SUFFIX

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SUFFIX:

SUFFIX

A medical word consists of some or all of the following elements:

A medical word consists of some or all of the following elements Word root Combining form Suffix Prefix How you combine these elements and whether all or some of them are present in a medical word determine the meaning of a word.

ROOT:

ROOT In medical words, the root usually indicates a body part (anatomical structure). For example, the root in cardi /al, cardi /ac, and cardi /o/gram-------------------------------------------------- is ___________ and it means heart. Examples: dent /al pancreat / itis dermat /o/ logist

COMBINING FORM:

COMBINING FORM A combining form (CF) is created when a word root is combined with a vowel. This vowel is usually an o. The vowel has no meaning of its own, but enables two word elements to be linked. Examples: therm / o /meter gastr / o /scope

PREFIX:

PREFIX A prefix is a word element located at the beginning of a word. Substituting one prefix for another prefix changes the meaning of the word. A prefix usually indicates a number, time, position, or negation. Hypo-, intra-, pre-, and hyper- are examples of prefix Intra/ muscul / ar pre/operative hyper/tension

SUFFIX:

SUFFIX A suffix is a word element located at the end of a word. Substituting one suffix for another suffix changes the meaning of the word. In medical terminology, a suffix usually indicates: Procedure Condition Disease Part of speech

Ex. Of English:

Ex. Of English Play, read, and speak are complete words and also roots Add the suffix - er (meaning one who) to each root to modify its meaning Play becomes------ Read becomes----- Speak becomes----- Player Reader Speaker

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Changing the suffix modifies the meaning of the word. The suffix in dent/ ist is------------means specialist. The suffix in dent/ al is-------------means pertaining to.

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Elements preceding a suffix can be a root or a combining form. Root with suffix dent/ ist neur / algia gastr / ic nephr / itis Combining form with suffix scler /o/derma arthr /o/ centesis

Combination Forms:

Combination Forms Combining form Aden/o Meaning Gland – غدة Angi /o Vessel (usually a blood vessel) Arteri /o Arter /o Plaque Artery Joint Arthr /o

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Combination Forms Combining form Carcin /o Meaning Cancerous Cardi /o Heart Chem /o Chron /o Time Drug (or chemical) Brain Encephal /o

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Combination Forms Combining form Erthr /o Meaning Red Hem/o Blood Hepat /o Lapra /o Abdomen Liver Breast (- ary , -graph,-gym & - plasty ) Mamm /o

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Combination Forms Combining form Mast/o Meaning Breast (- ectomy , - itis ) Men/o Menses My/o Myel /o Spinal cord/bone marrow Muscle Death (cell death) Necro

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Combination Forms Combining form Nephr /o Meaning Kidney (not with –al & -gram) Neur /o Nerve Oophor /o Oste /o Bone Overy Ear Ot /o

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Combination Forms Combining form Phleb /o Meaning Vein Pneumon /o Lung Pulmon /o Radi /o X-ray Lung Kidney (-al & -gram) Ren /o

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Combination Forms Combining form Rhin /o Meaning Nose Sarc /o Flesh Septic/o Thorac /o Chest Pertaining to infection Tonsil Tonsil/o

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Combination Forms Combining form Trache /o Meaning Windpipe; trachea Ur/o Urine or urea Vascul /o Blood vessel

DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX:

DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - Algia----------------Meaning-----------------Pain Examples: Arthralgia Joint pain Otalgia Myalgia Ear pain ?

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - Emia ---------Meaning-------------Blood condition Examples: Leukemia Malignant increase in WBC Ischemia Uremia Localized stoppage of blood ?

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - ia ---------Meaning-------------Condition, disease Examples: Pneumonia Inflamed lungs

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - Itis ---------Meaning-------------Inflammation Examples: Bronchitis Inflammation of Bronchi Esophagitis Meningitis Inflammation of esophagus ?

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - Oma ---------Meaning-------------Tumor, mass Examples: Myosarcoma Cancerous tumor of connective tissue Hematoma Mass of fluid (blood)

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - Pathy ---------Meaning-------------Disease Examples: Encephalopathy Disease condition of brain Nephropathy Disease condition of kidney

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX -Rhea ---------Meaning-------------Flow, discharge Examples: Rhinorrhea Flow of nose Menorrhea ?

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - Rrhage / rrhagia ---------Meaning-------------bursting of blood Examples: Hemorrhage Bursting forth of blood Menorrhagia Excessive discharge of menstruation

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - ar ---------Meaning-------------pertaining to Examples: Vascular Related to blood vessel

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - ary ---------Meaning-------------pertaining to Examples: Axillary Related to underarm Mammary Pulmonary Related to breast ?

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - ic ---------Meaning-------------pertaining to Examples: Chronic Related to long time

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX -Sclerosis ---------Meaning------------Hardening Examples: Arteriosclerosis Hardening of arteries

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX - Uria ---------Meaning------------condition of urine Examples: Hematuria Bleeding into urine Proteinuria Presence of protein in urine

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DIAGNOSTIC SUFFIX -al/- eal ---------Meaning-------------pertaining to Examples: Peritoneal Related to abdomen Renal Myocardial ? Related to heart Esophageal Related to esophagus

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PROCEDURAL SUFFIX - Centesis ---------Meaning---------------------------------------------Surgical puncture to remove fluid Examples: Thoracentesis Fluid removal from thoracic cage Amniocentesis Arthrocentesis Removal of amniotic fluid ?

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Thoracentesis Amniocentesis Arthrocentesis

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PROCEDURAL SUFFIX -Gram ---------Meaning--------------Record Examples: Electrocardiogram Electric record of heart Electroencephalogram Electric record of brain ECG

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PROCEDURAL SUFFIX - Ectomy --------Meaning-------Removal, excision Examples: Tonsillectomy Removal of tonsils Hysterectomy Oopherectomy Removal of uterus ? cholecystectomy ? Tonsillectomy

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PROCEDURAL SUFFIX - Plasty --------Meaning-------surgical repair Examples: Mammoplasty Surgical repair of breast rhinoplasty ? Mammoplasty Rhinoplasty

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PROCEDURAL SUFFIX - scopy --------Meaning-------process of visual examination Examples: Laparoscopy visual exam abdomen Laryngoscopy visual exam of larynx Laryngoscopy Laparoscopy

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PROCEDURAL SUFFIX - stomy --------Meaning-------Permanent opening Examples: Colostomy opening up of colon Tracheostomy ? Tracheostomy Colostomy

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PROCEDURAL SUFFIX - tomy --------Meaning-------Temporary incision Examples: Laparotomy incision to abdomen Laparotomy

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PROCEDURAL SUFFIX -therapy --------Meaning-------Treatment Examples: Radiotherapy treatment with rays Chemotherapy ?

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Match the following procedure suffix with their meaning Procedure suffix - tomy - scopy -therapy - stomy - lysis - centesis - plasty Meaning Surgical repair Opening Visual examination Treatment Breakdown, destruction Surgical puncture to remove fluid Incision, to cut into

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Match the following Diagnostic suffix with their meaning Diagnostic Suffix - pathy - rrhea - algia -sclerosis - megaly - itis - emia - oma Meaning Inflammation Blood condition Tumor, mass Disease condition Discharge, flow Hardening Pain enlargement

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Select from the following terms to complete the sentence below Myalgia, angioplasty, septicemia, leukemia, menorrhagia , arteriosclerosis, rhinorrhea Muscle pain is______________ Surgical repair of a blood vessel___________ Discharge of mucus from the nose___________ Hardening of arteries is___________ Excessive discharge of blood during menstruation is_________ A blood infection is____________ Malignant increase in WBC in blood_____________ myalgia angioplasty rhinorrhea artriosclerosis menorrhagia septicemia leukemia

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Thank you

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