Teaching Approaches and Methods

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Teaching Approaches and Methods : Approach – is a set of assumptions that define beliefs and theories about the nature of the learner and the process of learning. Method – is an overall plan for systematic presentation of a lesson based upon a selected approach. Techniques – are the specific activities manifested in the classroom that are consistent with a method and therefore in harmony with an approach as well. It is also referred to a task or activity .

The Teaching Approaches of the Subjects in the K to 12 Curriculum:

The Teaching Approaches of the Subjects in the K to 12 Curriculum Section 5 of the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, states to wit: The DepEd shall adhere to the following standards and principles in developing the enhanced basic education curriculum: a. The curriculum shall be learner-centered, inclusive and developmentally appropriate;

b. The curriculum shall be relevant, responsive and research based;:

b. The curriculum shall be relevant, responsive and research based; The curriculum shall be culture – sensitive ; The curriculum shall be contextualized and global; The curriculum shall use pedagogical approaches that are constructivist, inquiry-based, reflective, collaborative and integrative; f. The curriculum shall adhere to the principles and framework of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) which starts

from where the learners are and from what they already knew proceeding from the known :

from where the learners are and from what they already knew proceeding from the known to the unknown; instructional materials and capable teachers to implement the MTB-MLE curriculum shall be available; The curriculum shall use the spiral progression approach to ensure mastery of knowledge and skills after each level; and h. The curriculum shall be flexible enough and allow schools to localize, indigenize and enhance the same based on their respective educational and social contexts.

The teaching approaches to the K to 12 based on the Principles cited::

The teaching approaches to the K to 12 based on the Principles cited: Learner-centered – in this instruction, choice of teaching method and technique with the learner as the primary consideration - his/her nature, innate faculties or abilities, how he/she learns, his/her developmental stage, multiple intelligences, learning styles, needs concerns, interests, feelings, home and educational background.

Inclusive - means that no students is excluded from the circle of learners. Everyone is “in” :

Inclusive - means that no students is excluded from the circle of learners. Everyone is “in” Teaching is for all students regardless of origin, socio – economic background, gender, ability, nationality. No “teacher favorites”, no outcast, no promdi . Everyone feels he/she belongs. Developmentally appropriate - The tasks required of students are within their developmental stages.

Responsive and relevant - it means making the teaching more meaningful. How?:

Responsive and relevant - it means making the teaching more meaningful. How ? - when one relates or connects the lessons to the students’ daily experiences, - when what is taught answers to the questions and concerns of the students, - when there is no place for meaningless “ mile-wide-inch-deep teaching” . No teaching-to-the test. This does not mean however, no more test. It is teaching only for the test that is meaningless that is referred to here and therefore you have to avoid it by all means.

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