Genes

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Questions about genes. Research included.

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Genes

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Question 1 What are genes Question 2 How large a part of our personality is inherited Question 3 What characterizes us homo sapiens Question 4 What characterizes homo erectus Question 5 Who were neanderthalls

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Question 1 What are genes

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If you imagine your DNA as a cookbook then your genes are the recipes. Written in the DNA alphabet - A T C and G - the recipes genes tell your cells how to function and what traits to express. For example if you have curly hair it is because the genes you inherited from your parents are instructing your hair follicle cells to make curly strands. https://www.23andme.com/en-int/gen101/genes/

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Human beings have between 20000 and 25000 genes. Each one of us has the same set of genes. https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/basics/gene https://www.23andme.com/en-int/gen101/genes/

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Question 2 How large a part of our personality is inherited

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How large a part of your personality is learned _____ How large a part of your personality is inherited _____

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Personality traits are between 40 and 60 heritable. https://www.goodreads.com/review/show/1044045074 page 104. http://hbr.org/2011/07/the-unselfish-gene/ar/4

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6 creativity studies of identical twins show that 25 to 40 of what we do innovatively stems from genetics. That means that about 2/3 of our innovation skills come through learning. https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/10054210-the-innovator-s-dna location 311.

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The human population will become more alike as races merge. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/11/091124-origin-of-species-150-darwin-human-evolution.html

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Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/How-is-your-personality-1528059

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Question 3 What characterizes us homo sapiens

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160000 – 200000 years ago is the origin of our species homo sapiens. http://www.thersa.org/events/our-events/wired-for-culture March 1 2012. http://www.ted.com/talks/mark_pagel_how_language_transformed_humanity.html minute 7. http://jp.dk/rejser/andet/article2751188.ecepage2 http://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/v/human-prehistory-101--prologue

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http://youtu.be/-UnWtH7rpNw minute 7.

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Around 50000 years ago about a hundred people moved from Africa to Asia. Everyone alive today who has any non-African ancestors is probably descended from this group. https://www.23andme.com/en-int/gen101/prehistory/outofafrica/

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http://www.ted.com/talks/svante_paeaebo_dna_clues_to_our_inner_neanderthal.html Neanderthall Homo sapiens

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http://www.ted.com/talks/mark_pagel_how_language_transformed_humanity.html minute 5. Contrary to our ancestors Homo erectus and the Neanderthalls we – homo sapiens – have the ability to learn from each other build on ideas of each other. Therefore we develop more than Homo erectus and the Neanderthals did.

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http://www.ted.com/talks/mark_pagel_how_language_transformed_humanity.html minute 6.

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Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Learning-strategies-1487708

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Question 4 Who was homo erectus

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Our ancestors the Homo erectus evolved about 2 millions years ago on the African savanna. http://www.ted.com/talks/mark_pagel_how_language_transformed_humanity.html

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http://youtu.be/-UnWtH7rpNw minute 7.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_erectus How homo erectus may have looked.

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For 1 million years homo erectus made the same hand axes over and over again. In other words they were not good at learning from each other for example watch and copy from others. As a result they could not improve on ideas of each other. http://www.ted.com/talks/mark_pagel_how_language_transformed_humanity.html

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http://www.ted.com/talks/mark_pagel_how_lan guage_transformed_humanity.html minute 5.

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Question 5 Who were neanderthalls

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Between 1 and 4 of the DNA of modern Europeans and their descendants on other continents is of Neanderthal origin. Neanderthals were larger and heavier than us. http://www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21692847-neanderthals-parting-gifts-homo-sapiens-were-disease-causing-genes http://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2015/02/13/our-lost-cousins-neanderthals/O2cSNRBhPjcJYl76EoDAxK/story.html

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How neanderthals may have looked http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neanderthal

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Neanderthals lived in Europe and Central Asia and died out 40000 years ago. http://www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21692847-neanderthals-parting-gifts-homo-sapiens-were-disease-causing-genes http://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2015/02/13/our-lost-cousins-neanderthals/O2cSNRBhPjcJYl76EoDAxK/story.html

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http://youtu.be/-UnWtH7rpNw minute 7.

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The tools of the Neanderthals were somewhat more complicated than those of homo erectus. The tools of neanderthals also changed very little over the 300000 years that neanderthals lived. http://www.ted.com/talks/mark_pagel_how_language_transformed_humanity.html minute 5.

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http://www.ted.com/talks/mark_pagel_how_language_transformed_humanity.html minute 5.

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