1st High School of Pefki, Athens: 1 st High School of Pefki , Athens The history of our city Ancient times: Ancient times In ancient times one of the 12 boroughs in ancient Athens was that of the Athmoneans, what today is Maroussi. This borough included the area of what now is Pefki Ancient times: Ancient times The area now covered by Pefki was pasture land. Ancient cattle-breeders took the milk making cheese of an excellent quality Ancient times: Ancient times The disciples of Kleisthenes may have passed through this spot on their way to Athens to overthrow the tyranny of the Peisistratids. Byzantine times: Byzantine times Theodore Mangafas was a borough master in Asia Minor during Byzantine times. In all probability, his descendants reached Greece, then under Turkish rule, (16th century) settling in Attica. The aghas of Athens gave big areas of land for exploitation to the Mangafas in northwest Attica. This land included what today is known as Pefki. The name of our city: The name of our city The name “Mangoufana” derives etymologically from the corruption of the name of Byzantine family of Mangafas The name of our city: The name of our city According to another version starting in 1843 Raoul Malsherbes, at the time visiting Athens as a tourist, stated that in his view the name finally derived from a certain “Mangoufa (meaning living in wretched loneliness) Anna” who lived in the area alone, probably deaf and suffering from consumption hoping to recover, where she finally managed to survive until her death. Even the late Sotiris Passalis quoted the tomb stone of “Anna Mangoufa” located in the Argyris estate. Modern times: Modern times The refugees from Asia Minor, uprooted from their homeland, reached Marousssi in 1922 and settled where the old town hall is located. Modern times: Modern times Some of them went up to Pefki where the first brick houses were built in the forest, there where today Ano Pefki is located. Modern times: Modern times In 1950 the borders of the borough of Mangoufana are laid down. In 1960 the edict for renaming Mangoufana to Pefki was published in the government gazette. Modern times: Modern times At the same time electrification of the borough is completed and local transportation becomes available. Already since 1960 the residents had signed a petition for building an electric train-station in the area of the Rehabilitation Centre Hospital (KAT). Modern times: Modern times Finally, the water supply network is completed.