Seven Wonders of the world

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Original Seven Wonders of the world :

Original Seven Wonders of the world Made by Fahad

The Great Pyramid of Giza:

The Great Pyramid of Giza From the original seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only one still standing. It is also known as the pyramid of Khufu or the pyramid of Cheops. It was constructed around the year 2560 BC and is said to have been built as the tomb of King Khufu. There are three known chambers deep inside the pyramid, the upper two being the king and queen's chambers. It took over 20 years to construct and remained the highest manmade structure for over 3500 years (146.6 meters). The total mass of the pyramid is estimated to be close to 6 million tons and if it took 20 years to construct, it would mean moving 250 tons of limestone a day.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon :

Hanging Gardens of Babylon Among the original seven wonders of the world, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon have captured our imagination for several centuries. Though there is some controversy about the actual site of these gardens, many believe that they were located at the present-day Al Hilla , Babil in Iraq. The existence of the lush Hanging Gardens was documented by Strabo and Diodorus Siculus , the famed Greek historians. They were built around the year 600 BC by King Nebuchadnezzar II to please his sick Persian wife who longed for the fragrant plants and trees of her homeland. According to Diodorus the historian, it was a terraced garden in several tiers and each garden plot was 100x100 feet and as these terraces ascended, they resembled a theater.

The Statue of Zeus at Olympia:

The Statue of Zeus at Olympia The statue of the Greek god Zeus was 39 feet tall and depicted the Greek god in a sitting position. The statue was housed in the temple of Zeus and for many centuries people from all over the civilized world visited Olympia to see the statue. The statue was sculptured by the renowned Greek sculptor Pheidias around the year 432 BC. The statue was made of bronze with inlay ivory work and plated with gold, ebony, precious stones and occupied the entire width of the temple. A very detailed description of the statue and its throne was recorded by the traveler Pausanias in the second century. As per his description, the sculpture depicted the Greek god Zeus holding a small statue of Nike, the goddess of Victory in his right hand and a scepter inlaid with gold in his right.

Temple of Artemis :

Temple of Artemis The temple was constructed in Ephesus which is about 50 kilometers south of the present port city of Izmir in Turkey, around the year 550 BC. Also known as the temple of Diana, it was a Greek temple dedicated to Artemis, the Greek Goddess who was venerated with great passion. It is said that earlier, another temple stood at the same site around 800 BC but was destroyed by floods and in its place the new temple began to be built around 550 BC. Except for the roof, the new temple was built of white marble. The roof stood on huge marble pillars to make a wide ceremonial passage. At present, only the foundations and fragments of the temple remain. The construction was supervised by an architect named Chersiphron and his son Metagenes .

Mausoleum of Mausolus :

Mausoleum of Mausolus Mausolus was a wealthy king of a small kingdom which had its capitol at Halicarnussus . Fond of grandeur, he along with his wife Artemisia started building his capitol city with the help of the best architects and sculptors from Greece. They spent large sums of the state taxes to commission statues, temples and buildings in sparkling white marble. In the center of the city, Artemisia planned to construct a grand tomb as a final resting place for her husband and herself after their death. The tomb was built between 353 and 350 BC and was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythis . It stood approximately 45 meters high and all four sides of the mausoleum had intricate sculptured reliefs by famous Greek sculptors. On top of the walls of the structure were 36 columns (nine per side), and standing between each column was a statue. On top of the columns stood a massive pyramid shaped roof.

Lighthouse at Alexandria :

Lighthouse at Alexandria Work on the construction of the lighthouse was started by Egypt's first Macedonian ruler Ptolemy and completed by his son in the 3rd Century BC. It was constructed on the island of Pharos, a small island off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt. Since the Egyptian coastline was very flat and devoid of any prominent landmarks, it was initially constructed as a landmark showing the location of the harbor to sailors. Many years later (around the 1st century), it was converted into a lighthouse by the Romans. The building was square, about 8.5 meters on each side and the height was estimated to be between 115 to 135 meters. There are ancient claims that the lighthouse could be seen as far off as 35 miles by sailors. It was constructed from large blocks of light colored stone and rose in three stages: the lower section was square, the middle was octagonal and the top-most section was cylindrical.

Colossus of Rhodes:

Colossus of Rhodes The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek god Hilios and was constructed on the Greek island of Rhodes between 292 and 280 by Chares of Lindos . The statue was approximately 30 meters tall and straddled the harbor (according to descriptions by many historians), though ancient accounts differ on the size, shape and it's very existence. The statue was mounted on two white marble pedestals that were each 15 meters high. The structure was built using iron tie bars and after it was shaped, brass plates were fixed as the skin of the statue. It is said that much of the metal used to construct the statue was from various weapons left behind by Demetrius's army when they withdrew after a failed invasion. The statue stood for only 56 years when Rhodes was hit by an earthquake in 226 BC. The statue snapped at its knees and is said to have lain on the ground for as many as 800 years .

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