Poultry Feed Ingredients

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Poultry Feed Stuff:

Poultry Feed Stuff Farooqsarwar 2012-ag-2475 Uaf sub campus tt singh

Feed Stuff:

Feed Stuff Naturally and artificial origin. Nutritional value in diet. These are 1-Cereals. 2-Plant protein sources. 3- Animal protein sources. 4-Fats and oils. 5-Minerals

Corn:

Corn Major source of energy . Moisture is acceptable at least 14% Zeralenone (Vit.D3 destruction) White corn also called sweet corn pure. Yellow corn having more lectin, vitamins and carotenoids.

Wheat:

Wheat Major source of energy in poultry as well as humans. Having high lysine. High temperature decrease lysine and starch. Xylan ( Xylanase ). Pentosans .

Sorghum:

Sorghum It is replaced by corn due to same efficiency. Tannin in milo. Methionine overcome tannin. 1 % tannin sorghum not used for turkey.

Barley:

Barley Medium content of energy and protein. Young birds less ability to digest. Β - glucan Moderate level of trypsin inhibitors.

Rice:

Rice Poor source of Cp and ME Low level trypsin inhibitor Aflatoxin 10% crude fiber.

Wheat Bran:

Wheat Bran Three by products of wheat. 1-Wheat Bran (high in fiber) 2- wheat middlings 3- wheat shorts. 40% from total wheat is wheat by products. Naturally phytase enzyme.

Rice Polishing:

Rice Polishing 30% rice polish and 70% true bran. Provision of ethoxyquin . High level of phytic acid.

Soybean Meal:

Soybean Meal Excellent amino acid profile. But methionine is limited. 65% is a protein and 35% is oil. Hexane is added to extract oil. After extraction remove hexane. Trypsin inhibitor is present. Over heating destroy lysine.

Canola Meal:

Canola Meal It is derived from RSM by genetic modification. Goitrogens and erucic acid. High amount of phytic acid. 1.4% Sulphur.

Corn Gluten:

Corn Gluten By product of wet milling of corn. High nutrient profile. Less amount of lysine. High level of Xanthophyll (10% of yolk color).

Cotton Seed Meal:

Cotton Seed Meal Due to cheaper source it is used. High fiber content. CSM having 1-Gossypol having adverse affect on lysine. 2- C yclopropene fatty acids affect the egg color and membranes.

Linseed Meal:

Linseed Meal Also called flexseed . Contain high level of linolenic acid that having ability to create attractive towards eggs and meat. Difficult to grind due to small size.

Sesame Meal:

Sesame Meal Deficient in lysine. High amount of phytic acid that cause problem in Ca and P regulation. Bone disorders and eggshell problems.

Meat Meal:

Meat Meal High protein in nature. Meat with bone is a good source of Ca and P. 12% fat is present. If processing is not proper then salmonellosis.

Fish Meal:

Fish Meal Excellent source of essential amino acids. Stabilized with antioxidant. Gizzerosine when fish meal is heated. Due to improper processing digestive problem occur.

Feather Meal:

Feather Meal High protein level. But deficient in some amino acids. Cystine is present in feather having 65% digestibility. But during processing digestibility is 45%. During processing it is treated with keratinase enzyme and NaOH to increase digestibility.

Blood Meal:

Blood Meal High amount of crude protein. High amount of lysine but deficient in isoleucine Blood from processing plants 1-Hemoglobins. 2-Cell membrane. 3-Celullar electrolytes. 4- Small quantity of lipid.

Molasses:

Molasses By product of sugar cane and sugar beet. To stimulate appetite, taste and avoid dustiness. Its inclusion level is low 3-4 percent. It also increase the water intake.

Fats and Oils:

Fats and Oils

Source of Ca, P and Salt:

Source of Ca , P and Salt

References:

References Commercial Poultry Nutrition by S.Leeson and J.D.Summers . ADM-Feed ingredients Catalog.

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