AP 6- Federalism Pt. I Sept. 7

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Lecture 1 of 2 for Ch. 3 on Federalism

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Ch. 3Federalism?...Don’t you mean fun-deralism? : 

Fitz-AP Gov Ch. 3Federalism?...Don’t you mean fun-deralism?

Why does Kanye West hate federalism? : 

Why does Kanye West hate federalism?

Unitary : 

Unitary

Exhibit A : 

Exhibit A

Exhibit A.1 : 

Exhibit A.1

Federalism : 

Federalism

Exhibit B : 

Exhibit B

Confederation : 

Confederation

Exhibit C : 

Exhibit C

Why Federalism? : 

Why Federalism? Limited government. They were convinced: Governmental power poses a threat to individual liberty, Governmental power must be restrained Governmental power must be divided, to prevent abuse.

Advantages of Federalism : 

Advantages of Federalism Mobilization of Political Activity Many alternatives for a citizen to have voice heard

Advantages of Federalism : 

Advantages of Federalism Interest Groups Cannot Easily Take Over Gov’t. Special interests would have to control EVERY aspect of government

Advantages of Federalism : 

Advantages of Federalism Diversity of policies Different states tackle problems in different ways

Advantages of Federalism : 

Advantages of Federalism Uniform laws don’t make sense

Disadvantages of Federalism : 

Disadvantages of Federalism Confusion on whom to contact or who to blame Hurricane Katrina BINGO card!

Disadvantages of Federalism : 

Disadvantages of Federalism Small but powerful groups can block important and popular public policy

Disadvantages of Federalism : 

Disadvantages of Federalism Inequality

Disadvantages of Federalism : 

Disadvantages of Federalism Confusion between localities

Slide 27: 

?

Powers of the National Government : 

Powers of the National Government Reserved= left up to the states, 10th Amendment

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Expressed or Implied? : 

Expressed or Implied?

Concurrent Powers (Shared) : 

Concurrent Powers (Shared) Levy and collect taxes Borrow money Establish courts Define crimes and set punishments Claim private property for public use (eminent domain)

National, State or Concurrent? : 

National, State or Concurrent? Build interstate highway system Regulate immigration License doctors Set alcohol age limits Maintain the Coast Guard Declare war 7. Deport aliens Prohibit racial discrimination Set up independent school districts Punish crimes Coin money Regulate the sale of beer

National, State or Concurrent? : 

National, State or Concurrent? Build interstate highway system Regulate immigration License doctors Set alcohol age limits Maintain the Coast Guard Declare war 7. Deport aliens Prohibit racial discrimination Set up independent school districts Punish crimes Coin money Regulate the sale of beer C N S S N N N N S C N S

National and State Cooperation : 

National and State Cooperation National Obligations Guarantee a republican form of government Protects against invasions, domestic violence and natural disasters Admits new States State Obligations Conduct national elections Admit new citizens in State courts Cooperate with federal law enforcement agencies

Slide 47: 

Federalism Separation of Powers

Federal, State or Local Quiz : 

Federal, State or Local Quiz Grass clippings and leaves must be in 30 gallon paper bags You must submit an IRS tax return by April 15 Animals must be on a leash while in a public place You must be of at least 16 years of age to drive You may not park in your front yard You must be at least 21 years of age to buy alcoholic beverages You must be at least 18 years of age to vote All males age 18 and over must register for the draft Sex offenders must register with the police All children ages 16 and under must attend school

Federal, State or Local Quiz : 

Federal, State or Local Quiz Grass clippings and leaves must be in 30 gallon paper bags You must submit an IRS tax return by April 15 Animals must be on a leash while in a public place You must be of at least 16 years of age to drive You may not park in your front yard You must be at least 21 years of age to buy alcoholic beverages You must be at least 18 years of age to vote All males age 18 and over must register for the draft Sex offenders must register with the police All children ages 16 and under must attend school L F L S L S F F L S

Federal, State or Local Quiz : 

Federal, State or Local Quiz Grass clippings and leaves must be in 30 gallon paper bags You must submit an IRS tax return by April 15 Animals must be on a leash while in a public place You must be of at least 16 years of age to drive You may not park in your front yard You must be at least 21 years of age to buy alcoholic beverages You must be at least 18 years of age to vote All males age 18 and over must register for the draft Sex offenders must register with the police All children ages 16 and under must attend school L F L S L S F F L S

Interstate Relations : 

Interstate Relations

Interstate Relations : 

Interstate Relations Interstate Compacts States may make agreements to solving shared problems

Interstate Relations : 

Interstate Relations Full Faith & Credit Each state must honor the laws, records and civil court decisions of every other State ?

Interstate Relations : 

Interstate Relations Privileges & Immunities No State may unreasonably discriminate against a person who lives in another State

Interstate Relations : 

Interstate Relations Extradition A fugitive from justice in one State is returned to it from another State

Opinion: Do non-resident tuition and fees violate the “privileges and immunities” clause? : 

Opinion: Do non-resident tuition and fees violate the “privileges and immunities” clause? Privileges & Immunities Hunting Licenses Resident: $23 Non-Resident: $300 Fishing Licenses Resident: $28 Non-Resident: $55 College Tuition University of Texas, 2001 In-State: $3,128 Out-of-State: $9,608 Full Faith & Credit Quickie Divorces