Types of Warehouses

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Types of Warehouses


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Types of Warehouses:

Types o f Warehouses Dr. G C Mohanta, BE( Mech ), MSc( Engg ), MBA, PhD(Mgt) Professor Al-Qurmoshi Institute of Business Management, Hyderabad – 500005

Types of Warehouses:

Types o f Warehouses The following are the major types of warehouses: ( i ) Private Warehouses, (ii) Public Warehouses, (iii) Government Warehouses, (iv)Bonded Warehouses, (v) Co-operative Warehouses, (vi) Distribution Centres/Warehouses, (vii) Automated Warehouses, (viii) Climate-Controlled Warehouse

Private Warehouses:

Private Warehouses These types of warehouses are owned by individual producers, manufacturers, wholesalers, etc. in different cities for the storage of their own goods. Theses warehouses are constructed by the owners according to the nature of the commodity to be stored. These products are stored and supplied in the market as demanded. The cotton mills, the flour mills, the beverage companies, the diesel and petrol companies, etc. also establish their own special warehouses according to the need and demand of the market. The big farmers in the villages also set up their own warehouses for storing their production of cotton, wheat, rice, tobacco, fruits, etc.

Public Warehouses:

Public Warehouses The warehouses which are run to store goods of the general public are known as public warehouses.  Any one can store his goods in these warehouses on payment of rent.  An individual, a partnership firm or a company may own these warehouses.  To start such warehouses a licence from the government is required. The government also regulates the functions and operations of these warehouses.  Mostly these warehouses are used by manufacturers, producers, wholesalers, exporters, importers, government agencies, etc.

Government Warehouses:

Government Warehouses These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by central or state governments or public corporations or local authorities.  Both government and private enterprises may use these warehouses to store their goods. Central Warehousing Corporation of India, State Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation of India are examples of agencies maintaining government warehouses.

Bonded Warehouses:

Bonded Warehouses These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by government as well as private agencies. Private bonded warehouses have to obtain licence from the government.  Bonded warehouses are used to store imported goods for which import duty is to be paid. In case of imported goods, the importers are not allowed to take away the goods from the ports, till such duty is paid. These warehouses are generally owned by dock authorities and found near the ports.

Co-operative Warehouses:

Co-operative Warehouses These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by co-operative societies.  They provide warehousing facilities at the most economical rates to the members of their society.

Distribution Centres/Warehouses:

Distribution Centres/Warehouses These are the warehouses where product storage is considered a very temporary activity. These warehouses serve as points in the distribution system at which products are received from many suppliers and quickly shipped out to many customers. In some cases, such as, with distribution centres handling perishable food, most of the product enters in the early morning and is distributed by the end of the day.

Automated Warehouses:

Automated Warehouses With advancement in computer & robotics technology many warehouses have automated capabilities . The level of automation ranges from a small conveyor belt transporting products in a small area all the way up to a fully automated facility where only a few people are needed to handle storage activity for thousands of kilograms of product. Many warehouses use machines to handle nearly all physical distribution activities , such as, moving product-filled pallets around buildings that may be several stories tall and the length of two or more football fields.

Climate-Controlled Warehouse:

Climate-Controlled Warehouse These types of warehouses handle storage of many types of products those need: Special handling conditions, such as, freezers for storing frozen products, Humidity-controlled environments for delicate products, such as, produce or flowers , and Dirt-free facilities for handling highly sensitive computer products.

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