Abnormal psychology

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Anxiety Disorders Mood Disorders Personality Disorders Schizophrenia Delusional Disorder Substance Use Disorders Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders TYPES OF DISORDERS

What Is Abnormal?:

What Is Abnormal? Deviating from the normal or average The study of behavior patterns that diverge widely from generally accepted norms

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WAYS TO DEFINE ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Two ways to define abnormal psychology Statistical Deviation Maladaptiveness

Statistical Deviation:

Statistical Deviation Most human characteristics are nicely distributed along a smooth bell-shaped curve Those who stray too far from the average on this curve are then considered abnormal.


Maladaptiveness 1. Maladaptive to one's self - inability to reach goals, to adapt to the demands of life 2. Maladaptive to society - interferes, disrupts social group functioning .

Types Of Disorders:

Types Of Disorders

Anxiety Disorders:

Anxiety Disorders

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People with anxiety disorders feel an abnormal amount from common things In all types of anxiety disorders, anxiety is the main symptom Anxiety Disorders

Types Of Anxiety Disorders:

Types Of Anxiety Disorders Four major types of anxiety disorders Generalized anxiety or panic disorders Phobias Obsessive-compulsive disorders Post traumatic stress disorder

Phobias :

Phobias A fear of a specific stimulus or situation The sufferer of a phobia usually knows that the fear is irrational but cannot do anything about it

Types Of Phobias:

Types Of Phobias Phobia has three sub-classes: Simple Phobia Social Phobia Agoraphobia



Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders:

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders An obsession is the persistent intrusion of unwelcome thoughts, images, or impulses, that cause anxiety A compulsion is an irresistible urge to carry out certain acts or rituals that reduce anxiety Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder Know that their behavior is irrational but are unable to resist Resistance only causes them to become anxious and only the carrying out of the act will relieve that anxiety

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder:

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Caused by a traumatic event that overwhelms a person Ruins their ability to cope with a situation Can cause flashbacks, nightmares, insomnia, and guilt. Extremely long lasting




Disturbances of normal mood Also known as affective disorders MOOD DISORDERS

Types Of Mood Disorders:

Types Of Mood Disorders Two general classifications for mood disorders Bipolar Disorders (manic-depression) Swings from depression (extreme sadness) to mania (extreme happiness) Depressive Disorders Extended, unexplainable periods of sadness

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Personality Disorders

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A person with a personality disorder Uses improper and immature ways to deal with problems or situations Does not feel like they are doing anything wrong Thus do not want to change their behavior Personality Disorders

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of thought processes and of emotional responsiveness. The psychiatrist Kurt Schneider listed the forms of psychotic symptoms that he thought distinguished schizophrenia from other psychotic disorders.

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Schizophrenia patient may experience hallucinations Delusions (often bizarre or persecutory in nature) This is divided into two sub-categories Persecutory delusions Delusions of reference Positive and negative symptoms

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Causes Genetic and environmental factors play a role schizophrenia. Genetic There are more chances if disease was present in ancestors. Environment drug use , Living in an urban environment

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social isolation and immigration related to social adversity, racial discrimination, family dysfunction, unemployment, and poor housing conditions

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Delusional Disorder

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Uncommon psychiatric condition in which patients present with circumscribed symptoms of non-bizarre delusions Believes that he is the greatest, strongest, fastest, most intelligent person ever


Symptoms Patient expresses an idea or belief with unusual persistence The individual tends to be humorless and oversensitive, especially about the belief

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Substance-Use Disorder

Substance Use Disorder:

Include substance abuse and substance dependence It refers to the overindulgence in and dependence of a drug or other chemical The disorder is characterized by a pattern of continued pathological use of a medication, non-medically indicated drug or toxin Substance Use Disorder


Causes Adverse social consequences related to drug use, such as Failure to meet work Family School obligations Interpersonal conflicts, or legal problems

Dissociative Disorders:

Dissociative Disorders Also called group of disorder Characterized by a disruption in the normal functioning of consciousness, identity, memory, or the world around me Can be acute or chronic


Causes Drugs broad line personality disorder Alcohol abuse sexual abuse Types Dissociative fugue Dissociative amnesia Depersonalization disorders

Impulse Control Disorder:

Impulse Control Disorder High firm emotion Types: Pathological gambling Sexual complexity Kleptomania Trichotillomania Intermittent explosion disorder


Causes Disturbance in neurotrasmission Bad childhood experiences Frustration

How Do Psychologists View Suicide?:

How Do Psychologists View Suicide? In the psychological sciences, most suicidologists admit degrees of suicide are based on individuals' beliefs, strength of intentions, and attitudes

How People Have Explained Abnormal Behavior?:

How People Have Explained Abnormal Behavior? The legal definition of abnormality declares a person insane when a person is not able to judge between right and wrong

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Mariam Naz Ali Tariq Ahmad Hassan Freeha Razvi

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