Natural Awareness Campaign Crown Capital Eco Management: Hazardous

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WMO (World Meteorological Organization) Disaster Risk Reduction activities are integrated and coordinated with other international, regional and national organizations. WMO coordinates the efforts of NMHSs to mitigate human and property losses through improved forecast services and early warnings, as well as risk assessments, and to raise public awareness.

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Natural Hazard:

Natural Hazard Natural Awareness Campaign Crown Capital Eco Management http://blog.crowncapitalmngt.com/category/nature-news/

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WMO (World Meteorological Organization) Disaster Risk Reduction activities are integrated and coordinated with other international, regional and national organizations. WMO coordinates the efforts of NMHSs to mitigate human and property losses through improved forecast services and early warnings, as well as risk assessments, and to raise public awareness. Natural hazards are severe and extreme weather and climate events that occur naturally in all parts of the world, although some regions are more vulnerable to certain hazards than others. Natural hazards become natural disasters when people’s lives and livelihoods are destroyed. Human and material losses caused by natural disasters are a major obstacle to sustainable development. By issuing accurate forecasts and warnings in a form that is readily understood and by educating people how to prepare against such hazards, before they become disasters, lives and property can be protected. Emphasis is on disaster risk reduction: one dollar invested in disaster preparedness can prevent seven dollars’ worth of disaster-related economic losses—a considerable return on investment. WMO’s objective is to reduce by 50 per cent, by 2019, the associated 10-year average fatality of the period 1994-2003 for weather-, climate- and water-related natural disasters. Natural hazards occur across different time and area scales and each is in some way unique .

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Geophysical Hazards: Thunderstorms, Lightning, and Tornadoes - Severe thunderstorms give rise to sudden electrical discharges in the form of lightning and thunder. They often bring heavy rain or hail, strong winds and occasionally snow. In some parts of the world they trigger tornadoes. Forest or Wildland Fire - Massive and devastating fires can be triggered during and after periods of drought, by lightning or by human

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Drought - The primary cause of any drought is deficiency of rainfall. Drought is different from other hazards in that it develops slowly, sometimes over years, and its onset can be masked by a number of factors. Drought can be devastating: water supplies dry up, crops fail to grow, animals die and malnutrition and ill health become widespread . Tropical cyclones - WMO provides assistance to Members in establishing national and regionally coordinated systems which ensure that the loss of life and damage caused by tropical cyclones are reduced to a minimum. Tropical cyclones are areas of very low atmospheric pressure over tropical and sub-tropical waters which build up into a huge, circulating mass of wind and thunderstorms up to hundreds of kilometres across. Surface winds can reach speeds of 200 km/h or more. The combination of wind-driven waves and the low-pressure of a tropical cyclone can produce a coastal storm surge—a huge volume of water driven ashore at high speed and of immense force that can wash away everything in its path . Desert locusts - Desert locusts inflict damage in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and southern Europe. When weather and ecological conditions favour breeding, the insects are forced into a small area. They stop acting as individuals and start acting as a group. Floods and flash floods - Floods can occur anywhere after heavy rain events. All floodplains are vulnerable and heavy storms can cause flash flooding in any part of the world. Flash floods can also occur after a period of drought when heavy rain falls onto very dry, hard ground that the water cannot penetrate . Landslide or mudslide (mudflow) - Mudslides and landslides are local events and usually unexpected. They occur when heavy rain or rapid snow or ice melt or an overflowing crater lake sends large amounts of earth, rock, sand or mud flowing swiftly down mountain slopes, especially if these are bare or burnt by forest or brush fires .

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