. Unfortunately, many young people become involved in drugs before they are fully aware of the health risks and the power of addiction. They need to understand the ways young people first become involved with drugs so they can beware of them. Many curious teens have died the first time they tried certain drugs, like ecstasy. Others have found their temporary escape became a permanent addiction. Was it worth it?


EFFECTS OF DRUGS Drugs are chemicals. Different drugs, because of their chemical structures, can effect the body in different ways. In fact, some drugs can even change a person's body and brain in ways that last long after the person has stopped taking drugs, maybe even permanently. Depending on the drug, it can enter the human body in a number of ways, including injection, inhalation, and ingestion. The method of how it enters the body impacts on how the drug affects the person. For example: injection takes the drug directly into the blood stream, providing more immediate effects; while ingestion requires the drug to pass through the digestive system, delaying the effects. Most abused drugs directly or indirectly target the brain's reward system by flooding the circuit with dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter present in regions of the brain that regulate movement, emotion, cognition, motivation, and feelings of pleasure. When drugs enter the brain, they can actually change how the brain performs its jobs. These changes are what lead to compulsive drug use, the hallmark of addiction.


HOW TO PREVENT DRUG ADDICTION Families: Evidence-based family skills training programmes have been found to be the most effective way to prevent substance use among children and adolescents. These programmes target the whole family and offer skills-building for parents on monitoring and supervision of children's activities, communication and setting age appropriate limits. Schools: Schools have been an important setting for UNODC to reach many children and adolescents with prevention activities. Evidence-based drug education based on life skills that offer personal, social, resistance and communication skills, as well as information about the short-term effects of drugs through a series of session offered by trained teachers


Workplace: UNODC has many years of experience in working with employers and employees together to develop and implement policies against substance abuse in the workplace. Such policies are designed to promote the health of employees by preventing substance abuse and assisting those with a drug dependence problem Monitoring and Evaluation: For practitioners who want to improve the monitoring and evaluation of their programmes for the prevention of substance and drug abuse, we provide some useful guidelines and training materials. 



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