english ppt breeds of dogs

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DIFFERENT BREEDS OF DOGS

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GUIDED BY- JAISHREE MAM

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DONE BY- DIPALI KUMARI IX ‘B’

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CONTENTS BULLDOG DOBERMAN SHIBA INU PUG LABRADOR RETRIEVER BOYKE GOLDEN RETRIEVER

BULLDOG:

BULLDOG The Bulldog is a muscular heavy dog with a wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose. APPEREANCE The Bulldog is a breed with characteristically wide head and shoulders along with a pronounced mandibular prognathism. There are generally thick folds of skin on a Bulldog's brow, round black wide-set eyes, a short muzzle with characteristic folds called "rope" above the nose, hanging skin under the neck, drooping lips and pointed teeth. Bulldogs are one of the few breeds whose tail is naturally short and either straight or screed and thus is not cut or docked as with some other breeds Bulldogs are generally docile and tractable they can move very quickly over short distances. Bulldogs do not need a lot of physical exercise, so they are well-suited for living in apartments and other urban environments. They are friendly and gregarious, but occasionally willful .Bulldog is known to be of good temperament.

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HEALTH Bulldogs require daily exercise. If not properly exercised it is possible for a Bulldog to become overweight, which could lead to heart and lung problems, as well as joint issues. Bulldogs are said to be "the most relentless farters in the canine world." Bulldogs are very sensitive to heat. Extra caution should be practiced in warmer climates and during summer months. Bulldogs must be given plenty of shade and water, and must be kept out of standing heat. Air conditioning and good ventilation is required to keep them healthy and safe.

DOBERMAN:

DOBERMAN Doberman Pinschers are among the most common of pet breeds, and the breed is well known as an intelligent, alert, and loyal companion dog. Although once commonly used as guard dogs or police dogs, this is less common today. Appearance Kennel club standards describe Doberman Pinschers as dogs of medium-large size with a square build and short coat. They are compactly built and athletic with endurance and swiftness. The Doberman pinscher should have a proud, watchful, determined, and obedient temperament. The dog was originally intended as a guard dog, so males should have a masculine, muscular, noble appearance. Females are thinner, but should not be spindly .

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Temperament Although they are considered to be working dogs, Doberman Pinschers are often stereotyped as being ferocious and aggressive. As a personal protection dog, the Doberman was originally bred for these traits: it had to be large and intimidating, fearless, and willing to defend its owner, but sufficiently obedient and restrained to only do so on command. These traits served the dog well in its role as a personal defense dog, police dog, or war dog, but were not ideally adapted to a companionship role Health The Dobermans lifespan is about 10-11 years, on average. But they may suffer from a number of health concerns. Common serious health problems include dilated cardiomyopathy , cervical vertebral instability (CVI) , von Willebrand's disease (a bleeding disorder for which genetic testing has been available since 2000; the test enables both parents of a prospective litter to be tested for the carrier gene, thus preventing inheritance of the disease ), and prostatic disease.

SHIBA INU:

SHIBA INU A small, agile dog that copes very well with mountainous terrain, the Shiba Inu was originally bred for hunting. It is similar in appearance to the Akita , though much smaller in stature. It is one of the few ancient dog breeds still in existence in the world today.

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Appearance The Shiba's frame is compact with well-developed muscles. Males are 14 1 ⁄ 2 inches to 16 1 ⁄ 2 inches (35–43 cm) at withers. Females are 13 1 ⁄ 2 inches to 15 1 ⁄ 2 inches (33–41 cm). Coat: Double coated with the outer coat being stiff and straight and the undercoat soft and thick. Fur is short and even on the fox-like face, ears, and legs. Tail hair is slightly longer and stands open in a brush. Temperament Shiba Inus are generally independent and intelligent dogs. Some owners struggle with obedience training , but as with many dogs, socialization at a young age can greatly affect temperament. Traits such as independence and intelligence are often associated with ancient dog breeds , such as the Shiba Inu. Shibas should always be on a leash, unless in a secured area, because of their strong prey drive.

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Health Health conditions known to affect this breed are allergies , glaucoma, cataracts, hip dysplasia, entropion, and luxating patella. Overall, however, they are of great genetic soundness and few Shibas are diagnosed with genetic defects in comparison to other dog breeds .As with any dog, Shibas should be walked or otherwise exercised daily. Life span Their average life expectancy is from 12 to 15 years. Exercise, especially daily walks, is preferred for this breed to live a long and healthy life.

PUG:

PUG The pug is a toy dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face, and curled tail. The breed has a fine, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colors, and a compact square body with well-developed muscle. They have been described as multum in parvo ("much in little"), referring to the pug's personality and small size. Known in ancient China as lo- sze . HEALTH They can suffer from a variety of health issues, including overheating, obesity, pharyngeal reflex and two fatal conditions which are necrotizing meningoencephalitis and hemvertebrae . In addition, care must be taken by their owner to clean their ears, and the folds of skin on their face. .

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Temperament Strong willed but rarely aggressive, the pug is suitable for families with children. The majority of the breed is very fond of children and sturdy enough to properly play with them. They can be quiet and docile but also vivacious and teasing depending on their owner's mood

LABRADOR RETRIEVER:

LABRADOR RETRIEVER The Labrador Retriever is one of several kinds of retriever, a type of gun dog. A breed characteristic is webbed paws for swimming, useful for the breed's original purpose of retrieving fishing nets. The Labrador is the most popular breed of dog by registered ownership in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States (since 1991). It is also one of the most popular assistance dog breeds in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States and many other countries, as well as being widely used by police and other official bodies for their detection and working abilities. Typically, Labradors are athletic and love to swim, play catch and retrieve games, are good with young children, elderly, and for protection.

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Appearance Labradors are relatively large, with males typically weighing 29 to 41 kg (64 to 90 lb) and females 25 to 32 kg (55 to 71 lb). Labradors weighing close to or over 100 lb (45 kg) are considered obese or having a major fault under American Kennel Club standards, although some Labradors weigh significantly more. The majority of the characteristics of this breed, with the exception of colour, are the result of breeding to produce a working retriever.  Labrador hair is usually fairly short and straight, and the tail quite broad and strong. The webbed toes of the Labrador Retriever make them excellent swimmers. The webbing between their toes can also serve as a "snowshoe" in colder climates and keep snow from balling up between their toes- a condition that can be painful to other breeds with hair between the toes.

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Health Labradors also suffer from the risk of knee problems. A luxating patella is a common occurrence in the knee where the knee dislocates and goes back into place. Eye problems are also possible in some Labradors, particularly progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, corneal dystrophy and retinal dysplasia . Dogs which are intended to be bred should be examined by a veterinary ophthalmologist for an eye score.  Labradors must be properly exercised and stimulated. A healthy Labrador can do swimming wind sprints for two hours, and should keep a very slight hourglass waist and be fit and light, rather than fat or heavy-set.

BOYKE GOLDEN RETRIEVER:

BOYKE GOLDEN RETRIEVER They were named retriever because of their ability to retrieve game undamaged. Golden retrievers have an instinctive love of water. The Golden retriever’s intelligence makes them versatile, allowing them to fill a variety of roles including guide dog for the blind, hearing dog for the deaf, hunting dog, illegal drug detector, and search and rescue participant. Because of their loyal and gentle temperament, golden retrievers are also popular family pets .

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Appearance A male should stand 22–24 inches (56–61 cm) in height at the shoulders, and females should be 20–22 inches (51–56 cm). The coat is dense and water repellent, in various shades of lustrous gold, with moderate feathering. The gait should be free, smooth, powerful, and well-coordinated. They have a dense inner coat that provides them with adequate warmth and a water repellent outer coat that lies flat against their body. Temperament The temperament of the Golden Retriever is a hallmark of the breed and is described in the standard as "kindly, friendly and confident". Golden Retrievers are great family pets and get along great with children. They are not "one man dogs" and are generally equally amiable with both strangers and those familiar to them.  Their trusting, gentle disposition makes them a poor guard dog. Golden Retrievers are compatible with children and adults and are good with other dogs, cats and most livestock. Golden Retrievers are particularly valued for their high level of sociability towards people, calmness, and willingness to learn .

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HEALTH The average life span for a Golden Retriever is 11 to 11½ years. Golden Retrievers are susceptible to specific ailments. A responsible breeder will proactively minimize the risk of illness by having the health of dogs in breeding pairs professionally assessed and selected on the basis of complementary traits. They should be taken to the vet for yearly checkups. Golden retrievers are known to have genetic disorders and other diseases.

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PHOTO GALLERY Golden retriever B ulldog Doberman

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poodle German shepherd Labrador retriever

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American Eskimo Shih Tzu Tibetan mastiff

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THE END

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