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Premium member Presentation Transcript History of the Tamil Language : History of the Tamil Language The history of the Tamil language divided into three periods, namely, (1) Early Tamil, comprising the period between the sixth century before and the sixth century after Christ; (2) Mediaeval Tamil, between the sixth century and the twelfth century; (3) Modern Tamil, from the twelfth century down to the present day. The writing : The writing Early Tamil The peculiarities of this Tamil may be observed in works AHANANURU, PURANANURU, PATTUPATTU, PADITRUPPATTU, SILAPPADIKARAM and MANIMEKALAI……. AND MORE OF IT The literature of this period : The literature of this period all poetry - mostly blank verse, descriptions, and of later prosody - ASIRIYAPPA, KALIPPA, VENBA AND VANJIPPA were the metrical forms in use. The descriptions of events and scenery are all faithful and true to nature. The Medieval Tamil period : The Medieval Tamil period The struggle for predominance between Hinduism on the one hand and Buddhism and Jainism The literature of this epoch consists of hymns to Siva and Vishnu The Tamil grammar during this period were VIRASOLIYAM, Nambi's AHAPPORUL and NEMINADAM. PHASE 1 (1831-1881) : PHASE 1 (1831-1881) The early Tamil journals were non-political They were mostly promoted by missionaries The first Tamil journal was a monthly, Tamil Patrika, (1831) Viveka Vilasam appeared in 1865 Objective: to counteract the missionaries’ propaganda. It was promoted by non-Christian Tamil scholars. Madras was the home of these journals. Phase 2 (1882-till date) : Phase 2 (1882-till date) The first Tamil newspaper in the real sense was the Swadeshmitran which was started as a weekly in 1882 by G.Subramania Aiyer Dinamani, sponsored by the Express group, made its appearance in 1934 The first editor of Dinamani, T.S.Chokkalingam, started a daily on his own, Dinasari¸ in 1944. CONT… : CONT… 1942 saw the advent of Dina Thanthi. It was started by S.B.Adityan a barrister aimed at lower class and semi-literate population. Today Dina Thanthi is published from 9 towns. Dinamalar was established by T.V.Ramasubba Aiyer, Congressman of Tirunelveli in 1951 in Trivandrum. The newspaper played an active role for the merger of Tamil areas in Travancore with Tamil Nadu Dinamalar introduced offset printing in 1981 Political Leaning of the Press : Political Leaning of the Press Dravidian Press Justice Party Non-Brahmin and Dravidian Nationalist Press Swadesamitran and Desabhaktam Muslim Press Live-ul-Islam and Saiphul Islam Prominent Newspapers : Prominent Newspapers Swadesamitran (1882) G. Subramania Aiyer A Rangaswami Iyengar C.R. Srinivasan Dinamani (1934) Sponsored by Express group Different presentation of news and views. Cheap newspaper Slide 10: Dina Thanthi (1942) Semi literate audience Indulged in sensationalism Dinamalar (1952) Plays active role on agitations and social issues Characteristic: photographic coverage Ananda Vikantan (1924) Cultural magazine Cartoons of Mali R. Krishnamurthi (Kalki) Kumudam Weekly Cinema related content Prominent Journalists : Prominent Journalists SUBRAMANIA AIYER-SWADESAMITRAN C.R.SRINIVASAN-SWADESAMITRAN SIVARAM-DINAMANI T.R.RAMASWAMI-MAKKAL KURAL CHO RAMASWAMI-TUGLAQ Cartoons in Tamil Journalism : Cartoons in Tamil Journalism C.Subramania Bharati (1882-1921) was the pioneer of cartoons in Tamil. He employed cartoons during the Swadeshi period (1906-11) in a journal named India. THEMES OF CARTOONING One of the standard themes of the cartoons was the exploitation of India by the English. An even better target of Bharati’s vicious cartoons was the Moderate. Cartoons in Tamil Journalism : Cartoons in Tamil Journalism INFLUENCES AND STYLES OF CARTOONING He employed traditional lore, especially proverbs and Hindu mythology. Bharati’s cartoons constitute a veritable zoological garden teeming with a host of wild and domesticated animals. Influence of the Pancharatna tales and Aesop’s fables are evident. Each cartoon was accompanied by an elaborate commentary Cartoons in Tamil Journalism : Cartoons in Tamil Journalism More than a single cartoonist carried out Bharati’s orders. However, Bharati’s Chitraveli, a journal exclusively for cartoons didn’t take off. There was a lull of at least a decade. Civil Disobedience Movement ushered in lost faith in Tamil cartooning. T.S.Chokkalingam’s Sudhantira Sangu earned the wrath of the colonial government. Ananda Vikatan further secured the cartoon’s place in Tamil journalism. Cartoons in Tamil Journalism : Cartoons in Tamil Journalism The famed Review of Reviews published from London made appreciative mention of Tamil cartoons. Apart from famous cartoonist Mali, K.R. Sarma too won much praise. Most of the cartoonists do not express their own opinion on day-to-day happenings. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.