Big 5 Personality Traits & MBTI Inventory

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Big 5 Personality Traits & MBTI Inventory

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Big 5 Personality Traits & MBTI Inventory:

Big 5 Personality Traits & MBTI Inventory Dr. G C Mohanta, BE, MSc(Engg), MBA, PhD(Mgt) Professor Al-Qurmoshi Institute of Business Management Hyderabad

Big 5 Personality Traits & MBTI Inventory:

Big 5 Personality Traits & MBTI Inventory Two dominant frameworks used to describe personality traits: Big 5 Personality Traits and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Inventory,

Big 5 Personality Traits:

2 Big 5 Personality Traits Big 5 Model of Personality Traits places five general personality traits at the top of the trait hierarchy: Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness , Neuroticism or (inversely) Emotional Stability and Openness to Experience.

Extroversion:

Extroversion Extroversion is marked by pronounced engagement with the external world. Extroverts enjoy being with people, are full of energy, and often experience positive emotions. They tend to be enthusiastic, action-oriented, individuals who are likely to say "Yes!" or "Let's go!" to opportunities for excitement. In groups they like to talk, assert themselves, and draw attention to themselves. Introverts lack the exuberance, energy, and activity levels of extroverts. They tend to be quiet, low-key, deliberate, and disengaged from the social world. Their lack of social involvement should not be interpreted as shyness or depression; The introvert simply needs less stimulation than an extrovert and prefers to be alone.

Agreeableness:

Agreeableness Agreeableness reflects individual differences in concern with cooperation and social harmony. Agreeable individuals value getting along with others. They are therefore considerate, friendly, generous, helpful, and willing to compromise their interests with others'. Agreeable people also have an optimistic view of human nature. They believe people are basically honest, decent, and trustworthy. Disagreeable individuals place self-interest above getting along with others . They are generally unconcerned with others' well-being, and therefore are unlikely to extend themselves for other people. Sometimes their skepticism about others' motives causes them to be suspicious, unfriendly, and uncooperative.

Conscientiousness:

Conscientiousness Conscientiousness concerns the way in which we control, regulate, and direct our impulses. Impulses are not inherently bad; occasionally time constraints require a snap decision, and acting on our first impulse can be an effective response. Also, in times of play rather than work, acting spontaneously and impulsively can be fun. Impulsive individuals can be seen by others as colorful, fun-to-be-with, and zany. Conscientiousness includes the factor known as Need for Achievement. Unconscientiously people may be criticized for their unreliability, lack of ambition, and failure to stay within the lines, But they will experience many short-lived pleasures and they will never be called stuffy.

Neuroticism or (inversely) Emotional Stability:

Neuroticism or (inversely) Emotional Stability Neuroticism refers to the tendency to experience negative feelings. Those who score high on Neuroticism may experience negative feeling, such as, anxiety, anger, or depression, People high in Neuroticism are emotionally reactive. They respond emotionally to events that would not affect most people, and their reactions tend to be more intense than normal. They are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening, and minor frustrations as hopelessly difficult. Their negative emotional reactions tend to persist for unusually long periods of time, which means they are often in a bad mood. These problems in emotional regulation can diminish a neurotic's ability to think clearly, make decisions, and cope effectively with stress.

Openness to Experience:

Openness to Experience Openness to Experience style distinguishes imaginative, creative people from down-to-earth, conventional people. Open people are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. They tend to be more aware of their feelings. They tend to think and act in individualistic & nonconforming ways. People with low scores on openness to experience tend to have narrow, common interests. They prefer the plain, straightforward, and obvious over the complex, ambiguous, and subtle. They may regard the arts and sciences with suspicion, regarding these endeavors as having no practical use. Closed people prefer familiarity over novelty; They are conservative and resistant to change.

How Do the Big Five Traits Predict Behavior?:

How Do the Big Five Traits Predict Behavior? Highly conscientious people develop more job knowledge, exert greater effort, and have better performance. Emotional stability is related to job satisfaction. Extroverts tend to be happier in their jobs and have good social skills. Open people are more creative and can be good leaders. Agreeable people are good in social settings.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Inventory (MBTI):

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Inventory (MBTI) The Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator is designed to identify a person's personality type, strengths, and preferences. In the heart of Myers Briggs theory, there are four simple preferences: Favorite world: Do we prefer to focus on the outer world or on our own inner world? This is called Extraversion (E) or Intraversion (I). Information: Do we prefer to focus on the basic information we take in or do we prefer to interpret and add meaning? This is called Sensing (S) or Intuition (N).

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Inventory (MBTI) (Contd.):

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Inventory (MBTI) (Contd.) Decisions: When making decisions, do we prefer to first look at logic and consistency or first look at the people and special circumstances? This is called Thinking (T) or Feeling (F). Structure : In dealing with the outside world, do we prefer to get things decided or do we prefer to stay open to new information and options? This is called Judging (J) or Perceiving (P). Personality Type: When we decide on our preferences in each category, we have our own personality type, which can be expressed as a code with four letters. Having preferences for E, S, T & J gives personality type of ESTJ.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Inventory (MBTI) (Contd.):

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Inventory (MBTI) (Contd.) These choices give 16 personality types as follows and is known as "type table“: ISTJ, ISFJ, INFJ, INTJ, ISTP, ISFP, INFP, INTP, ESTP, ESFP, ENFP, ENTP, ESTJ, ESFJ, ENFJ, ENTJ Each of the sixteen possible combinations has a name, for instance: Visionaries (INTJ) – are original, stubborn and driven. Organizers (ESTJ) – realistic, logical, analytical and businesslike. Conceptualizer (ENTP) – entrepreneurial, innovative, individualistic and resourceful.

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