ABRAHAM MASLOW 1908-1970 : ABRAHAM MASLOW 1908-1970 “We each have a hierarchy of needs that ranges from "lower" to "higher." As lower needs are fulfilled there is a tendency for other, higher needs to emerge.” PowerPoint Presentation: Abraham Maslows Hirercahy of needs Basic Needs Safety Needs Social Needs Esteem Needs Self Actualization Needs 5 Levels Hierarchy of Needs Model : Hierarchy of Needs Model Physiological Needs: Physiological Needs Food Air Water Clothing Sex Basic Human Needs Safety Needs: Safety Needs Protection Stability Pain Avoidance Routine/Order Safety and Security Social Needs: Social Needs Affection Acceptance Inclusion Love and Belonging Esteem Needs: Esteem Needs Self-Respect Self-Esteem Respected by Others Esteem Self-Actualization: Self-Actualization Achieve full potential Fulfillment PowerPoint Presentation: Esteem Self-Actualization Safety Belonging Physiological Summary Implementing in the Classroom: Implementing in the Classroom Self-Actualization Provide challenges Encourage autonomy Esteem Feedback Acknowledge success Social Introductions Interact with students Inclusive activities Safety Maintain a safe and non-threatening atmosphere Create a comfortable environment Physiological Room temperature Pacing/Breaks PowerPoint Presentation: Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Hierarchy Of Organizational Needs Physiological Safety/Security Social Esteem Self Actualization ? Maslow’s Theory and its relation to Organizational Needs PowerPoint Presentation: Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Hierarchy Of Organizational Needs Physiological Safety/Security Social Esteem Self Actualization Provide Lunch breaks, rest breaks, and sufficient wages to purchase essentials PowerPoint Presentation: Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Hierarchy Of Organizational Needs Physiological Safety/Security Safe Working Environment & Job Security Social Esteem Self Actualization PowerPoint Presentation: Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Hierarchy Of Organizational Needs Physiological Safety/Security Social Esteem Self Actualization Community belongingness via Team based projects & social events PowerPoint Presentation: Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Hierarchy Of Organizational Needs Physiological Safety/Security Social Esteem Recognize achievements, Job Titles Self Actualization PowerPoint Presentation: Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Hierarchy Of Organizational Needs Physiological Safety/Security Social Esteem Self Actualization Provide Challenge & opportunity To reach full career potential The Esteem Needs: The Esteem Needs There are two versions of esteem needs, a lower one and a higher one. The lower one is the need for the respect of others, the need for status, fame, glory, recognition, attention, reputation, appreciation, dignity, even dominance. The higher form involves the need for self-respect, including such feelings as confidence, competence, achievement, mastery, independence, and freedom. Note that this is the “higher” form because, unlike the respect of others, once you have self-respect, it’s a lot harder to lose! Traits of Self-Actualized Person: Traits of Self-Actualized Person Knowing who you are and your beliefs Comfortable with yourself Views learning and experience as an ongoing process Empowered Confident Insightful Valuable High Self-respect High Self-esteem Independent Self-actualization : Self-actualization The last level is a bit different. If you want to be truly self-actualizing, you need to have your lower needs taken care of, at least to a considerable extent. When lower needs are unmet, you can’t fully devote yourself to fulfilling your potentials. It isn’t surprising, then, the world being as difficult as it is, that only a small percentage of the world’s population is truly, predominantly, self-actualizing. Maslow at one point suggested only about two percent! Characteristic of Self-actualized people: Characteristic of Self-actualized people They have an unhostile sense of humor -- preferring to joke at their own expense, or at the human condition, and never directing their humor at others. They have an acceptance of self and others , On the other hand, they are often strongly motivated to change negative qualities in themselves that could be changed. Along with this comes spontaneity and simplicity. They preferred being themselves rather than being pretentious or artificial. Characteristic of Self-actualized people cont’d: Characteristic of Self-actualized people cont’d Further, they have a sense of humility and respect towards others – or democratic values -- meaning that they were open to ethnic and individual variety, even treasuring it. They have human kinship -- social interest, compassion, humanity. And it is accompanied by a strong ethics , which is spiritual but seldom conventionally religious in nature. Characteristic of Self-actualized people cont’d: Characteristic of Self-actualized people cont’d These people have a certain freshness of appreciation , an ability to see things, even ordinary things, with wonder. Along with this comes their ability to be creative , inventive, and original. Finally, these people tended to have more peak experiences than the average person. A peak experience is one that takes you out of yourself, that makes you feel very tiny, or very large, to some extent one with life or nature or God. These experiences tend to leave their mark on a person, change them for the better, and many people actively seek them out. PowerPoint Presentation: When we change our beliefs We change the way we think When we change the way we think We change our perceptions When we change our perceptions We change our attitude When we change our attitude We change our behavior When we change our behavior We change our performance When we change our performance We change our whole life QUESTIONS: QUESTIONS ?