Topic 9b TopicIXSeshadri

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The International Center for Materials Research ICMR-UCSB An NSF International Materials Institute Director: Anthony K. Cheetham Materials, and Chemistry & Biochemistry, UCSB

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International Collaboration in Materials Research: Background The international activities of the Materials Research Society are organized under the auspices of the International Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS, established in 1991). IUMRS currently has 12 national or regional organizations, e.g. MRS, MRS of India, European MRS, etc. See www.iumrs.org. The IUMRS organizes international meetings, sponsors awards, and so on. The Materials World Network, established in 1995, is an NSF-funded progran run from Northwestern University by R. P. H. Chang; see www.materialsworld.net. MWN serves as a platform for addressing global challenges via materials science, education, and technology. It has held 6 international meetings since 1995. NSF supports 6 International Materials Institutes (IMIs) at Princeton (Africa/Structural Materials), Univ. Tennessee (Neutrons), Iowa State (High Throughput Experimentation), Lehigh (Glasses), UC Davis (Complex Systems), and UCSB (International Center for Materials Research). NSF also provides small grants for international collaborations with Europe, Latin America, Asia etc.

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International Collaboration and NSF’s MRSEC Program The Division of Materials Research at NSF has been pro-active in stimulating international collaborations. Since ~1999, the larger MRSEC centers have been required to undertake international activities in addition to supporting their research programs, shared facilities, educational outreach, industrial outreach, etc. Many of the major international materials programs in the USA have their origins in MRSEC centers, e.g. the Materials World Network at Northwestern and the International Center for Materials Research (ICMR) at UCSB. The UCSB Materials Research Laboratory held 15 overseas workshops during the period 1995-2003. These bilateral workshops provided the credibility and network for the creation of the ICMR in 2004.

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Overseas Workshops under the auspices of the Materials Research Laboratory prior to the creation of ICMR 1995: Weizmann Institute, Israel 1996: Max Planck Labs, Stuttgart & Mainz, Germany 1997: KAIST, Taejon, S. Korea 1998: CSIRO Melbourne and Aust. Nat. Univ., Australia 1999: CNRS (Institut Jean Rouxel), Nantes, France 2000: IMRE, Singapore 2000: UNAM, Sonora, Mexico 2001: ICTP/TWAS Trieste, Italy (for developing countries) 2001: ETH Zurich, EPFL, and the Weizmann Institute, Switzerland 2001: CNRS (CRPP), Bordeaux, France 2002: CNRS Headquarters, Paris, France 2002: Max Planck Society, Mainz, Germany 2002: Univ. Chile, Santiago, Chile (with TWAS & ICTP) 2003: KAIST, Taejon, S. Korea 2003: Puerto Vallarta, Mexico There were also many reciprocal workshops at UCSB

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ICMR Overview Created at the UCSB on August 1, 2004 to provide an international forum that convenes scientists and engineers with common interests in the future of materials science. The Center is funded by the Division of Materials Research, the Office of International Science and Engineering at the National Science Foundation, the Materials Research Laboratory, and UCSB. Its partner institutions include the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS), and the International Center for Young Scientists (Tsukuba). ICMR is run by a Director, Prof. Anthony K. Cheetham, who is supported by a Program Coordinator (Jennifer Ybarra), a Steering Committee, and a distinguished International Advisory Board chaired by Prof. C.N.R. Rao. Programs include: Workshops in Santa Barbara and overseas Summer Schools International conferences Exchange Scholars S.E. Asia Materials Network Engineers without Borders

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ICMR Objectives To stimulate international collaboration through a range of cutting-edge research and educational programs To provide international experience for young scientists that will prepare them to function in a global scientific environment To enhance the capacity of developing countries in the materials science area by engagement and network building.

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Steering Committee Anthony K. Cheetham, Director of ICMR (ex officio) Anthony G. Evans, Professor of Materials and Mech. Eng., UCSB David Gross, Director of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, UCSB (2004 Nobel Prize in Physics) Craig Hawker, Director of UCSB MRL (ex officio) Evelyn Hu, Director of UCSB California NanoSystems Institute (ex officio) Fred F. Lange, Professor of Materials, UCSB (ex officio) James S. Langer, Professor of Physics, UCSB Matt Tirrell, Dean of Engineering, UCSB (ex officio) The Steering Committee has been meeting monthly since the NSF funding was announced in July 2004

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International Advisory Board C. N. R. Rao, JNCASR Bangalore; President of the Third World Academy of Sciences (Chair) A. J. Heeger, UCSB (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2000) P. G. de Gennes, ESPCI Paris (Nobel Prize in Physics, 1994) Mahn Won Kim, President, Korea Institute for Advanced Studies, Seoul T. Kishi, President, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba Sir Harold Kroto, Florida State (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1996) Fang-Hua Li, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing M. Rühle, Director, Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung, Stuttgart G. D. W. Smith, Chair, Department of Materials, University of Oxford K. R. Sreenivasan, Director of the International Center for Theoretical Physics, Trieste The first meeting of the board was held in Paris on November 19, 2004 and the second was held on September 15, 2005, in Berlin

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ICMR International Network African collaborations are pursued through the Princeton IMI

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Exchange Programs USA to the rest of the world: We have sufficient funds to send up to 40 US researchers to spend time with overseas collaborators for periods of 1 week to 3 months. This is available for researchers throughout the US. Since one of the objectives is to give researchers some international experience, we do not send people to their country of origin. In 2006 onwards, we started funding an undergraduate exchange program (REU) with: Oxford, Stuttgart, Eindhoven, Bangalore, Santiago, Taejon (KAIST), and Dublin. Rest of the world to the USA Funds for visitors to the US are more limited. We have sufficient to support ~12 visits per year to UCSB only

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Workshops under auspices of ICMR since August 2004: Oxford, England: September 2004 (Host: George Smith) 20 faculty from UCSB participated Pune (NCL), India: December 19-21, 2004 22 faculty from USA traveled Kyoto, Japan: April 25 – 27, 2005 (in partnership with Kyoto University) 18 faculty from across the USA Beijing, China: March 23-26, 2005 (in partnership with the NSFC, CAS) 19 faculty and 10 students from across the USA Buenos Aires, Argentina: July 2005 (Winter School in Physics) 6 faculty from USA participated as speakers Berlin, Germany: Sept. 12-14, 2005 (with the Max Planck Society) 20 faculty from UCSB, An MOU was signed with the MPG Singapore, November 14-16, 2005 (hosted by IMRE) S. E. Asia Materials Network meeting. Brought together 40 scientists from 18 countries to discuss the creation of a network to give scientists from developing countries access to major facilities in the region Marrakech, Morocco, December 7-9, 2005 (with the African MRS) ICMR organized a session on “Materials from the 21st Century” and provide scholarships for young scientists from Africa ICTP Trieste, Italy: January 16-20, 2006 (with ICTP and NIMS/ICYS) Advanced Workshop on “Recent Developments in Inorganic Materials” (Chairs: Cheetham, Rao and Rühle) Mishima, Japan: Feb. 27-March 1, 2006 International Advanced Materials Forum for young scientists (with ICYS, Tsukuba) Tel Aviv, Israel: Feb. 27-28, 2006 8 faculty from UCSB participated in the Israel Chemical Society meeting

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Three Summer Schools in 2005: Topics in Bio-Materials Dates: August 7 – August 20 Organizers: Phil Pincus, Ram Seshadri, Joan-Emma Shea (UCSB) Stereochemical Aspects of Novel Materials Dates: August 14 – 27 Organizer: Fred Wudl, Miguel Garcia-Garibay (Chemistry, UCLA) First Principles Calculations for Condensed Matter and Nanoscience Dates: August 21 – September 3 Organizers: Michel Coté (U. of Montréal), Xavier Gonze (Louvain), Nicola Spaldin (UCSB), Gilles Zerah (CEA, Paris)

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ICMR Summer Schools August 2005 Total Number of Participants: 130 Total Number of Lecturers: 35 Represented Countries: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Estonia, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Poland, Russia, Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uruguay, United States

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Summer Schools being planned for 2006: Nanomaterials (with the International Center for Young Scientists, ICYS) Dates: 21-28 July 2006 Location: Tsukuba Organizers: Yoshio Bando and Tadashi Ozawa (ICYS), Tony Cheetham (UCSB) Porous Solids Dates: 30 July-Aug. 12 Location: UC Santa Barbara Organizers: Ram Seshadri (UCSB), Matt Rosseinsky and Andy Cooper (Liverpool) Heterogeneous Catalysis Dates: 13-26 Aug, 2006 Location: UC Santa Barbara Organizer: Alec Wodtke (UCSB), Horia Metiu (UCSB), Can Li (Dalian) High Temperature Materials Dates: 6-20 August, 2006 Location: UC Santa Barbara Organizers: Tony Evans (UCSB), Carlos Levi (UCSB)

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Workshops planned for the rest of 2006 and early 2007: Santa Barbara: Aug 20-26, 2006 International workshop on Hydrogen Generation and Storage Viña de Mar, Chile: September, 2006, With CIAM, CIMAT Latin America/Pacific Rim Workshop on Frontiers of Materials Florianópolis, Brazil, October 15-19, 2006, with the Brazilian MRS Workshop on Hybrid Inorganic-Organic Materials Halong Bay, Vietnam, December 3-10, 2006, International Workshop on Materials Research Bangalore, India, Dec. 12-19, 2006 ICMR-JNCASR Regional Winter School on Chemistry of Materials Trieste, Italy, January 15-19, 2007 ICMR-ICTP Advanced Workshop on Nanomaterials Taipei, Taiwan-China, January 4-6, 2007 US-Taiwan Workshop on Soft Condensed Matter

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Why are International Activities so Important ? The leadership that the USA currently enjoys in most areas of science and technology cannot be taken for granted in an increasingly competitive world. The continuance of that leadership, however, is essential for the success of our knowledge-based economy in the 21st century In order to remain competitive, it is essential that we are engaged with our peers elsewhere and fully conversant with the latest developments in other countries. It is also essential that our young scientists should gain the international experience that will enable them to function effectively in the global S&T business. The existence of major centers of excellence, such as the MRSECs, is an essential element of the national strategy for remaining competitive in the face of stiff competition from other nations.

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ICMR Partner Institutions NSF’s International Materials Institutes at: Princeton (Africa), Rensselaer (Combinatorial sciences), Tennessee (Neutrons), Lehigh (Glass), UC/LANL (Complex matter), USA The Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS), Trieste, Italy The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy The Max Planck Society, and institutes thereof, Germany Ecole Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles (ESPCI), Paris, France Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule, Zurich, Switzerland Department of Materials, University of Oxford, England Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai (Bombay), India Institute for Advanced Materials, Fudan University, China Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan International Center for Young Scientists, Tsukuba, Japan Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan Korean Advanced Institute for Science and Technology (KAIST), Taejon, Korea Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), Seoul, Korea Kwangju Institute of Science and Technology (K-JIST), Kwangiu, Korea Institute of Materials Research & Engineering (IMRE), Singapore National University, Singapore Institute of Materials Science, Hanoi, Vietnam Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, Israel Advanced Materials Department, IPICyT, San Luis Potosi, Mexico Center for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research in Materials, Santiago, Chile CSIRO Manufacturing and Infrastructure Technology Division, Melbourne, Australia

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