PROPHET MUHAMMAD

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PROPHET MUHAMMAD: (P.b.u.h) :

PROPHET MUHAMMAD : ( P.b.u.h )

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Prophet Muhammad ( P.b.u.h ) was born in Makkah on Monday, Rabee ’ al- awal , in the year of elephant. It was the year 570 according to the Christian calendar. Prophet Muhammad ( P.b.u.h ) was born 50 days after the event of the year of the elephant. And what is the year of the elephant? The Arabs before Islam of course had no calendar. They counted days and months but they did not number their years. Instead, they would only give each year a name after some special event which is happened during the year. The year in which Allah’s messenger ( P.b.u.h ) was born something very remarkable happened.

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An Ethiopian ruler names Abraha was ruling Yemen at that time. He was angry because many people went to Makkah every year to visit the Ka’bah . Abraha built a splendid Church in San’aa , but the people did not come to his Church. They continued to visit the Ka’bah . Abraha needed no further excuse. He set out for Makkah with a large army to break the ka’bah down. At the front of the army he placed an elephant. No one in Makkah had ever seen an elephant before. Abraha was not far from Makkah when the elephant stopped and it wouldn’t move any further. Abraha’s large army also stopped.

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At this point a miracle happened. The Qur’an tells us its story. Since then this year was called the year of Elephant. It was the year Allah’s messenger ( P.b.u.h ) was born. Prophet’s mother name was Aminah bint Wahab . She belonged to a noble family of a tribe Quraysh . The prophet’s father name was Abdullah and his grandfather name was Abdul- Mutatalib . They also belonged to the Quraysh tribe.

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A few month before birth of Prophet Muhammad ( P.b.u.h ), his father Abdulah had gone to Syria with a trade caravan. On his return he fell sick. He stayed in Yathrib ( Madinah ) for a while hoping to get better before he went back to Makkah . He died in Madinah months before the birth of his son. Abdullah was only 25 years old when he died. When his mother Aminah gave birth to him, his grandfather Abdul- Mutalib named him Muhammad. Abdul- Mutalib hoped that his grandson would be praised and respected by everyone in the world.

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Most of the Quraysh used to send their newborn children to the desert. There they would spend their early childhood with a Bedouin family. This gave the children good health. It kept them away from the crowd city. This also helped them to learn the pure Arabic language. According to custom of the Arab nobles, the prophet ( P.b.u.h ) was given into are of lady haleemah Sa’diyyah .

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Haleemah took upon herself to suckle Muhammad ( P.b.u.h ) and bring him up. She world come to Makkah twice a year so that Muhammad ( P.b.u.h ) could meet his mother and grandfather. Haleemah Sa’diyyah suckled him for two years and he ramined with her for four years. He tended sheep as soon as he was old enough to walk and learnt the ways of the desert. He brought great good fortune to his foster parents. His mother Aminah called him back to Makkah at the end of four years. When he was six, his mother took him Yathrib ( Madinah ), where his father died.

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But Aminah herself fell ill and died on her way back to Makkah at abwa , a place between Madinah and Makkah . Allah’s messenger ( P.b.u.h ) now came under the care of his grandfather Abdul- muttalib . Abdul- muttalib was eight years old then. He was the head of the Hashim clan. Abdul- muttalib loved his little grandson very much. He kept the boy with him as he rested in the shadow of the ka’bah . Here the two of them could watch the world go by.

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When the boy eight years old, Abdul- muttalib died. Now the prophet ( P.b.u.h ) came under the care of his uncle Abu- talib . Abdul- muttalib was wise enough to give him to the care of Abu Talib because he and the prophet’s father Abdullah were born of the same mother. Abu Talib took special care of his nephew. He held him dearer than his own sons. He made him sleep on his own bed. When the prophet ( P.b.u.h ) was twelve years old, Abu talib planned to go with a trade caravan to Syria. Abu talib took him along to Syria.

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When the caravan reached Busra (a part of Syria), a Christian monk named Bahira saw the Prophet ( P.b.u.h ). Bahira was learned and wise. He recognized Muhammad ( P.b.u.h ) as the last prophet. He told Abu Talib that his nephew was set to become a prophet. He advised Abu Talib to look after him with special care.

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