carbohydrates

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carbohydrates

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Carbohydrates : 

Carbohydrates Carbohydrates Contain the Elements: Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen They Are Split Into Three Groups Known As: Monosaccharides(Monomers) Disaccharides(Dimers) Polsaccharides(Polymers)

Carbohydrates : 

Carbohydrates Many carbohydrates are soluble in water. The usual chemical test for the simpler carbohydrates is heating with Benedicts solution. The formula for a carbohydrate is (CH2O)n The n represents the number of times the CH2O unite is repeated.

Monosaccharides(monos) : 

Monosaccharides(monos) The Most Important Monosaccharide Is Glucose. A Monosaccharide is made up of 1 sugar unit. Monos are reducing sugars. Fructose and Galactose are all so Monosaccharides, They all have the same chemical formula but different structures.

Glucose : 

Glucose The chemical formula for glucose is C6H12O6. It is a six sided ring. The structure on the left is a simplified structure of glucose

Glycosidic Bond This is when two monosaccharides join to form a Disaccharide. The reaction is similar to condensation. The reaction involves the water been given off. There are three types of Disaccharides: Sucrose Lactose Maltose

Glycosidic Bond : 

Glycosidic Bond Above is the structures of a Glycosidic bond. It forms a Disaccharide

Structural formula : 

Structural formula The structural formula for Maltose. The structural formula for Lactose.

Hydrolysis : 

Hydrolysis This is the breaking down of a glycosidic bond. Instead of water been taken away water is added. Lysis means splitting.

Slide 9: 

By Sarah Kennedy Tutor Mr Rothery Data 14.11.02