Personality and Personality Traits

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Personality and Personality Traits

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Personality & Personality Traits:

Personality & Personality Traits Dr. G C Mohanta , BE, MSc( Engg ), MBA, PhD(Mgt) Professor Al- Qurmoshi Institute of Business Management Hyderabad

Personality & Personality Traits :

Personality & Personality Traits Personality : The pattern of relatively enduring ways in which a person feels, thinks, and behaves. Develops over a person’s lifetime Generally stable in the context of work Can influence career choice, job satisfaction, stress, leadership, and even performance Personality Traits : A specific component of personality that describes particular tendencies a person has to feel, think, and act in certain ways.

Personality Traits:

Personality Traits Core Self-Evaluation The degree to which people like or dislike themselves Positive self-evaluation leads to higher job performance Machiavellianism A pragmatic, emotionally distant power-player who believes that ends justify the means High Machs are manipulative, win more often, and persuade more than they are persuaded; flourish when: Have direct interaction Work with minimal rules and regulations Emotionally distract others Narcissism An arrogant, entitled, self-important person who needs excessive admiration Less effective in their jobs

Personality Traits (Contd.) :

Personality Traits (Contd.) Proactive Personality Identifies opportunities, shows initiative, takes action, and perseveres to complete Creates positive change in the environment Risk Taking The willingness to take chances. May be best to align propensities with job requirements. Risk takers make faster decisions with less information.

Organisationally Relevant Personality Traits :

Organisationally Relevant Personality Traits

Locus of Control:

10 Locus of Control Internal Locus of Control : Describes people who believe that ability, effort, or their own actions determine what happens to them. External Locus of Control : Describes people who believe that fate, luck, or outside forces are responsible for what happens to them.

Self-Monitoring:

11 Self-Monitoring The extent to which people try to control the way they present themselves to others. Can be high or low

Self-Esteem:

12 Self-Esteem The extent to which people have pride in themselves and their capabilities. Can be high or low Not situation specific

Type A vs. Type B Personality:

13 Type A vs. Type B Personality Type B: A person who tends to be easygoing and relaxed. Type A: A person who has an intense desire to achieve, is extremely competitive, and has a strong sense of urgency.

McClelland’s Needs:

14 McClelland’s Needs Need for Achievement : The desire to perform challenging tasks well and to meet one’s own high standards. Need for Affiliation : The desire to establish and maintain good relations with others. Need for Power : The desire to exert emotional and behavioral control or influence over others.

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